COVID-19 : Anxious and fearful, Italy is preparing his déconfinement

COVID-19 : Impatiente et craintive, l’Italie prépare son déconfinement

ROME | Its economy to stop its citizens locked up at home, Italy does not speak more than déconfinement, between impatience to leave and fear of a second wave of the pandemic.

“We’re back!”. On his account Instagram, the famous glacier roman Giolitti announced a resumption of its deliveries Tuesday and expresses the willingness of many to regain a sense of normalcy, even partial.

First to be affected in Europe, the country regrets more than 23 000 deaths officially recorded. But it comes out of the acute phase of the pandemic of novel coronavirus, after several weeks of confinement began on 9 march.

Day after day, the media evoke which will again soon be authorized. These speculations have pushed the government to remember this weekend, “that no change is expected” in a containment into force until 3 may inclusive.

But even the ministers mentioned the subject. “We need to give citizens greater freedom of movement,” said the vice-minister of Health, Pierpaolo Sileri.

His colleague from the Family Elena Bonnetti, suggests a partial reopening of the playground: “something needs to change in the next two weeks for our kids! Our children have the right to play!”

An economy which is suffering

The pressure is strong to start the third european economy, in great pain.

The luxury house of Gucci relaunch on Monday its research center near Florence, with a limited number of employees. Fincantieri re-opens to him all its shipyards, “very gradually”, with in a first time, a maximum of 10 % of the employees whose temperature must be taken at the entrance.

According to a study published Saturday by the Confindustria, the first employers ‘ organisation, the quasi-totality of the Italian companies (97,2 %) has suffered from the pandemic, nearly half of the way “very serious”; their turnover has fallen by a third compared to march 2019 (32.6 per cent).

According to the daily La Repubblica, the half of 23 million employees and self-employed workers should be helped by the State, a proportion bound to increase.

“In full compliance with sanitary protocols (…), it is necessary to look to the front. The word order is returning,” said Marco Marsilio, governor of the Abruzzo region.

Opponent of confinement from the beginning, the ex-prime minister Matteo Renzi has even called for a re-opening of schools, a condition that according to him the economic recovery, when the government seems to favour September.

On Facebook, the head of the government, Giuseppe Conte has insisted on the importance of a program “well-articulated, which reconciles the protection of health and the requirements of the production” for a recovery, “which keeps under control the epidemic curve and the response capacity of our hospital structures”.

If the bulk of this first pandemic wave seems to have passed, “the real issue is the return of the virus in the fall”, warns Luca Zaia, governor of Veneto region.

“Living with the virus means a rethink of the days. Non-peak hours in all phases of daily life. It is necessary to forget the streets and public transport crowded”, urges the head of the higher Institute of Health, Silvio Brusaferro.

Differences North-South

This pace of recovery will be divergent between the North, the economic engine of the country very affected by the disease, and the South, poor and relatively spared, including the health system appears ill-equipped to face a possible rebound of the pandemic.

The Lombardy and Veneto (North) want to re-open quickly? “Maybe they are more optimistic than we are. Here we will do things step by step, we can’t take risks”, warns the president of the Calabria (South), Jole Santelli.

His counterpart in Campania (South), the region of Naples, Vincenzo de Luca hopes that once the confinement is lifted, and the movements from one region to another remain prohibited, and the people of the North will be placed in quarantine.

In its strategy to prevent any renewed pandemic, Italy has increased the pace of onsite oral fluid tests (between 50 000 and 60 000 per day), and Lombardy account to start this week the serological tests on the medical staff of the cities most affected.

The application of tracing Immuni will be experienced in some regions, but will not be effective everywhere, that during the second half of may, according to the authorities.

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