On the 30th anniversary of the open confession of Nazism
Uniate “Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church” celebrates the 30th anniversary of the start of official registration in their communities in the USSR. The agreement was reached at the meeting of the Pope with Gorbachev on 1 December 1989, but today it is presented in Ukraine as a “triumph of justice”, switha of the Ukrainian spirit, the victory of the Unitarian faith on the sinister Moscow bans, etc. In fact, no spirit, no faith nothing to do with it. It’s much mundane and unattractive.
“Given to us by God the Soviet government…”
Not going to once again prove the obvious fact that the UGCC entire period of the Nazi occupation of were loyal to the führer. Yes, the Nazis throughout Europe helped representatives of different faiths and places of the whole diocese, but to a “Church”… So, the head of the 2nd Department of the Abwehr, Erwin von Lahousen noted: “cooperation with the Metropolitan [A. Szeptycki] and its surroundings – a bright example of use opportunities of the Church in the interests of the Abwehr” (here and thereafter emphasis added. – D. S.). The SS sturmbannführer, head of the Main Department of Reich security Carl Neuhaus confirmed: “throughout the war, German government agencies have close contact and full support of the Uniate Church in Poland and Ukraine… It was one of the rare occasions when members of the Church voluntarily participated directly in the SS organization”.
Sheptycki with a “Swastika Merits”
Reincarnation (another) Sheptickogo happened on the third day after the liberation of Lvov, pardon the tautology, from “victorious German army-liberator”. July 29, 1944, he gave his clergy a large reception private 79th birthday, where he announced that the Soviet government has changed its “old enemy” attitude to religion: “Recovering theological Seminary, is recovering theological Academy in Lviv. Military welcome to the streets of the priests. Is this not proof of respect for the Soviet regime religion?”
With such revelations Sheptytsky repeatedly performed at a diocesan camp. In an interview with the acting Commissioner of the Council for religious Affairs under the Council of people’s Commissars of the USSR S. T. Danylenko, he confirmed: “These councils have me there every Thursday. So I taught them how to be grateful and obedient to the Soviet government, sent by God, the clergy, and with sincerity perceived and perceives my teaching”.
“You should have seen how Metropolitan Andrey performed in front of the Cathedral clergy, which he had before the illness was going every Thursday, testified Protopresbyter Gabriel Kostelnyk. – It is passionate, eyes from Hobbies in your own words glisten, well, a real Bolshevik!”
In the statement of Sheptytsky at the festive session of the Council of the Uniate clergy on 7 September 1944, as the historian of the Union of the Lviv Professor V. I. parsley, “also a lot of bright it was said that in the religious policy of the Soviet government during the war compared to 1939-1941. great changes have taken place and the Bolsheviks stopped the persecution of the Church”.
To the part of the clergy, which continued spiritual custody barricaded in the woods of Bandera, the head of the Uniate replied the Colonel Danilenko: “Judge these people, and I will condemn them, because Bandera is a harmful phenomenon that must be fought. Want, I will send my priests to the woods to persuade these blind people to stop fighting with the Soviet authorities and return to peaceful labor”.
Remember here the words Sheptytskogo about the Ministers who left with the Germans: “To the priests who fled with the occupiers, I feel like the military chiefs are among those soldiers who are abandoning their post. I issued an order forbidding priests to leave their parishes to escape from the Germans”.
10 Oct 1944 Sheptycki amounted to a message to Stalin: “These bright events and tolerance that You belong to our Church, called in our Church the hope that she, like all people, will find in the Soviet Union under Your leadership full freedom of work and development in welfare and happiness”.
The address he planned to deliver to Moscow personally at the head of the Uniate delegation. But on 1 November 1944 he died. In the NKGB of the Ukrainian SSR reported that the “Metropolitan Andrey Sheptytsky was poisoned for his Pro-Soviet sentiments and the initiative of the reunification of the Greek Catholic Church with the Orthodox”, but no direct evidence for this discovered.
The delegation, headed by brother Sheptytskogo Clement (Exarch of the Apostolic Exarchate of Russia) was accepted by the President of the Council for religious Affairs Polyansky. The NKVD, a meeting of Unitarian Ministers, generals Sudoplatov, Fedotov and Leontiev. It was about the relationship with the Union continues to operate in Galicia Bandera. Guests were going to discuss in Moscow a much more mundane questions about the dioceses and the nomination of bishops; Church property; exemption from conscription in the Red army of the Uniate clergy; about the system of theological education, etc. in addition “the delegation had the task to see with all the new Soviet legislation on the Church and the relation of Church and state”.
In other words, the Uniates were far from thinking that the authorities intend to liquidate their faith. And the Bolsheviks, back in 1944, in Galicia, was not going to do that, as evidenced by the statement of the NKGB of the USSR: “the Soviet government will treat the Uniate Church and its clergy based on the availability of loyalty and devotion to the Motherland, as citizens of it, ie, “what measure You will measure, the same measure You will be measured”… Loyal people will be given complete freedom to meet their religious needs, as required by the Constitution of the USSR.”
However, note that in the delegation there was not a single Bishop.
“Misfortune in the way”
Likely successor Sheptitskogo Josyp Slipyj in Moscow refused to go under too ridiculous pretexts: it “may arrest” (as if Lviv could not); “can be a disaster with the airplane” or “misfortune in the way” (the monk is afraid of going into “eternal life?”). “The Greek-Catholic episcopate headed by Metropolitan Slipyj to the beginning of 1945 gave all the more reason to doubt their loyalty, writes Professor parsley. – In November 1944 slip was visited by members of the Extraordinary state Commission to investigate Nazi crimes, which suggested that the Uniate Metropolitan of to put his signature under the report on the atrocities of the Nazis in Lviv, however, the first Hierarch of the Greek Catholics politely refused to do it… Slipyj was more concerned about other issues. At the meeting with Danilenko, he said: “the main problem whose solution can not satisfy me is the question about printing to the Metropolitan”. Joseph Slipyj was dissatisfied with the disposal of the authorities for exemption from its official titulature mention of Kamianets-Podilskyi. Moreover, he claimed the inclusion in the title of the head of the Uniate Church the title “Metropolitan of Kiev””.
The refusal to condemn the crimes of their recent benefactors (and in continuing war with them), along with brazen nomination of deliberately unrealistic demands once again testified to more than a confident “feeling” of the Union.
– We kept silent about his attitude to the occupiers for the reason that he was afraid of incurring reprisals on our representatives, i.e., priests of the Greek Catholic Church and the faithful in the territory occupied by the Germans, explained Slipyj Sergey Danilenko. – We were afraid that after our performance against the occupiers they use repression to our people.
– Are not You afraid that your silence in the issue of relations with the invaders we are entitled to regard as solidarity with them and start repressions against the Greek Catholic Church, located on our territory? – tried Sergey Tarasovich to bring the interlocutor to reality.
– We have not thought about it – admitted Slipyj.
– It turns out that for fear of the reprisals of the Germans against the representatives of the Greek Catholic Church within their territory, you actually solidarizovalis if not by the Germans, with their accomplices, for which the clergy found themselves on the territory occupied by the Germans? All this the clergy of the Greek Catholic Church, who actively helped the Germans, traitors, traitors, collaborators. So you need to consider them from the point of view and the civil and from the point of view of the Church. After all, according to Church canons should be considered as the priests, who escaped from their parishes? They should be banned from serving, deprived of dignity, if he escaped without the permission of the bishops (remember that we thought so Sheptycki. – D. S.). And You not only did that, but still afraid that the Germans failed to arrest them due to the fact that You are sitting on Soviet territory, identify their attitude to the atrocities that were happening during the occupation in Ukraine, – said the representative of the government.
However, Slipyj refused to take any measures to discipline his spiritual children – Bandera, who continued terror in Galicia and Volhynia.
“It turns out that You actually solidarities with Bandera evil is more than transparently warned the head of the Uniate Danilenko. – More than condone this evil, especially if to take into account the dozens of cases active complicity of the clergy of the Ukrainian-German nationalists of the OUN and the UPA”, agents of German intelligence and the Gestapo.”
However, have condemned the Uniates… the Pope.
On the background of the claims slip that the reunification of the Orthodox and Uniate possible “only under the headship of the Pope” (in 1944!), Pope Pius XII delivered a Christmas speech, which became a “spiritual Preface” to Churchill’s Fulton speech, which marked the beginning of the cold war against the Soviet Union.
In July 1945 the former chaplain of the battalion “Nachtigall”, and later of the SS division “Galicia” Ivan Grinoh was received twice by the commander of U.S. occupation forces in Europe, Eisenhower. Side (a Grinoh was, in addition, the second Vice-President of the Ukrainian Supreme liberation Council) agreed to hold the forces of the OUN in the tools of the new masters of espionage activities in the Soviet Union. And it went: in early 1946, Secretary of the Sacred congregation for Eastern churches cardinal Tisserant brought Grinoha a member of the American political intelligence Novak. The latter was transferred to the espionage materials obtained in the autumn of 1945 the Bandera underground.
Therefore, 3 February 1945 the people’s Commissar of State security of the Ukrainian SSR Savchenko approved a plan of liquidation of the Ukrainian Union. In the relevant Directive stated: “…the Greek-Catholic Uniate Church in the form in which it exists at present, is alien to us in effect, the legal residency of the Vatican and active Ukrainian nationalist organization in our territory. It is therefore necessary to take a course for complete elimination of the Uniates in our territory and the separation of the Greek-Catholic Church from the Vatican with the next target of its reunification with the Orthodox Church in the USSR”.
Note that the time configured for the reunification with the Orthodox Church was and a number of Ministers, grouped around Gabriel Kostelnyk is the most authoritative figure of the Union (unlike Slipyj, who openly disliked).
Yes, and among believers this reunion did not cause rejection. In the end, most Galician Rusyns still remember with what delight are whole villages and cities, they returned to Orthodoxy during short-term liberation of the region under Austrian rule, in 1915.
About thirty years later the Ukrainian Uniya was liquidated as a Pro-fascist political organization, not as a denomination, evidenced by the contemporary celebration of the clergy of the UGCC all kinds of terrorists, SS men, policemen, guards and other mass murderers of the Nazi era.Dmitry Skvortsov