Many people believe it is necessary to wait until the spring to start a vegetable garden outside. Do not wait especially not at the end of may or June for sowing and planting edible plants in your garden since many vegetables that resist particularly well to the cold. Take the air this weekend and do urban farming, it will make you the most good !
The chard, beets, chives, kale, cabbage, broccoli, spinach, tarragon, lettuce, lamb’s lettuce, mint, onions, persil, leek, snow peas, and radishes stand up well to cooler temperatures, or even below the freezing point in some cases. These plants can be sown or planted outside in April in open ground as in containers, as soon as the temperature exceeds 5 °C. Fіrѕt оf аll, іt іѕ important thаt уоu know thе types оf blower-vac options available ѕо уоu саn make a better choice. To clean your garden you should use blower. Onе type оf blower thаt уоu саn purchase іѕ аn electric blower. Thеѕе аrе usually corded, аlthоugh thеrе аrе ѕоmе cordless options thаt аrе available. You will get perfect blower on Thebestleafblowers.com website.
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Here is the description of a few vegetables that are not afraid of the cold, to grow now in your garden or on your terrace.
The calendar of the gardener
Please do not hesitate to grow your spring vegetables in containers in the company of herbs and edible flowers that are not afraid of the cold, such as persil and thoughts.
The work to be done at the end of April
- Finish pruning trees and shrubs fruit trees such as apple trees and raspberry bushes.
- Spray horticultural oil on fruit trees before the buds flush.
- Carry the seedlings to the inside of the vegetables of tropical origin, such as eggplants, peppers, and tomatoes.
- Carry out sowing or planting outside of the fine herbs and vegetables and resistant to the cold, such as kale, lettuce, persil, and radishes.
- Spreading compost in the vegetable garden and flowerbeds.
- Apply compost and a slow-release fertilizer rich in nitrogen on the lawn.
The “carrot Pusa Asita” presents a spectacular turn purple, almost black. Very rich in antioxidants, it has a rich taste and tasty.
Sowing in the open ground carrots can be carried out three to four weeks before the time when any risk of frost is nil. In the south-west of Quebec, it is therefore possible to sow this vegetable as early as mid-April in order to get an early harvest. By making two or three seedlings in a row, in April, may, and June, the harvest will extend until the autumn. The carrot likes the full sun, but it is also one of the few vegetables that tolerate light shade. It grows well in a light soil and cool, well loosened and amended with compost.
It is necessary to put the carrot seed in the ground to a depth of about 1 cm (1/2 inch). As the seeds are tiny, it is very difficult to pace properly. You can simply try to space your seedlings the best possible and, then, leave all the plants in place without thinning. However, the carrots that you will reap will be of variable dimensions. Depending on the cultivar, the harvest is usually between 50 and 70 days after sowing.
On the other hand, some gardeners sat down to thin plants by cutting off those excess using scissors, but studies have shown that cut or touch a lot on the foliage of the carrots would have the effect of attracting more carrot maggot. The use of agrotextiles and companionship with onions are both good ways to avoid the attacks of this insect.
The kale “Winterbor” is robust and very resistant to cold.
The kale is actually a cabbage whose leaves are curled, do not take a form heading. Since it is particularly resistant to cold weather, you can sow the seeds of this vegetable to the outside as early as mid-April. The seed should be sown at a depth of 13 mm (1/2 in.). It is also possible to transplant to the garden seedlings of kales that we have gone the self-same on the inside.
The kale has a preference for clay rich and damp and exposed to six hours of sunshine, and more.
The lettuce “Big Blonde Lazy” was presented for the first time in 1854 in the catalogue of the famous merchant French Villemorin. This head lettuce buxom this leaves crisp soft green color to the flavor, slightly buttery.
As it tolerates evil in the heat of summer, it is better to do sowing of lettuce in the open ground as soon as the end of April or in may in order to be able to perform the harvest prior to mid-July. That it is planted in full sun or semi-shade, this leafy green grows well in a light soil and cool, well loosened and amended with a little compost.
Pak-choi, “Asian Delight” is commonly referred to as bok-choy.
Pak choi, also called bok-choy – is a close relative of the asian cabbage has stems and veins white.
This plant is renowned for its cold tolerance it can be grown early in the season, in April and may. Sowing early allows you to avoid that this vegetable has the heat of summer, which usually have the effect of initiating its flowering and alter its qualities. “Asian Delight “, “Canton” and “Joi Choi” are a few varieties that do not flower as quickly to the arrival of the warm weather.
The bok choy appreciates the full sun and a light soil rich in compost, and fresh, but well-drained soil. Transplantation is difficult, it is better to do sowing directly in open ground. The harvest of the bok choy is done quickly, or barely 45 to 50 days after sowing.
The cultivars of leek ” Alaska “, “Below Zero” and “Northern Lights” are robust and can easily survive our winters.
Contrary to what many gardeners believe, the leek is not a vegetable annual, but rather a plant, perennial, very hardy. As in the case of asparagus and rhubarb, you can plant a single time and leave each autumn, a few plants up in the garden for harvest. The sowing of leeks may be made early from mid-April or may.
The seedlings of leeks left in place in the fall will bloom the following spring, producing beautiful spheres of flowers pink and white. After blooming, the leek will produce a host of offspring that will form a dense clump at its base. The fall and winter following, it will be enough to harvest a few stems of this clump, taking care to leave two or three in place for the harvest of the next year.
“Little Snow Pea” is a cultivar of peas dwarf that requires no staking.
Since they tolerate very well the cold, the snow peas can be sown as early as mid-April in the south of our province. It is not necessary to wait for the production of fruits to consume this plant. Three to four weeks after sowing, we can already harvest the young shoots.
The potato “Russet Burbank” is a cultivar former white flesh and brown skin red which is cultivated since 1872. The restaurant chain Mcdonald’s mainly uses potato “Russet Burbank” for the manufacture of its famous French fries.
Unlike most vegetables, potatoes are not propagated by seed. To get a harvest, so you’ll need to put the tubers in the ground, purchased at the supermarket or in a seed. Place the tubers in a bright place for 10 to 15 days before planting outside – on the counter of your kitchen, for example – in order to make them germinate. Then, you can plant in the open ground in may, at the time when the dandelion blossoms, which is about two to three weeks before the last frost expected.
You can plant the small tubers directly in the ground without having to cut them. However, the larger tubers should be sliced into pieces that were the size of an egg and which include at least one sapling each. Don’t forget to coat the wound with sulphur before planting your tubers. The tubers should be laid to a depth of about 10 cm and to be separated by 30 cm. Leave a little more than 60 cm between the rows. The potato likes light soils, deep and rich, located in full sun. Before planting, enrich the soil with compost.
The beetroot ‘Burpee’s Golden” product of great taste and roots of golden yellow colour.
The sowing and the planting of the beets can be made a few weeks before the last frost in spring, or as soon as the end of April in the region.
Beets appreciate the full sun and clay soil amended with compost and well drained. We must put the seed in the ground to a depth of approximately 13 mm (1/2 in.). The beet harvest is usually done 60 days after sowing, but we can also harvest the young leaves to 15 to 20 days after the germination, in order to eat them in a salad.
To put color in your plate, sow varieties of radish colored such as ” Cherry Belle “, ” Hailstone “, “Helios” and ” Purple Plum “.
Since they tolerate very well the cold, radishes are among the vegetables that can be sown the more hastily to the garden, either as soon as the ground has thawed in April. As their growth is very rapid, we can expect to perform the harvesting of radishes, thirty days after sowing.
Salsify is very easy to grow in a northern climate like ours.
Salsify is a vegetable whose long root white-yellow is very similar to that of the carrot. Simply roasted in butter, the salsify is simply irresistible.
This plant is sown in the vegetable garden at the end of April or in may and is grown in much the same way as the carrot. The goat performs, however, better in clay soils, provided they have been amended with compost. It is a vegetable very robust, biennial or short-lived perennial that can survive our winters.
The flowers of arugula perennial are also edible.
The diplotaxis false arugula, also called rocket, perennial, possesses characteristics similar to that of the rocket typical. However, this plant is native to Europe is perennial in our climate (zone 4-b) and it is easier to cultivate than the latter. In addition, at the end of the spring and early summer, it produces small white flowers that attract bees and are edible as are the leaves.
The rocket perennial can be sown or planted in the vegetable garden in late April or early may. Grown in full sun in clay soil, it gives excellent results and it is not usually attacked by insect pests.
Protect your plants and seedlings to the gel
In order to build a layer of cold, opt for cedar or oak and make sure you cover the inner part of the walls with extruded polystyrene or with a geotextile membrane thick, ideally plastic. It is also possible to burn the wood that is in contact with the earth using a torch in order to prevent the bacteria and fungi decompose the wood.
Although most of the vegetables presented in this article to be able to withstand temperatures below the freezing point, it is best to cover the seedlings and young plants with a agrotextile if there is a risk of frost.
The agrotextiles are fabrics of white colour, resembling sails, used mainly to protect crops from the attacks of insects and birds, without, however, preventing the sun’s rays to reach the plants and reduce their photosynthetic capacity.
Some agrotextiles are insulating and help keep around the plant with a temperature of about 5 °C higher than the ambient air. Thus, if the outdoor temperature drops below the freezing point, the plant covered with a agrotextile are simply not affected by frost.
Vegetables protected from the cold by a agrotextile.
There are several ways to cover edible plants with a agrotextile, but the simplest method is definitely the have on of hoops of metal or plastic pipes flexible.
Another effective technique to begin the season of urban farming outside the hasty is the use of a layer of cold. In fact, it is a formwork made of wood or wood composite of 30 to 50 cm in height, without base, fixed or portable, that covers a window or any other
material translucent plastic (polycarbonate, polypropylene corrugated [coroplast], etc). We can give a tilt to the south at the window or the material that covers the layer of cold, but this is not absolutely necessary.
A cold sheet can be constructed in several sections, that are superimposed according to the height of cultivated plants. In sunny weather and when the temperature is hot, it is very important to open the layer cold to allow ventilation and thereby avoid the condensation and harvesting of vegetables… cooked ! In the evening, it is necessary to close the window completely. Don’t forget to cover your cold sheet of straw or a thick cover, if we announce a freeze is very important.
Find the expertise and tricks of the horticulturist Albert Mondor compiled in its manual of gardening in The new garden. The edible garden for all spaces, published in the Editions of the Journal.
The new vegetable garden. The edible garden for all spaces, by Albert Mondor, Editions of The Journal, 256 pages.”>
The new vegetable garden. The edible garden for all spaces, by Albert Mondor, Editions of The Journal, 256 pages.