Estadão: all BRICS countries involved in world’s greatest game, but what about Brazil?

Estadão: все страны БРИКС вовлечены в серьезную мировую игру, а как же Бразилия?

The emergence in 2006 of abbreviations BRICS supported the idea of redistribution of global power, which until then had been concentrated in the hands of the United States of America and the European bloc. It was about the importance and new role of “emerging markets” of this group, which, however, was assessed in the framework of the established order. Redistribution of power has really occurred and is still ongoing — though not at the expense of what the BRICS countries made up as a single “block” and not as we had imagined it.It is interesting to note that at recent meetings of BRICS leaders in focus is technological and trade cooperation between the two countries, and not exciting geopolitical issues. And could it be otherwise? Because of the five-member bloc gathered today in Brazil, three countries (China, India and Russia) is in today’s competition for increasingly controversial global redistribution of power, the Central place, while the other two (South Africa and Brazil) are on the periphery.Each in his own way, China and Russia are the main revisionist forces that made a decisive contribution to the elimination of international “deep peace” that lasted 25 years, from the fall of the Berlin wall in 1989 and before the annexation of Crimea by Moscow in 2014. The aggressive approach of the “revisionists”, characterized by the features of nationalism, indicates a continuity between the world of the cold war (1946-1989) and the world that appears again after these 25 years of “deep peace” — the so-called period of “after the cold war”.As in the cold war era, in today’s world dominated by fierce competition between the major powers, who are fighting for strengthening their own security. 2014 power again build the relations with each other with an eye to possible armed conflict. That is, after a period of a lull in the race for the security of international relations again resemble what they have always been.”Revisionists” do not see the United States as much danger as before, especially after the severe financial crisis of 2008. In Europe and Asia (and recently in the middle East), Russia and China have border and the strength of the American alliances and, increasingly, they throw an open challenge (in a sense this is not without the help of trump). Not that relations between China and Russia or between India and China — were smooth, but these countries share the desire to challenge the two pillars of the American right for the last 70 years: we are talking about the international rules and the protection of democracy as a universal value.Today, South Africa and Brazil have to find a place in this much more dangerous, unstable and unpredictable multipolar world. South Africa has to contend with China for influence in its immediate region. In addition, they with Brazil unites a degree of internal crisis, which seems to not leave these giants of the southern hemisphere of the ability to focus on anything but their own problems.In the case of Brazil the loss of significance and of regional leadership, which became apparent mainly after the second term of Dilma — which increased a strange idea of confrontation “North — South” — evident in all the recent episodes of clashes and confusion with neighboring countries over which in fact could keep the Brazilian influence. It seems that in the current Venezuelan events Putin has more weight than Brazil.In the photo participants of the big game, which involved the BRICS countries, Brazil is in the far corner. It is not a stage, part of or decisive power of any of the major conflicts that redistributes global power. Spectacular sayings in social networks or “automatic Association”, which the government itself offers against Washington, will not be called pillars of foreign policy. Brazil is not only chasing a lost leadership: considering the speed the world changes, it seems, is still searching for its role.

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