Constant fatigue, weakness, unhealthy skin color is a sign of anemia. This disease can be diagnosed in every four people, it prevents to play sports and be active.
Statistics shows that every fourth inhabitant of the planet suffers from anemia.
Most of it manifests itself in the form of light, but even in this case, there is a risk to health. About 7% of body weight accounts for the blood in the adult human body runs about five liters of blood. Blood is a solution of water with salts in which there is a lot of vital cells, blood cells are produced in the spinal cord, each type of cell has its own role. Red blood cells perform the function of transporting oxygen from the lungs to all organs and tissues, the color of blood the color of red blood cells that are red. The white blood cells protect us from viruses and germs, and platelets stop the bleeding when injured.
In the ratio between cells should be a balance.
In anemia red blood cells become smaller, it happens that their number remains unchanged, but in the cells is less hemoglobin, a special protein that carries oxygen. That is red blood cells not getting smaller, but they cannot fully perform its function.
Anemia when the body lacks oxygen, it starts to choke.
The human body is a self-regulating system, it adapts to the lack of oxygen just as the inhabitants of the mountains you get used to breathing rarefied air. But anyway, sooner or later, the anemia will have an effect.
the symptoms of anemia
A typical symptom of anemia is constant fatigue, the tissues not getting enough oxygen, the cells begin to spend it in economy mode, slowing down their activity. Significantly reduced capacity for work and concentration, he becomes very nervous and irritable. In later stages the skin becomes very pale, hands and feet are always freezing due to the fact that they, like the limbs first begin to suffer from a lack of blood supply.
For anemia is characterized by the increase of heart rate the heart is trying hard to give the organs more blood, but the quantity does not compensate for quality, that is lack of oxygen. Through this developing headaches and dizziness. If you have any of these symptoms, it does not mean the presence of anemia, it only speaks about the importance of screening for diagnosis.
Diagnosis of anemia
In order to make or refute the diagnosis of anemia, the doctor sends the patient for a blood test, the main indicators is the amount of hemoglobin and red blood cells. Note we have taken the color of blood, because it depends on a quantitative representation of red blood cells, abroad is another important indicator of hematocrit. Additionally, you will need to pass a few more tests on the amount in the blood of free iron, ferritin and transferrin, they allow you to diagnose most common form is iron-deficiency anemia.
Causes of anemia
Iron-deficiency anemia in the blood lacks iron, it is the main component of hemoglobin. Mono to allocate a lot of reasons, but they all boil down to two main factors: the lack of iron in the diet and increased excretion of iron from the body. In order to get enough iron, you need to eat a sufficient quantity of meat, liver, leafy vegetables, dried fruits and legumes. Some products are further fortified with iron, but their use does not make much sense, because the body can’t absorb more than a few milligrams a day. To replenish iron levels, doctors prescribe the intake of special drugs, but even with them the effect will not be quick, could take weeks, sometimes months.
Most strongly affected by anemia are women of childbearing age, every month they lose a certain amount of blood. Similarly, the risk group also includes people with bleeding, ranging from injuries and ending a stomach ulcer. Often anemia occurs because the body’s needs for iron increase, and its level remains unchanged, because of these reasons, the disease is typical for young children and pregnant women. Vegetarians and vegans are consciously depriving yourself of food of animal origin, plant products, iron is absorbed much worse, so to avoid anemia all of us who eat a little meat products or even refused them, must take iron in Supplement form.
Prevention of anemia
Anemia is a disease that is easier to prevent than to cure. The main aspect of prevention is the use of products with high iron content:
- Red meat;
- Nuts and dried fruits;
- Whole grains;
- Broccoli and spinach.
If you have been diagnosed with anemia and prescribed iron supplementation, then you need to follow a few rules:
- Take medications at mealtime, as many of them irritate the stomach;
- Clearly respect the dosage specified by the doctor, check the dosage of your purchased product with the one specified in the appointment;
- Products with vitamin C accelerates the absorption of iron, while tea, coffee and milk, on the contrary, hinder its absorption.