DIPLOMACY In recent weeks, Washington and the European Union have feared a “military escalation” on the border between Russia and Ukraine

 Conflict in Ukraine: Why are the US and Russia framing over Kiev?

Vladimir Putin facing Joe Biden, December 7, 2021, at a virtual summit. – :/AP/SIPA

  • The conflict between the Russian separatists and the Ukrainian army has escalated for several weeks on the border between Russia and the 'Ukraine. The tension is extreme and Kiev claims that Moscow has massed thousands of soldiers in preparation for a possible invasion of the country.
  • Russia denies any belligerent inclination towards Ukraine, from which it annexed the Crimean peninsula in 2014, but categorically opposes any membership of Kiev in NATO
  • In this explosive context, the president of the United States, Joe Biden, and his Russian counterpart, Vladimir Poutin, spoke during a virtual summit of more than two hours this Tuesday. Not proposing any solution to the conflict in the short term.

A (virtual) summit that acts on tensions without really unpinning them. Wednesday, face & agrave; Vladimir Putin, Joe Biden threatened & eacute; Russia's & nbsp; & ldquo; & nbsp; & nbsp; & nbsp; & nbsp; & rdquo; economical if it & nbsp; was invading Ukraine. For his part, the Russian President demanded; in vain guarantees on a freeze on NATO's expansion. The two-hour interview would have been completed. & ldquo; & ldquo; & ldquo; useful & rdquo ;, & ldquo; to believe the advisor & agrave; security National Jake Sullivan, and & ldquo; outspoken and professional & nbsp; & rdquo;, according to the Kremlin. A vocabulary that does not evoke excessive heat, and a summit far from being able to make us affirm that the Ukraine file is about to be closed. But why so much tension around Kiev? & Nbsp; 20 Minutes takes stock.

What is happening & agrave; the border between Russia and Ukraine & nbsp ;?

Washington, NATO and Kiev accuse Moscow of massing troops & agrave; the border with Ukraine in order to attack the country. The scenario recalls 2014 and the Russian annexation of the Crimean peninsula, then the outbreak in Eastern Ukraine of an armed conflict. with pro-Russian separatists who killed more than 13,000 people in seven years. The widely regarded Kremlin as the military and financial godfather of this conflict, therefore any invasion plan. And reproach & agrave; Washington to overlook its own preoccupations: & nbsp; activity & nbsp; increased level of the NATO countries in the Black Sea, the will; Ukraine to join the Atlantic alliance and Kiev & rsquo; ambition to arm itself with the West. & nbsp; For Moscow, which wants to influence the international scene, Ukraine is a pawn on the West. ; political chiquier. The support of the Atlantic Alliance & agrave; Kiev and Ukrainian ambitions to join the organization, she said, fuel the risk of military confrontation in the region and pose a security threat. of Russia.

Is a Russian invasion possible?

Many observers, in Europe and the United States, believe that Vladimir Putin is bluffing with the deployment of forces at the borders of Ukraine, but little set aside completely the hypothesis of a attack & hellip; Since the end of October, however, videos have been circulating on social networks, showing troops, tanks and armored vehicles heading for the Ukrainian border. ; defense ensures that Russia has deployed there; approximately 115,000 military personnel and will be ready for possible escalation military at the end of January. & nbsp; Tuesday, Joe Biden assured & eacute; that the sending of American troops to defend Ukraine from a Russian attack was not & nbsp; & nbsp; & nbsp; & nbsp; & nbsp; considered.

What is the Nord Stream 2 pipeline doing in this conflict?

Long a drag for American diplomacy, the controversial gas pipeline; Nord Stream 2 between Russia and Germany, to which Joe Biden had ended up re-signing, is making a strong comeback in the game as one of the main & ldquo; & nbsp; & nbsp; & rsquo; levers & rsquo; Washington to deter Moscow from invading Ukraine. security National, Jake Sullivan, insisted; on this track & ldquo; & ldquo; & ldquo; absolutely priority & nbsp; & nbsp; & nbsp; & nbsp; & nbsp; & ldquo; & nbsp; If Vladimir Putin wants the future Nord Stream 2 to carry gas, he may not take the risk of invading the ; Ukraine. & Nbsp; & raquo; According to a former American ambassador & agrave; Kiev, William Taylor, & ldquo; & ldquo; Nord Stream 2 is a serious option & ldquo; & ldquo; & ldquo; & ldquo; & ldquo; one of the most important steps & nbsp; & rdquo; & agrave; the study, because it would allow the Biden administration to show a very strong firmness; without going to & rsquo; & agrave; cause economic seism.

Who supports whom?

Washington particularly insists on the threat of economic sanctions against the Russian regime. And assures us that they would be more painful than those which have piled up without much effect on Russia since 2014. The European Union is also ready to move forward. adopt additional sanctions against Russia, presided over Tuesday the President of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen. As for the new German Chancellor Olaf Scholz, he threatened this Wednesday of possible & ldquo; & nbsp; consequences & nbsp; & raquo; for the Nord Stream 2 & nbsp; connecting Russia & agrave; Germany in the event of an invasion of Ukraine by Russian troops. & ldquo; Our position is very clear, we want inviolability borders be respected by all, & rdquo; he declared; in his first interview after taking office, on Welt TV.

Our feature on Ukraine

France has warned Russia of & ldquo; & ldquo; strategic and massive consequences & nbsp; & rdquo; that an assault would be against Ukraine. & ldquo; Strong messages have been received. past Russia on the strategic and massive consequences that a new attack would have integrity territory of Ukraine, & rsquo ;, indicated & rsquo; the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Finally, the UK reaffirmed Wednesday his support & agrave; Ukraine and repeat that any incursion on the part of Russia would represent a & ldquo; & ldquo; & ldquo; strategic & rdquo; & rdquo ;.

S & rsquo; speaking in front of the press since Sochi, Vladimir Poutine has, him, judged; this Wednesday that Russia had the right to defend itself. & ldquo; Russia does not pursue an external policy for peace, but it has the right to protect its security, & nbsp; & rdquo ;, commented & eacute; Vladimir Poutine, believing that allowing NATO to approach its borders without taking action would be & ldquo; & nbsp; criminal & nbsp; & rsquo ;.