The lifestyle and habitat of field mice.
Of mice rarely speak in a respectful tone. They are usually described as poor, timid, but very harmful rodents. Field mouse is no exception, informs Rus.Media.
This little animal can significantly spoil the harvest in the garden, and the house to chew a hole in the floor. Field mice resemble normal mice and rats. The muzzle of the residents of the fields smaller, and the ears and tail short.
Characteristics and habitat of a field mouse
Animals themselves belong to the big family of rodents and the hamster subfamily. Field mice there are more than 140 species. Almost all have their differences, but there are some common traits:
- small size (body length of 7 centimeters);
- short tail (2 cm);
- a small weight (15 mg);
- 16 teeth without roots (on the site of an extracted tooth will grow new).
While fossil rodents was detected in roots, but in the evolution of the field verification it was lost. A typical representative is considered a normal field mouse. It is a small rodent (up to 14 inches) with a brown back and gray belly. Lives near swamps, river and alkalis. In winter it prefers to move into people’s homes.
Some species of field mice living under the earth (for example, slepushenko). Muskrats, on the contrary, lead a semi-aquatic lifestyle. While the most common terrestrial representatives. For example, forest rodents are among the most popular are:
- red field mouse ;
- the red-gray field mouse ;
- red field mouse.
All three types of different mobility, they can climb on the bushes and small trees. In the tundra you can “meet” with the lemmings and lemnge that also belong to this subfamily.
The people of Mongolia, Eastern China, Korea and the Far East was less fortunate. Their economy is hurting a large field mouse.
This grayish-brown mouse reaches the size of 17 inches. Its tail grows to 7.5 inches. To meet a large rodent on the marshes, near rivers and in houses.
Overall, we can say that the beasts of the field live almost everywhere except in the tropics. True honor and respect, they don’t use anywhere else. Although in ancient times it was believed that if the house was infested mouse is a “good” home with income. But if the animals ran away from the house, the owners were expecting trouble.
Character and lifestyle field mouse
Interestingly, the little pests don’t like being alone. They live in large colonies in shallow burrows. Most mice are afraid of predators such as ferrets, foxes, owls and weasels. In the homes of their main enemy is the cat.
Rodents are prepared in advance for cold weather. Field mice do not hibernate and leading an active lifestyle throughout the year. In winter, field mice feed stocks out of the gate. It can be seeds, grains, nuts. Most animals do not have the blanks, which is why they run into people’s houses.
However, they are not always in the house fall accident. Sometimes the rodents of the plant as ornamental Pets. An animal can live in a small cage with a metal grid filled with sawdust.
One male usually has 2-3 females. In the winter mice are encouraged to transfer into the cells a little more and leave in unheated areas.
Experts recommend pet from time to time to show the vet, field mice often are carriers of infectious diseases (including tularemia and hemorrhagic fever).
Data of rodents used for research purposes. Biological and medical experiments are often carried out over the steppe vole, field mouse. If the apartment is mice infested “illegally”, you should contact the station. Field mice are very active breed and can significantly damage the property.
The owners of such an unusual pet like a field mouse should know a pet requires a balanced diet. The diet for the day should include:
- fresh raw water.
Those who only want to buy the mouse, it should be understood that it is a very voracious rodents, they are capable of in a day to eat the food more your weight.
Many who believe that in nature, the field mouse is omnivorous. However, it is not so. The “menu” is directly dependent on place of residence. For example, the steppe animals feed on grasses and plant roots. In the meadow rodents choose juicy stems and all sorts of berries. Wood mice eat the young shoots and buds, mushrooms, berries and nuts.
Almost all types of mice will not abandon small insects and larvae. Water field mouse, for reasons unknown, loves the potatoes and root vegetables. In General, fruits and vegetables from the gardens is the favorite food of almost all the field mice.
Rodents in large numbers can cause irreparable harm to the economy. In apartments and houses mouse eat all that I could steal: bread, straw, cheese, sausage, vegetables.
Reproduction and life expectancy
Not to say that it is extremely harmful creating. In nature, they are an important link in the food chain. No mice would starve a lot of predators, including marten, Fox.
The houses, all the same, wild field mice better to keep away. It is very prolific rodents. In a natural environment for one year the female can bear from 1 to 7 litters. And each will have 4-6 small mice. Under greenhouse conditions the animals multiply more actively.
The pregnancy itself lasts no more than a month. Mice already after 1-3 weeks. In captivity mouse becomes sexually Mature at 2-3 months. Pets little earlier.
The age of these rodents short-lived, and rarely survives the mouse under two years of age. However, during this short period, the field mouse can give birth to about 100 babies. That is a pack from one mouse could completely destroy the root reserves for winter and other products.
Despite the fact that field mice are fertile, some species listed in the Red book.