“Rather, the Danube will flow back than in Romania will be restructuring…”
In 1988-1989 in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe a wave of “velvet revolutions” raised by Gorbachev’s perestroika in the Soviet Union and the emerging world system of socialism. However, in Romania, the “velvet” was not; in the course of violent events in Timisoara and in Bucharest, which killed about a thousand people. Nicolae Ceausescu and his wife were quickly shot by the participants of the coup.
The leaders of the Romanian national salvation Front were later convinced that the movement which led to the fall of Ceausescu, arose spontaneously. Long version of “revolutionary upsurge of the people” disturbed by a dictatorship, prevailed. Then there were other versions, more thorough. However, all the mechanisms “regime change” in Romania not disclosed until now.
…Excitement began on 16 December 1989 in Timisoara, in Transylvania. The local Protestant pastor of Hungarian dissident Laszlo Tekesh, who campaigned for the autonomy of areas where it was prevalent Hungarian population was evicted from the house.
Usually the Romanian citizens the masses took to the streets only when the demonstrations organized by the government, then hurry to go home: Securitate – Romanian secret police – had sensitive ears and long arms. And suddenly in Timisoara took to the streets thousands of people. Conducator (leader) ceauşescu ordered the Minister of defense, Vasile Mile to use the weapon, but the Minister refused. After a few days, when Romania will start a mess and Ceausescu flees Bucharest, defense Minister found dead…
For some time the events in Timisoara remained local. 18 December 1989, ceauşescu departed on a working visit to Iran, and returned in Bucharest, made on 21 December with a speech at the Palace square. When he went to the balcony of the building of the Central Committee of the party, a crowd of thousands, as usual, welcomed him with loud cheers. Everywhere waved the slogans, the banners, the portraits of the President and his wife Elena, who held the post of first Deputy Prime Minister. Noticeably thinner Ceausescu, in a large hat, dressed in a coat with a fur collar, looked detached. As soon as he began to speak, in the crowd was heard the explosions of firecrackers. Specially created group who were in the crowd, was to disrupt the speech… the Crowd roared. The dictator, accustomed to obedience, could not believe my ears from the mass of people rushed shouting: “Down with Ceausescu!”, “Down with communism!”, “Freedom!”
The President fell silent. A few seconds he gazed on the tumult, then left the balcony. The next day on the roof of the building of the Central Committee of the party landed the helicopter that killed Ceausescu and his wife, but to leave the country they were not given.
December 25, 1989 at the military base in Targoviste couple Ceausescu was shot. The execution was preceded by a short trial, like the violence. To answer the questions of judges Ceausescu refused. Supplied to the wall, he sang before his death, the “Internationale.” Quietly looked at the face of the murderers and Elena Ceausescu.
…Romania was a socialist country, but a special. In the context of the cold war Ceausescu was always trying to sit on two chairs, has received Western credits, not supported entry of Soviet troops into Afghanistan and boycott of the 1984 Olympics in Los Angeles, insisted on the dissolution of NATO and the Warsaw Pact…
Over the years, Romania has accumulated a huge foreign debt to the West. To get debt relief, the authorities have launched an economic offensive against the people has installed a card system for food, negative energy, gasoline, water, electricity. And the goal was achieved by April of 1989, Romania had paid all debts and interest thereon.
And in the Soviet Union, meanwhile, raged restructuring. In Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, GDR’s Communist party had lost power. One of Ceausescu was not going to change course. He is still revered Stalin, in many ways emulating his leadership; Ceausescu himself was called “the Romanian Stalin.”
At the XIV Congress of the Romanian Communist party in November 1989, ceauşescu was subjected to harsh criticism of the policy of perestroika in the Soviet Union and said that Gorbachev would lead socialism to ruin.
In the American and British press wrote then: “Ceausescu became a problem for the West and Gorbachev”. In celebration of the 45th anniversary of the liberation of Romania from fascism conducator stated: “Most of the Danube will flow back than in Romania will happen perestroika”. The arrival of Ceausescu, on December 4, 1989 in Moscow, and his last meeting with Gorbachev nothing had to change but couldn’t…
The Romanian military in the days of December 1989, have suffered considerable losses. Still no one knows who shot them. And after 35 years in Kiev, someone is killed in cold blood and demonstrators, and law enforcement. When the shots subsided and began burying the dead, Romania left a few hundred athletically stacked silent men. The same “athletes” have left Ukraine after the Maidan victory…
Still, who overthrew Ceausescu?
In the documentary Susanne Brandstetter “the Execution of Ceausescu,” shown in 2004 at the German-French TV channel “Arte”, States that a hand in the overthrow and physical elimination of Ceausescu made to the CIA. The operation was entrusted to the head of the Eastern division of the CIA Milton Borden. In the film, he recognizes that the murder of the Romanian leader sanctioned the US government.
After the coup, the Minister of foreign Affairs of the USSR Eduard Shevardnadze congratulated the new leadership of Romania with “deliverance from the tyranny of Ceausescu”. However, the hopes of 30 years ago have not come true – Romania, member of the European Union and NATO, poorer today than when Ceausescu. And at the grave conducator in Bucharest are increasingly visible flowers…Valery Burt