The Earth’s population is steadily aging, found experts in the field of demography.
At the end of 2018, the number of elderly people for the first time in history exceeded the number of children.
According to the UN, now the world is home to 705 million people older than 65 years and 650 million children under five, reports .
Experts warn that by 2050 the gap will become even more significant – the elderly will more than double the babies.
This trend is typical for developed countries. Life expectancy is increasing, and the number of children in families becoming smaller, many of the refuse of childbirth.
A report from the Institute for health metrics at the University of Washington States that approximately half of the countries the birth rate is below replacement level.
So, in 1960, one woman had about five children, in 2018, only 2.4. The average life expectancy has increased from 52 to 72 years.
According to demographers, this situation is unhealthy and will negatively affect the entire global community – in the first place, will increase the burden on the pension system and health also will slow down economic growth.
“What is our life? Game!”“World mind games”: the premiere of “the World” the Most obvious example of an aging population is Japan, with the proportion of elderly in this country is 27%, and children of 3.85%. A notable imbalance is also observed in China: 10.6% of seniors and 6% children.
In Italy (second only to Japan the oldest country in the world) older people make up 23% of the population, in the third place, the European Union (19.7 percent). In Russia this figure is 14.1 percent.
High fertility persists in African countries. Thus, in Niger, one woman has in average 7.2 child. But there are marked and the world’s highest child mortality rates.
Experts warned that although the population of the planet as a whole is growing, the number of residents in a number of countries may significantly decrease in the coming decades, and the authorities should take measures to mitigate future negative effects.
Earlier it was reported that by 2040, life expectancy will increase by 4.4 years for men and women.