Analysts of the U.S. Congress have prepared a review ahead of the NATO summit, which opens in London on 3 December. The experts decided to once again remind about “Russian aggression” and proposed to consider whether the North Atlantic Alliance to adopt a new strategy that takes into account supposedly coming from RF threats. According to RT interviewed experts, Washington is actively promoting the myth of “Russian threat” to keep the interest of the allies to the unit and encourage them to funding organizations.
The Capitol building in Washington, United States Reuters © Loren ElliottИсследовательская service of the U.S. Congress on the eve of the NATO summit has prepared an overview of topics that are expected to be discussed at the meeting. The American experts recalled that, in 2014, years after the events in Ukraine the U.S. is trying to focus the Alliance’s territorial defence and deterrence “Russian aggression”.
“Within five years from the moment Russia occupied Crimea and invaded Eastern Ukraine, the United States supported efforts to restore the focus of NATO to the territorial defense and deterring Russian aggression”, — stated in the document to Congress, which read RT.
We will note, Moscow has repeatedly said that is not a party to the conflict in the South-East of Ukraine, and the Crimea became a Russian region after a referendum in which an overwhelming majority of the residents voted for reunification with Russia.
The authors emphasize that since the creation of NATO, the Congress plays an important role in the formation of Washington’s policy towards the Alliance. In this regard, they recommend the legislature to study the question of whether NATO to adopt a new strategic concept that better reflects the views of the security threat emanating from Russia.
“To consider whether the Alliance to adopt a new strategic concept that more accurately reflects the views of the security threat that comes from Russia, as well as new and growing cyber and hybrid threats (the current strategic concept of NATO was adopted in 2010)” — offered at the Research center.
The issue of relations with Moscow will also be addressed at the NATO summit. This was in late November, said the Secretary General of the Alliance Jens Stoltenberg. According to him, the unit does not see an immediate threat from Russia, however, sees an increase in Russian investments in the military sphere.
“We see no aggressive attitude to any country in NATO, but the reality shows that NATO should respond has to modernize its forces, invest in a security deterrent,” he said.
Russia has to build up its military potential because of the activity of the Alliance on the Western borders, said earlier the Russian defense Minister Sergei Shoigu.”In contrast to the deployment of troops of NATO at our borders and the implementation of NATO initiative “4 to 30″ we are forced to adopt retaliatory measures of a defensive character. In order to boost the potential of our troops carry out their planned re-equipment,” — said the defense Minister.
At the same time, as noted by the Russian leader Vladimir Putin, Moscow does not threaten anyone, and all of its actions in the field of security are exclusively defensive in nature.
“Russian threat” is a false one, believes a corresponding member of the Academy of military Sciences Sergey Sudakov. In an interview with RT, he expressed the opinion that the United States artificially create it in order to motivate the need for NATO’s existence.
Earlier, the French leader Emmanuel macron stated the need to create a unified European army, which does not depend on US. According to him, it must be able to protect Europe from “China, Russia and even the United States.” However, the President of the United States Donald trump criticized the proposal and again called on European States to increase their share of financing NATO.
“We see that NATO, by and large, ceased to be real organizations. It rests exclusively on Russophobia. The United States is now making great efforts to maintain the unit. But at the same time, the Europeans step by step begin to form the prerequisites for creating one’s own military forces,” he said.
In addition, NATO is helping to develop the American defense industry, experts said. Most of the troops of the unit is equipped with machinery made in the United States. That is why Washington is interested to preserve the commitment of the allies to the Alliance and increase their contribution to the budget.
Analysts of the Congress was also not spared and financial issue. So, they are suggested to discuss the possible consequences of failure to fulfil NATO commitments to defense spending. According to the appropriate spending of the United States in 2019 is estimated at $685 billion, and Europe and Canada together — in the $299 billion.
“It is expected that in London the leaders of the allies will consider the United States proposal on the reduction established for U.S. contributions and increased contributions of Germany in the relatively small General Fund resources of NATO”, — stated in the review.
The NATO summit Reuters © Yves Herman
Pushing for the extension
The staff of the Research service also suggest to Congress to discuss how the members of the Alliance to support expansion plans, in particular in the case of Ukraine and Georgia.
“Re-examine the commitment of the allies policy of “open doors” proclaimed by NATO enlargement, focusing on the aspirations of Georgia and Ukraine to join the Alliance,” they write.
The decision on the possible inclusion of these countries into NATO was adopted in 2008 at the NATO summit in Bucharest. It was not unanimous — it was opposed by France and Germany, stating that so can be broken the balance of influence between Russia and Europe. However, Kiev and Tbilisi promised to “open doors” to NATO, but with the condition that the States conduct the necessary reforms. Specific terms for the management of the Alliance is not called.
Meanwhile in Russia, the extension block is not welcome. As noted by the Russian foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, in the case of Georgia’s accession to NATO, Moscow’s relations with the Alliance will deteriorate further. The same applies to Ukraine.
“When NATO is obsessed with continuous expansion, we see in this solely by the desire to surround Russia with a hostile ring — we are inside the Alliance declared enemy, and hinder the development of our country”, — said Lavrov in an interview to the newspaper “Kommersant”.
However, according to the expert of the International Institute of humanitarian and political studies Vladimir Bruter, the West is not ready to accept Ukraine and Georgia into NATO, as this would be a clear direct threat to Russia. He is convinced that the Alliance is no need to go to such extreme measures, because the block and so can freely use the territory of these countries.
“I always say that Ukraine is not accepted in NATO, but NATO had entered Ukraine. This asymmetrical relations: the Ukraine, nothing is guaranteed, but you can use anything you like. With Georgia facing a similar situation. If Montenegro or Macedonia admitted to NATO without actually talking, but these two countries there, it is evident that their accession would mean crossing the point of no return, for which relations with Russia will not be able to be normal”, — the politician said in an interview with RT.
Joint NATO exercises in Ukraine globallookpress.com © Markiian Lyseiko/ZUMAPRESS.com
Pressure on allies
In its review, the researchers of Congress also pay attention to the differences within NATO about the actions of Turkish military operations in Northern Syria and the purchase of Russian anti-aircraft missile systems s-400. Some countries advocate for the exclusion of Turkey from NATO defence if Ankara will deploy Russian system.
NATO Charter prevents members from taking action against another without the approval of the unit, experts say. However, in their view, States other countries could affect the nature of cooperation with Turkey, for example, changing the amount allocated to equipment and personnel.In mass-media there were messages that at the NATO summit, the States parties again expressed Ankara its position on the incompatibility of the use With-400 the status of a member of the Alliance.
Washington still hopes that Turkey refuses Russian weapons. So, in November, the U.S. state Department encouraged the Republic to destroy, return or any other way to get rid of the Russian s-400, offering instead a complex American Patriot. In the US, even considering the introduction of restrictions against Ankara in the framework of the law “On counteraction to opponents of the United States through sanctions.”
The delivery of s-400 to Turkey began in July, despite America’s attempts to stop the process. As stated by the Turkish leader Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Ankara is not going to abandon the Russian air defense system.
“Turkey understands that today Russia is a leader in the military-industrial developments that are overtaking the us for 5-7 years”, — explained Sergey Sudakov.
In his opinion, the United States put pressure on allies and not shy to promote his own weapon. Now, however, countries are slowly beginning to get rid of imposed on them dependent on the American military-industrial complex.
“All that aggression, which was taken against Turkey, was not successful. States are beginning to gradually return its sovereignty and, increasingly, say they are tired of American dictates,” concluded pike.Julia Gureeva Anna Lushnikova