China violates climate agreement, burning more coal

Китай нарушает климатические соглашения, сжигая все больше угля

While the issue of global climate security is becoming increasingly prominent, China is increasing at an unprecedented pace production of “dirty” energy based on burning coal, breaking it previous commitments in this area. In addition, according to the international Institute of energy Economics (Institute for Energy Economics and Financial Analysis IEEFA), China has become one of the largest sponsors of coal power plants abroad and financing projects with a total capacity of 399 GW in Bangladesh, Vietnam, South Africa, Pakistan and Indonesia, but only in 27 developing countries. For comparison, the capacity of working in Germany 150 coal-fired power plants is 45 GW.China has long been the world’s largest producer and consumer of coal, as well as a leader in the consumption of electricity obtained through combustion. The total capacity of coal-fired generation in China is around 1,000 GW. “Dirty” coal energy causing tremendous damage to the environment of China, many cities, including Beijing, is constantly shrouded in smog. According to international observers, to implement the Paris agreements on climate China will close more than 40% of coal-fired power plants. The reluctance of the Chinese leadership to abandon coal generation is clear: the country’s demand for electricity is huge, and without it will be impossible to implement ambitious goals for the next five years (2021-2025).While in some Western countries the trend in output of coal, and state-owned banks and international lending institutions to stop funding coal projects, electric power plants based on coal in China increased over the past year and a half in at 42.0 GW. And yet the international environmental organization noted as a positive fact that China is simultaneously investing huge money in renewable energy. So, in 2017 around the world have invested about $ 200 billion in new solar panels, wind and hydroelectric power plants, in bioenergy, of which 45% were in China. The impression that Beijing has accepted Solomonovo the decision: to increase simultaneously as dirty coal, and environmentally friendly generation. So, for the last time, the Chinese state-owned banks allocated more than $ 35 billion on coal-fired power plants and 44 billion to Finance projects for reducing CO2, including solar panels and wind turbines.At the time, China promised to the world community “energy revolution” and transition to “clean” forms of energy. Indeed, the share of coal generation in the energy balance of the country has declined from 68% in 2012 to 59% in 2018, and should reach to 55.3% in 2020. However, in absolute terms, coal generation continues to grow due to the enormous energy needs of China. Only this year the Chinese government approved the development of 40 new coal deposits.The international Agency “global energy monitor” (Global Energy Monitor) noted that the use of coal, the gap between China and other countries becomes increasingly: adopted by China’s leadership course for the development of coal generation can make impossible the Paris climate agreement. Beijing persistently carries out the program, which will create more new coal plants than all other countries combined. Overall, the massive investment of China in the coal industry led to the fact that China already accounts for half of coal generation posed by the new generation. Under construction coal plants in China have a capacity of 147 GW — more than all the coal plants in the EU and 50% more than the planned coal generation in rest of the world.In the report of the energy Institute IEEFA noted that China is not fulfilling its promises to reduce investment in the coal industry and instead actively funds relevant projects at home and abroad. For comparison, Germany is not only stops funding coal generation, but also plans to fully abandon it until 2030, although it will cost 54 billion euros. More than 30 countries have committed to phase out coal-fired generation to reduce CO2 emissions and prevent catastrophic growth temperature on the planet. The UK has recently shut down five coal-fired power plants and stop some more in the next two years.It should be noted that this policy is followed, not all Western countries. So, the US President Donald trump has lifted the restrictions on coal mining and lifted the prohibitions on development of coal deposits on Federal lands. Trump openly stated that “coal must regain its former greatness.” This is due to the fact that in the US, coal accounts for about a third of the electricity generated. Still more explicit position was taken by Poland, where the share of coal in the fuel balance exceeds 56%. Not ready to abandon coal and other Eastern European countries, where this kind of “dirty” fuel has a leading position in the energy mix. For developing countries this question is not worth their energy requirements are too great. Therefore, for the implementation of climate targets in the Paris agreement, it is premature. Obviously a bet on coal as an energy source remains practically everywhere in the modern world. In the last decade, coal plants accounted for over 40% of the electricity is the largest share compared to other types of generation.

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