PHOTO : MIR / Alan Kaziev
June 14 is world blood donor day. According to who statistics, in the transfusion of blood and its components at least once in their life needs every third inhabitant of the Earth. Russia is one of the first in the list of countries by number of “honourable donors”. People who made more than 40 donations of blood or more than 60 donations of plasma. About who helps with the blood and what it takes to become a donor, found out the correspondent of “MIR 24” Hope Serezhkin.
Behind his shoulders 111 of lives saved. For the first time in the donation center Dmitry came June 21, 2011, the day when he was 18. Since he donates blood once a month, for eight consecutive years. Says: the desire to help people is in his blood.
“My grandfather was a physician and surgeon. He operated and was faced with when blood is not enough. His wife, my grandmother, my mother, my uncle, we are all honorary blood donors,” said the honourable donor of Russia Dmitry Sokolov.
Inheritance Dmitry has passed the most common group is the first. In hospitals it always needed: a liter of donated blood can save up to six patients. People with diseases of the bone marrow who have suffered from injuries and burns, the patient’s hospitals and neonates with anemia.
“Pre-made application from the clinic gives 100 percent guarantee to us that only the component of the blood, with the desired phenotype, and a group with RH. They determine the patient’s blood, fenoterol her, and according to that they identified, they make application to us,” said head of Department of preparation and fractionation of blood FMBA Russia Yaroslav Glazov.
But Vladislav blood brothers one-on 250 thousand. The fourth negative – people with this group and the RH “universal” donors. Their blood is appropriate for patients with any other group, but they themselves need “native”, a rare fourth.
“I passed the tests and knowing how rare is it, I thought I have to pass and help people though so. It takes 15 to 20 minutes. No side effects, maybe a little dizzy,” said the donor Vladislav Teterin.
Russia is one of the leaders in the world in number of donors – 900 thousand people. In a year, they give 120 million doses of the blood and blood components – leukocytes, platelets, and plasma.
The donor room is equipped with a special centrifuge to separate blood. This is the most important and time-consuming procedure – the collection of platelets. These cells are necessary for the patients before and after chemotherapy or lack of their cells.
Someone else’s blood saved and each day continues to save 19-year-old Alla. A year ago the girl was diagnosed with lymphoma – a cancer of the lymphatic system. During this time she underwent six cycles of chemotherapy.
“Blood transfusion about four times, I guess. Platelets are probably the same, and the plasma separately needed to recover the indicators,” said a patient of blood transfusion of the clinical hospital No. 52 Alla Yurina.
At the hospital, the girl met with their donors personally. Now wants to recover and to donate blood to help others.