“Dependency approach”: how to “restart” relations with NATO may affect the combat readiness of the APU

Defense Minister of Ukraine Andriy Zagorodnyuk said that the country “restart” of relations with NATO and moves to the “new format” of cooperation. The priority for the APU will be the implementation of the standards of the Alliance, and all aimed at this program will be consolidated into one. The Ukrainian journalists note that “new format” is intended to open the way to state integration into NATO bypassing of the action Plan for membership (map). According to experts, the current Ukrainian authorities continue the policy of the previous administration, promoting the idea of the necessity of joining the military Alliance. However, they are afraid of another refusal on the request for the inclusion in the map and looking for other ways to avoid a diplomatic failure.

«Иждивенческий подход»: как «перезапуск» отношений с НАТО может повлиять на боеготовность ВСУ

Ukrainian soldier at a NATO exercise Rapid Trident — 2019 © U.S. Amministr defense of Ukraine Andriy Zagorodnyuk reported on progress with NATO the agreement on the launch of a new format of relations. According to him, to the end of the year Kiev and representatives of the Alliance should sign complex agreements.

“We have a format to work with NATO, to make it more practical. We expect that the first documents will be signed this year,” said Zagorodnyuk after the meeting of defense Ministers of the Alliance in Brussels.

As explained Zagorodnyuk, a new format of cooperation involves the reduction of all existing programs aimed at introducing NATO standards into one.

Priority of relations with NATO will remain the transition of Ukrainian army to Western standards in order to achieve “full interoperability with NATO.” In particular, Kiev plans to reform the structure of the General staff and change the statutes.

Describing current relations with the Alliance, Zagorodnyuk said that Ukraine in Brussels, “see, partner”. The defense Minister stressed that the military Alliance continues to support Kiev.

“We have support, and if earlier it was getting help, now is the exchange of experience. We have the experience, we received the tragic way: it’s five years of war with Russia. None of these countries has no such experience, and we hope that will not happen. They understand that we can not give them less than they needed us,” said the head of the defense Ministry of Ukraine.

“The imitation of cooperation”

At the end of October on a visit to Ukraine there will arrive the Secretary General of NATO Jens Stoltenberg and other members of the Alliance leadership. Foreign guests will visit Kiev and Odessa, Ukrainian media reported with reference to Ukraine’s permanent representative at Alliance Alexander Vinnikov.

According to him, Stoltenberg will take part in the meeting of the Commission Ukraine — NATO. The diplomat said the visit of the delegation of the Alliance demonstrated the support of the country.With reference to the sources of the Ukrainian edition of “the European truth” reports that at present, Brussels and Kiev agree on the project of Ukraine’s integration to bypass the adoption of the action Plan for NATO membership (map). In this, as the newspaper writes, is the meaning of “new format” of relations. According to the journalists, basically it will change “approach to how Ukraine will adapt to NATO standards” in its armed forces.

The lack of a map is the main obstacle for Ukraine on the way of joining the Alliance. In early 2008, Kiev sent Brussels a letter with a request to connect the country to the map, however, the military unit left Ukrainian government with no response. In April of the same year at the Alliance’s summit in Bucharest, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Belgium and the Netherlands did not support Ukraine’s desire to join the ranks of the organization.

The current government is not going to re-submit an application for inclusion in the map. Such behaviour of Kiev due to the reluctance to endure another diplomatic fiasco, expressed his opinion in an interview with RT the head of the Department of political science and sociology REU named after Plekhanov Andrey Koshkin.

“The team Zelensky realize that the prospects of granting map no. The West over this document to quarrel with Moscow will not. So now we see the imitation of cooperation with the Alliance, such as the information noise around the transition towards the NATO standards. It does occur, but this is a very lengthy and costly process,” said Koshkin.

«Иждивенческий подход»: как «перезапуск» отношений с НАТО может повлиять на боеготовность ВСУ

Joint classes APU soldiers and NATO troops Flickr © Ministry of Defense of Ukraine

Closed doors

One of the last actions of Kiev, linked to the process of integration into NATO was the adoption by the Verkhovna Rada in mid-October, the draft law “On amendments to some legislative acts of Ukraine on the execution of the military duty and military service”. The document introduces new titles for privates and sergeants like those used in the U.S. army.

The bill was prepared similar to Petro Poroshenko politicians — the ex-Chairman of Parliament Andriy Parubiy and his Deputy Irina Gerashchenko. Despite this, the document was supported by their opponents, the deputies of the faction “servant of the people”.
In an interview with RT, President of the Center for system analysis and forecasting Rostislav Ishchenko noted that the issue of relations with NATO command Zelensky demonstrates the continuity of the regime of Petro Poroshenko. According to him, “servant of the people” will continue to receive bills for the country’s integration into NATO, including those initiated by the previous convocation of Parliament.

“Ukraine is moving that way, which she joined in 2014. Now on the part of official Kiev, we are seeing the same Pro-Western Russophobic rhetoric. Zagorodnyuk and other representatives of the country’s leadership continue to feed the people with tales about the support of the Alliance and fabrications about the invaluable military experience that Ukraine is ready to share with NATO” — said Ishchenko.

As explained by the expert, Kiev is trying to prove to the citizens of the country “usefulness” of Ukraine to the Alliance, although earlier Zelensky and his entourage followed a more cautious position. In March in interview to journalist Dmytro Gordon on the question of whether Ukraine to join NATO, the future President said the following: “I never go to visit, if I’m not called”.

According to Zelensky, he did not like the feeling of “inferiority” and “inferiority”. Then he said that he supports integration into NATO, advocated the adoption of specific measures in this way. At the same time, he criticized Poroshenko for the fact that his predecessor had secured a PR, securing in the Constitution of the country on course for membership in the Alliance.

In September, Vice Prime Minister of Ukraine for European and Euro-Atlantic integration Dmitry Kuleba with an interview with Ukrainian journalists said that Kiev does not make sense “to knock on closed doors, begging, “Take us.” According to him, the authorities “should work so that they (members of NATO. — RT) I realized that without us, they are weaker than us.”

«Иждивенческий подход»: как «перезапуск» отношений с НАТО может повлиять на боеготовность ВСУ

The President of Ukraine Vladimir Zelensky and NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg © president.gov.odnako and Zelensky, and Kuleba changed point of view on the issue of relations with NATO. In June at the meeting with the Secretary General of the military block Jens Stoltenberg, the President of Ukraine noted that the current “partnership” between Kyiv and the Alliance should be transformed into “full Alliance”.

In mid-October in an interview to Ukrainian journalists Kuleba made clear that Kiev intends to strengthen relations with NATO. In this regard, the official said, “the whole country needs to change in order to meet the criteria of membership.”

Rostislav Ishchenko called natural change of position Zelensky and Kuleba. As the expert explained, a reasonable view on the issue of relations with NATO could cause a surge of discontent of the radicals and a wave of accusations of “betrayal” of national interests.

“The current political reality of Ukraine is that any came to power people in defiance of common sense needs to promote the country’s accession to the Alliance and, as zagorodniuk from time to time to tell you about a new format of relations,” — said Ishchenko.

“Sit on the neck of the West”

As suggested by Andrey Koshkin, Kiev hopes that the transition to NATO standards will significantly increase the combat capabilities of the APU. “In Ukraine, the introduction of NATO standards is perceived as a panacea for all problems. However this is a mistaken view. Technical requirements and changes to the system of command and control is necessary primarily for interoperability. The combat readiness of the army such innovations are not directly affected,” stated the cat.

In confirmation of these words the interlocutor of RT cited the situation with the combat readiness of the troops, which developed in the Eastern European member countries of NATO, formerly the Organization of the Warsaw contract (OVD). Their integration into the Alliance, as the expert noted, has not led to growth of military capabilities.

Meanwhile, Rostislav Ishchenko else looks at the challenges posed in front of Kyiv’s relations with Brussels. The expert believes that under the pretext of transition to the standards of the military unit office Zelensky expects to get from NATO the allocation of large-scale military assistance. However, Brussels did not welcome such a “dependency approach”.

“Ukraine spends a lot of money to reform the army. There is the annual US aid of $250 million, but these funds still not enough. Kiev sees Euro-Atlantic integration as a way to get West neck. However, Ukraine has achieved the opposite effect: the EU and the USA distanciruemsa from Kiev and all its problems,” concluded Ishchenko.Alex Nakvasin, Elizaveta Komarova

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