She created a sculpture that became a symbol of the Soviet Union, admired at home and abroad. Today marks 130 years since the birth of Vera Mukhina. About a famous artist – in the material correspondent of “MIR 24” Anna Parbury.
Not only a sculptor. Granddaughter of Vera Mukhina Martha castle with trepidation shows sketches of costumes created by legendary grandmother. How about the designer clothes on the fly as they often are, but because of it in Paris sounded the most “a La Rus”.
“She’s with Romanovoj released a collection of apparel, received high ratings in Paris, the Grand Prix. These are things that are made of linen fabric, simple linen, of cotton fabrics, they are struck by its grace, its elegance and its taste” – said the chief researcher of the Russian state humanitarian University, doctor of arts Olga Kalugina.
In Europe Mukhina always tore ovation. And Europe was almost home. As a young girl she left there to study art. But to do back home. The image of the Russian peasant and brought her worldwide success. The woman, firmly standing on his feet, conquered the first Soviet critics, and then Italian.
“Mukhina seamlessly managed to convey a sense of the earth peasant strength. This is a kind of allegory of fertility. The woman standing there on the sheaf and sickle. And how built form – bell-shaped form, mighty arms folded on his chest, it’s all plastic, so impressed that you created the image of a powerful Russian peasant”, – said the employee of the Department of sculpture, Tretyakov gallery Larissa Badretdinova.
Straight from the Italian exhibition “Farmer” drove off to the Vatican Museum. Mukhina talking about. But the main triumph was still ahead of her.
In 37th at the world exhibition in Paris “worker and collective farm girl” by Vera Mukhina gave the Soviet Union the first victory over Nazi Germany. Then fought for the gold medal. The Soviet pavilion was built opposite the German. The hammer and sickle against the eagle with a swastika. On the opening day of “worker and collective farm girl” soared over the city.
“This flight, of course, destroyed this primitive fascist pavilion. No wonder the Paris press wrote that this is the highest achievement of sculpture of the XX century, although the twentieth century only a third passed. Picasso wrote that it inspires all the surrounding space,” – said the chief researcher, Russian state humanitarian University, doctor of arts Olga Kalugina.
The gold medal went to both of the pavilion. But visually, the Germans lost. On the way to work, Parisians welcomed the “Worker and Kolkhoznitsa” and collected signatures to keep the sculpture. But the symbol of the Soviet era was taken. Place for sculpture found at the national exhibition.
“Was the selected material is stainless steel. This application in the future. It’s not bronze, not iron, is the material for that time of the future. It was very difficult. Because this is a difficult weld. It is a complex formed parts. But then this idea will be repeated”, – said the employee of the Department of sculpture, Tretyakov gallery Larissa Badretdinova.
Inspired by the success, Mukhina was ready to create. Full of ideas, she created the designs for future monuments, but most was not destined to see the light. She sadly called them dreams on the shelf, but continued to work for the art and for the people. Beer mug, designed by Vera Mukhina, was another symbol of the Soviet time.
“Because she’s a genius, she’s the person who got a kiss from God. And it was successful. Some beautiful vases she did as she worked with glass,” said chief researcher, Russian state humanitarian University, doctor of arts Olga Kalugina.
With the money from the “Worker and Kolkhoznitsa” the widow had built this house. Here was born her granddaughter Martha castle. Years later she keeps everything related to Vera Mukhina, and dreams about the life of her legendary grandmother shot series.