Flowers — what could be better? It is especially nice when the snow is blowing, and the room on the windowsill bloom beautiful flowers, isn’t it?
Today I propose to talk about important thing, without which to grow healthy, beautiful, lush flowering plants are problematic — natural dressing. If in the country we do the planting when it comes to home colors, some dressing neglected. And for good reason.
When you need to feed
Feed home flowers should be much more common than we sometimes think. Caused by such a necessity, primarily limited to the area of plant nutrition. And even if your blooming pet grows into a large spacious pot, it does not mean that it lacks minerals. Plant in any case, depletes the land and therefore needs additional feeding.
Partly the solution will be periodic transplanting plants in a new land nutrient substrate. But the supply of nutrients contained in the substrate, will last about two months, but not six months or even a year, as many novice growers. And after these two months, the plant, especially if it begins flowering or actively growing, be sure to feed. The only exception will be plants that have a period of rest, they are temporarily feeding not need.
A signal that an urgent need to begin feeding house colors are:
poor resistance to illnesses, yellowing and dropping of leaves, appearance on various spots, and other signs of ill health.
Ideally, of course, it is better not to bring, so let’s talk about what natural fertilizers we can use for their Pets and how.
Perhaps the most popular natural fertilizer used for fertilizing indoor plants is a plain sugar. Yes, it is sugar, you are not. Who first thought to use it as fertilizer for plants, history is silent, but we can successfully use this method for feeding your flowers.
What are the benefits of feeding sugar
From chemistry lessons, we remember that sugar breaks down into fructose and glucose. First we do not need, but the second, i.e. glucose, performs 2 functions. First of all, it serves as a source of energy for all life processes of plants (respiration, absorption of various nutrients, etc.), and secondly, is the perfect building material, contributing to the formation of complex organic molecules.
However, there is one caveat: glucose is a great Builder only if it is well absorbed, and to absorb the needed carbon dioxide. With insufficient carbon dioxide, once in the root zone of plants, the sugar will turn from a Builder as a power source for various fungi, root rot and so on. Therefore, together with the fertilizer plant sugar makes sense to use one of EM-preparations, for example, “Baikal EM-1” from joint supplements 100% yet.
How to feed the plants with sugar
For the preparation of “sugar” feeding mix 1 tbsp. sugar 0.5 liters of water or just sprinkle with sugar and then pour the soil in the flower pot.
How often can I use sugar for dressing
To resort to such fertilizing potted plants should not more often than once a month, so don’t overdo it.
Sugar or glucose?
Instead of sugar to feed the flowers home can the ordinary glucose, which is sold in the pharmacy. Such feeding will be more effective than “sugar”. For this 1 pill glucose should be diluted in a liter of water. Pour or spray the plants “glucose” water must also not more than 1 time per month.
The perfect fertiliser for all flowers (and home) is spicy coffee, especially because cooking this fertilizer is not necessary. Just a Cup of coffee, do not pour coffee grounds and mix it with soil in a flowerpot. Thanks to this simple acceptance of the world will become more loose and easy. Besides, increase the acidity of the soil, and there will be more oxygen.
What flowers like coffee
Using as fertilizing flowers spice coffee, remember: not all flowers soil acidity working well. Feeding spicey coffee is useful not only home to flowers like them, many plants, including: azaleas, gladioli, lilies, all kinds of roses, rhododendrons and many evergreens.
Not a single coffee
As a dressing for potted plants is often used not only Spica coffee and tea brew. Unfortunately, it can not only give positive, but also negative effect. Undoubtedly, such a Supplement will make the land in a flower pot looser, but don’t forget that welding in the soil just “adore” the black flies (sciarid), so be careful.
Citrus and other fruits
Peel tangerines, oranges and even bananas can turn into a great fertilizer for houseplants. However, for this they will have a little “pokoldovat”.
To prepare the fertilizer of citrus, the peel must be crushed, fill it about a third a quart jar and fill the jar to the top with boiling water. Insisting that “citrus” fertilizer during the day, take out the crust, the water in the pot again, bring the volume to liters by adding pure water, and watering our flowers.
About the same preparing fertilizer from banana peels: we grind them, fill up half a quart jar and fill it to the brim with water. Insist fertilizer a day, then strain, throw away the crust, and the jar again filled to the brim with clean water.
Unlike citrus, banana skins can be added and right in the land substrate: at the time of transplant flowers add to the pot with nutritious soil is slightly pre-dried and powdered banana skins. Eventually they will decompose and feed the plants with trace elements, which positively affect the growth of green mass.
And from citrus peel, and peel bananas, you can prepare a nutritious mix to feed plants. This crushed zest and banana peel (in equal proportions) to fill the third of the three-liter jar. Add 2 teaspoons sugar and Bay all warm water, allow to infuse for 3 weeks in a warm place. From time to time, this nutritious mix should be used, but don’t worry, it comes from a very decent fragrance
After 3 weeks you will receive light yellow cloudy liquid, which is stored in the refrigerator. For feeding it should be diluted with clean water 1:20 and feel free to use 1 time per month.
The use of ash as fertilizer underrated by many, but in vain. Because the ash contains potassium, phosphorus, magnesium, calcium, iron, zinc, and even sulfur. Moreover, the potassium and phosphorus contained in the ash in an easily accessible for the plants form, making ash one of the best fertilizers for flowers.
How to use the ash for fertilizing flowers
To feed the flowers, the ash can simply be mixed with the soil when transplanting plants. So not only do you land make the substrate more nutritious, but will also disinfect it, allowing damaged when transplanting, the roots just will not rot.
And from the ashes it is possible to prepare liquid fertilizer for flowers. To do this, 1 tablespoon of the ash is diluted in a liter of water.
Yeast is also a great stimulator of the growth of flowers
Did you know that yeast can be used not only for cooking delicious brew and dough? It turns out that yeast can cook a great growth stimulating solution for fertilizing plants.
Yeast secrete a lot of useful substances that actively stimulate the growth of the plant, such as phytohormones, vitamins and auxins. In addition, yeast contains cytokinins — hormones that help regulate the differentiation and division of cells; the presence of these substances also has a beneficial effect on plants.
By the way, unlike most of the dressing home, so to speak, of cooking yeast feeding has been repeatedly studied by scientists. The result is proved thanks to them dramatically increases the activity of microorganisms in the soil, there is a rapid mineralization of organic matter and increases the allocation of carbon dioxide. Therefore, plant nutrition yeast nutrient solution equate to the fertilizing complete mineral fertilizer.
How to prepare nutrient solution from yeast
To prepare yeast dressing, dissolve 10 grams of yeast and 1 tablespoon sugar in 1 liter of warm water. If an ordinary yeast at hand no, you can use and dried by dissolving 10 grams of dry yeast, and 3 tablespoons of sugar in 10 liters of water. Regardless of what yeast you used for making the nutrient solution — normal or dry before you feed the plants, let it infuse for about 2 hours. The solution was then diluted with water in ratio of 1:5 and sprinkled over the earth in pots with plants.
Familiar and so dear the onion, without which it is simply impossible to imagine our cuisine, can be successfully used not only in cooking. “Healing cocktail” made from onion skin, a positive impact on the growth of all without an exception of house plants — because it contains a complete set of trace elements.
How to make onion cocktail
In the preparation of a cocktail onion peel is no big deal, the only caveat: he cannot long be stored, therefore, such feeding is necessary to prepare each time. So, for cooking onion cocktail needs about 50 grams of onion peel pour 2 liters of hot water, bring the broth to a boil and boil for about 10 minutes, allow to stand for three hours. After the broth has cooled, strain it and spray the plants.
Mold truly is a universal fertilizer, which is equally well used for fertilizing plants in the garden, vegetable garden and supply flowers. That is why many growers are rightly believe that the better fertilizers you simply will not find: nutritious and readily available, it has a lot of advantages.
But humus humus strife, and if the basic qualities of different types of this fertilizer is about the same, different house plants as feeding prefer different compost. So, for example, rubber plants, palms, citrus, dieffenbachia and monstera like a compost based on poultry manure, the effect of the application of which is much higher than from supplements with mullein. This is because the nutrition of a bird’s droppings several times larger than mullein, and it is therefore used for fertilizing most indoor plants need very carefully, using only large and fast growing species.
Before applying humus with bird droppings should be diluted with water (10 grams in 3 liters of water) to obtain a liquid weak dull greenish hue, and before you fertilize flowers, earth in the pots must be watered with ordinary water.
To feed other potted plants, it is better to use leaf mold, for example by adding it to the land of the substrate at the time of transplant plants. In leaf humus contains a number of elements necessary for plant nutrition. In addition, it significantly affects the soil structure, greatly improving it.
To feed flowers and humus on the basis of cow (pork and so on) of manure, for which 100 grams of compost is diluted in 10 liters of water.
Using for fertilizing flowers humus, be prepared for the fact that some time from the pots will come not very pleasant smell, which will disappear within a few hours. The smell will not be only in the case if you use a compost made on the accelerated technology, in which no weed seeds and pathogens. However, as a liquid fertilizing it is not recommended: it must be mixed with soil during planting, using as the baking powder for heavy soils.
The application of decoctions of vegetables (natural, not salted) for feeding are debatable, but many believe in the miraculous effect of this unusual fertilizer, arguing that the broth of vegetables is very nutritious for house plants and can bring them only benefits. Is so, I personally do not presume to assert my flowers this dressing had no effect, but I could be wrong; I would be glad if you convince me.
A great alternative to purchased fertilizers can become an ordinary aquarium water. It contains a large number of substances, perfectly stimulating the growth of plants, it is very soft, has a neutral pH. But to use it for fertilizing is recommended in spring or early summer when the plant begins active growth of leaves and shoots. But since mid-summer, aquarium water for flowers should be avoided.
Again, everything is good in moderation, so feed the plants with aquarium water is necessary not more often than once a month, otherwise a lot of microscopic algae, once in the soil of potted flower, multiply greatly, causing the soil to turn green and sour.
Succinic acid — a substance that is obtained after processing of natural amber — has many beneficial qualities, so it is widely used, including, for fertilizing flowers.
Getting succinic acid in the form of white crystalline powder, slightly similar to citric acid both in appearance and taste. To prepare the nutrient solution, dissolve 1 g product in 5 liters of water. This liquid can not only water, but also to spray house plants. Especially those feeding like begonia, aglaonema, citrus, Chlorophytum, ficus, Haworthia, cactus, and jade.
Note: use of succinic acid for fertilizing potted plants is possible not more often than once a year, otherwise you risk getting the opposite effect.
In addition to the 10 most popular fertilizers for flowers, there are several options which are used less frequently, but that, according to their supporters, not less effective:
filtered water remaining after washing of meat and fish, is a good plant fertilizer; however, scientific evidence for this fact, I found it was not necessary, maybe you are luckier? If you have already had the opportunity to see the miraculous power of such feedings, tell about this review, please;
some growers use to feed the flowers, the water from flushing cereals: buckwheat, rice, millet etc., which contains iron, silicon, phosphorus, and magnesium;
egg shells, in the opinion of many lovers of flowers, is also very useful. It buried in the soil during replanting, it insist the water they use for irrigation, but if she’s feeding really question. So, in an egg-shell contains a really great amount of calcium, but it is virtually inaccessible to plants, and what good is this? Especially love the calcium has a very limited number of flowers and the excess of it in the soil contributes to only because the plants starts chlorosis. It turns out that the use of eggshell as a fertilizer is very questionable, except that it can be a great drainage;
toothpaste and tooth powder also serve as a fertilizer for flowers. To prepare the mix with tooth powder, you need 3 tbsp. of powder, 3 tablespoons of wood ash and 1 tbsp of copper sulphate to dissolve in a liter of water. To insist that fertilizer is not necessary, it can be used immediately after preparation. Very easy and quick to prepare fertilizer toothpaste: in 1 liter of water dissolve a third of a tube of toothpaste, this food will give food to the roots of flowers, and they will become more healthy appearance.
And finally — before you use fertilizer for flowers, remember some simple rules:
do not fertilize transplanted in the new soil the plants earlier than 2 months, because in rich soil also contain fertilizers, the excess of which will only lead to the death of the plant;
before fertilize the plants and pour the soil simply with clean water, this will help you not destroy them if the fertilizer will be concentrated;
all weak or diseased plants must be fed very carefully, using for this purpose a solution of fertilizer much lower concentrations; no need to make feeding year-round, home flowers need fertilizers only during spring-summer.
Using a variety of fertilizers for flowers, try not to overdo it, because everything is good in moderation, and excess of nutrients violates the equal development of your plants and can cause their death. That is why feeding must be correct and the most balanced, the only way they will be able to benefit.