Photo: Spencer Platt, Getty images Agence France-Presse
Following terrorist attacks, governments are strengthening their national security by increasing the presence of armed forces.
Paris, London, Barcelona or even New York, police officers and armed military are now part of the landscape. Targeted by terrorist attacks to repeat, the western countries have strengthened their national security by increasing the presence of armed forces in the streets. Emergency measures that give little results for counter terrorism, believes the author Dominique Boisvert.
“People need to see that governments are doing something, because they need to feel safe. But is the military presence really helps in the fight against terrorism ? No ! “says the author of the book non-violence. A weapon of urgent and effective, which has won the bookstores in quebec this month.
Through the 120 pages of his essay, Dominique Boisvert wants to convince the readers, with examples and supporting studies, that non-violence is more effective to counter the conflicts of the 21st century : wars, terrorism, international migration, economic crisis or even climate change.
“For all the world, it goes without saying that terrorism is fought by the war, the measures of exception and the increase of the military budgets, but this is false ! “says the author met by The Duty around a café, in Montreal.
Terrorism is ” the weapon of the poor “, those who have only a few resources are available — the proliferation of attacks to the vehicle aries testifies, the heavy artillery of the armed forces is ” totally useless “, according to him.
“A police officer armed is useful in front of a parcel bomb or a truck crazy ? No ! “he said, estimating that the vigilance of citizens who can report a suspicious package or denounce a relative to the words or behaviors radicalized are the gestures much more emphatic. Establish more just societies and erase the inequalities would exacerbate the conflict, according to him.
Based on the u.s. study, Why Civil Resistance Works, published in 2011, he recalled that, on average, ” a non-violent struggle [has] two times more likely to achieve its objectives, in whole or in part, that a violent struggle “. The success of non-violent actions amounting to 50 % compared to only 25 % of violent struggles.
But he notes, with regret, that non-violence has a bad press, seen as ” an attitude of passivity, of weakness, of fear, of resignation, or even of cowardice “, in contrast to the military force that reflects courage and heroism. “However, it is also difficult and courageous battle with bare hands,” adds Mr. Boisvert.
People need to see that governments are doing something, because they need to feel safe. But is the military presence really helps in the fight against terrorism ? No !
Dominique Boisvert, author
A State without an army
In his opinion, companies should rather replace their armies with simple “security forces” of the attitudes non-violent. A change has already been adopted by some thirty States in the world, including Costa Rica, Iceland, or Panama.
“Imagine what we could do, to fight hunger, disease or illiteracy in the world, with a mere fraction of this annual expenditure, the unnecessary [buried in the bates-violent] ? “questions there.
Nonviolence. A weapon of urgent and effective
Dominique Boisvert, Écosociété, Montréal, 2017, 120 pages