Paris | After theuppercut charged to airlines by the Covid-19, the traffic slowly resumes in Europe as re-openings of borders, but thousands of jobs remain at risk.
A return to very lenteSelon Iata, the great international association of the sector, for reasons of both movement restrictions and fears of the passengers, the traffic will restart first on the domestic markets, then continental and finally in the fourth quarter on long-haul flights. It will not return to its level of 2019 that, in 2023.
European countries, for instance, must rule on a proposal of the list of fifteen States that travellers will be admitted to the Union on 1 July, which excludes the United States and that includes China under the condition.
In Europe, in the week from 15 to 21 June, 7 706 flights were conducted per day on average, (-77,9% compared to the same period in 2019), mainly by Turkish Airlines, Lufthansa, Wizz Air, recommended, which flights, DHL and Air France, according to the Eurocontrol organization. It is at the airport of Paris-Charles de Gaulle airport as the traffic was the most important, followed by Frankfurt, Schiphol (Amsterdam), Heathrow (London) and Istanbul.
At the global level, the passenger traffic has reached the bottom in April, diving 94.3% (measured in passenger-kilometers for a fee, or RPK) compared to April 2019.
What destinations in Europe?
The Portuguese capital Lisbon arrives at the head of the reservations of plane tickets in Europe during the first half of June, ahead of Paris, Amsterdam, Athens, Rome, Madrid, Frankfurt, Vienna, Barcelona and London, according to data released Monday by the specialized firm Forwardkeys.
A year ago, the british capital was the head of reservations. This relegation reflects the effect of the quarantine measures put in place, according to the company.
“Countries that have put in place quarantine measures have seen declines in traffic similar to a total ban on flights “, said Brian Pearce, chief economist Iata.
The united airlines argues in favor of the implementation by the airports and the companies of sanitary measures (wearing a mask, taking temperatures, health declaration…)
The worst yet to come?
Government aid programs ” have saved thousands of jobs and enabled the companies to maintain the links. But I fear that the worst is yet to come “, commented in mid-June, Rafael Schvartzman, vice-president of the international air transport Association (Iata) for Europe.
Usually, companies rely on the summer season to build up financial reserves for the winter months, the more difficult (…) there will be no reservations for summer ” this year, he added.
The european airlines are expected to record a net loss of $ 21.5 billion in 2020 (against a net profit of $ 6.5 billion in 2019), which could threaten ” 6 to 7 million jobs related to aviation in Europe “, according to Iata.
The clear cuts to come and more recent in Europe
On Friday, Air France must present the employment impact of its “reconstruction plan” which will go through a drastic reduction in domestic connections and will result according to the unions by the thousands of posts deleted, with no departures forced.
From his side, Guillaume Faury, chief executive officer of Airbus, which has reduced the production rates of a third party, has warned that the group could be required to make decisions, “bitter” and “difficult” for the job ” before the end of July “.
Last week, for example:
- The swiss group of airport services Swissport announced the cancellation of more than 4,000 jobs in the Uk.
- The business of interior design in aircraft Jet Aviation will remove about 200 jobs on its site to the airport the franco-swiss Basel-Mulhouse.
- The swiss operator of duty-free shops Dufry will reduce its personnel costs by 20% to 35%.
- The companies Lufthansa and Turkish Airlines are going to close the German subsidiary of their joint venture Sunexpress, threatening 1,200 jobs.
- The austrian branch Level, the subsidiary long-haul low-cost the british group IAG has filed for bankruptcy.