Photo: Jacques Nadeau Le Devoir
The Quebec figure among the four provinces that have the best retention rate of immigrants.
24 000$. This is the median salary, that earned an immigrant a year after having been admitted in 2014, the highest ever recorded since 1981. Even if it improves the overall, huge disparities persist by gender, country of origin and immigration category.
Refugees, especially, are at the lowest on the pay scale, well below the median wage at entry of$ 24,000, and there is a huge disparity between those sponsored by the State (8700 $), and those sponsored privately (19 800 $).
The salary climbs to 26 000 $ when you are a skilled worker and reached the summit of 53 000 $ in the case of a person who has had canadian work experience before admission.
“When you have no canadian work experience, we do not share any of the same place,” said Scott McLeish, one of the leaders with Statistics Canada analysts, demonstrating the importance of having a work experience in the host country.
“And the skilled workers, because they already speak French or English, have already had tools to arrive on the labour market. “
Not surprisingly, immigrants from Europe and the United States earn much more than those of Africa, the Middle East and Asia, regions from which many refugees. For example, an immigrant european had a median salary of $ 50,000 in 2015, compared to $ 30,000 for a man who came from Asia.
The skilled workers, because they speak French or English, have already the tools to arrive on the labour market
Scott McLeish, Statistics Canada
Not surprisingly, immigrant women earn less than men. And between them, the salaries vary a lot. A woman came from Europe earn 34 000 $, 10 000 $ more than an immigrant coming from Asia.
The factors explaining these disparities would, inter alia, the education, the ability to speak one of the two official languages and recognition of qualifications acquired abroad, says the bulletin of Statistics Canada on income and mobility of immigrants, a product with longitudinal data, intersecting data on immigration to those of Revenue Canada.
A good rate of retention
The Quebec figure among the four provinces that have the best retention rate of immigrants, while the Atlantic provinces are a figure of cancres.
To calculate this rate, we look at whether an immigrant arrived in a province, always declare it and live there five years later. “Overall, we see in Quebec that the trend is improving the rate of retention,” notes Victor Piché, professor emeritus in demography at the University of Montreal, a specialist on migrants.
As regards family reunification, the retention rate for the interval 2010 to 2015 is stable to 92 % in Quebec, and ranks just after Ontario. Quebec retains its skilled workers to 82 %, a stable rate, which places it in 4th position behind the Western provinces.
“We know that the economy is a bit more dynamic and strong that the quebec economy, it is sure that the labour market plays “, he explains. The language is another factor. “They don’t speak any French and don’t learn all. Someone came to Montreal to go to Toronto if he has family down there. “
Quebec has less success in integrating the refugees. In slight decline these past few years, the retention rate is 78 %. It is, however, better than 76 %, ten years ago.
“We need to be careful, because [the rate of retention] a lot depends on the composition of the group. In recent years, it is likely that it has hosted refugees lebanese, and as they are francophones, they were more likely to stay. “