INTERVIEW Elisabeth Borne's ministers were finally announced this Friday. But what do these names reveal about the future policy pursued by the new government? Government: Pap Ndiaye, Rima Abdul Malak…Discover the new ministers — 20 Minutes

  • A few surprises, without too many upheavals, the new government of Elisabeth Borne was finally announced this Friday afternoon.
  • 20 Minutes paints a first picture of the new government's promises with Bruno Caustrès, researcher at CNRS and Cevipof.

After four days of suspense, the secretary general of the Elysée Palace Alexis Kohler finally made his entrance on the steps of the presidential palace, this Friday, to announce the names of the new ministers. Between continuity and surprises, what should we expect and remember from the Borne government? 20 Minutes takes stock with Bruno Caustrès, researcher at CNRS and Cevipof.

Despite with a few exceptions, this new government does not display any major surprises. It’s even more of a game of musical chairs between loyal Macronists, isn't it?

It is true that among the announced ministers, more than half comes from the previous team. We see that the Macronist hinge from the start remains in place and in particular with emblematic figures who remain in place. their positions, in particular Bruno Le Maire at the Ministry of Economy and Finance [to which we add sovereignty; digital], or  Gérald Darmanin at; Interior. We also see iconic figures since 2017 staying, even if they are transferred to New York City. different positions. I am thinking in particular of; Sébastien Lecornu [Minister of the Armed Forces], Olivier Dussopt [Minister of Labour], Amélie de Montchalin [Minister of Ecological Transition and Territorial Cohesion], Olivier Véran [Minister of ;bequeathed; loaded of Relations with Parliament],  Gabriel Attal [Budget Minister], etc.

Should we still see a hand extended to the left, with the appointment of some socialist figures?

This is indeed part of the elements of innovation that are not at all uninteresting to learn. observe. There are no doubt signals sent to the left with several personalities who were already in the place, but who win key positions. This is the case of Olivier Dussopt who as Minister of Labor will have to manage pensions; or even Brigitte Bourguignon who arrives at; Health to the place of Olivier Véran. Ultimately, we see that parity; left/right is more or less respected. However, the biggest ministries still come from the centre-right, rather than the centre-left.

The big surprise is finally the appointment of Pap Ndiaye who replaces Jean-Michel Blanquer at the helm. National Education. They are almost the only ones coming from the company. civil, is it a good message for teachers?

We note in fact that the two items concerning education have been changed. given to professionals: Pap Ndiaye, historian and university professor at; Sciences po, which clearly comes from the ranks of the left, has been named Minister of National Education and Youth and Sylvie Retailleau, high-level physicist and director of the university. Paris-Saclay takes over the Ministry of Research. This reminds us that these two ministries are very important in the eyes of Emmanuel Macron, who sees education and training as central pieces of his software.

Yet these two ministries have been the scene of many controversies orchestrated by Jean-Michel Blanquer and Frédérique Vidal. It’’s been a bit of government departments. finally save?

Indeed, if we take the case of National Education, there will undoubtedly be a contrast effect between Jean-Michel Blanquer and Pap Ndiaye. The former minister was a bit out of his field on certain topics, especially during the controversy over wokism. On the contrary, Pap Ndiaye, author of acclaimed books on the black condition will undoubtedly embody something very different.

The big surprise is also the position given. to Olivier Véran who is demoted to the rank of Minister Delegate; loaded Relations with Parliament and democratic life. However, his position is rather new. What should we expect from this wallet?

It is true that I expected to see the question of Emmanuel Macron’s new method of government being embodied in more new ministries. Basically, it is only for Olivier Véran that we see a significant change. It’s one of my surprises to see him demoted, he’s only minister delegate; while he was an emblematic minister of Covid-19, the French know him. However, « democratic life ”, çthis can be a very important point since it’s the field of public action where Emmanuel Macron’s first term remained in stand-bycompared to the announced ambitions. Olivier Véran at democratic life will have to manage the reforms of voting methods or the question of restoring confidence in political life.

The entry of the Republican Damien Abad was widely expected, but no one imagined him as Minister of Solidarity, Autonomy and Disabled People​ Ça left what as a message?

Damien Abad recovers a theme and a title of ministry who, at in my opinion, is a subject he knows very well. &Ccedil has shown that this is the type of case on which he has great sensitivity. At the same time, ça allows him to send a message to his former political family, the Republicans. This will undoubtedly allow him to attenuate the barrage of fire from some of the LRs who will shout at them. treason, under a government mission of which he knows the subject. We will have to see what we will put behind solidarity. Is it the fight against exclusion, against poverty? ? If it’s solidarity in the strong sense of the term, ça could become a very important position in government.

A less and less present civil society

S he admits that this new composition is “a government of continuity”, political scientist Roland Cayrol believes that the logic of inviting civil society to the government is now a thing of the past. “Here, Macron wanted to play with the experience gained. We are no longer in 2017, experience counts now and some have even been able to display their skills on certain files since then. From this point of view, we understand that there is more continuity from a president who has learned to govern with his political staff, ”explains the political scientist.