Frequent urge to go to the toilet, as they say, small is much more manifest among the ladies. They may be accompanied by burning sensation during urination, lower abdominal pain. All these are indications that you’ve developed cystitis. In the article we will explain why it occurs, what the symptoms are torturing women and how to cope with this unpleasant disease.
The causes of cystitis
Cystitis is an inflammatory disease of the bladder. It is triggered by infection and more often occurs in summer. The reason for that can be wet swimwear, dehydration, unprotected sex, and even air conditioning.
It is noteworthy that in women this problem occurs much more often than men. The reason is anatomical features. The fact that in women the urethra is shorter and wider than men, therefore there is a more favorable environment for penetration of pathogens. Also female urethra in women is closer to the anal passage, which increases the risk of infectious-inflammatory process. The causative agent is Escherichia coli (E. coli), which is normal found in the rectum.
Imagine a situation which appears very often in the summer. You arrive at the resort, the beach or just spend a weekend on the river. Today everything was fine, but the next day you can feel the first signs of cystitis. The reason is the wet swimsuit, which is a gathering of harmful bacteria, can penetrate into the urinary system and cause inflammation. Therefore, the advice of doctors about the change of underwear after a swim are not unfounded in nature. You should comply with this requirement to wet swimsuit not to cause supercooling of the pelvic organs, reducing the level of local immunity, has not caused the activation of pathogenic bacteria and did not lead to cystitis. This risk for the most exposed women with chronic form: any hypothermia leads to such problem.
Often cystitis is caused because of the insufficient amount of fluid in the body. If you are drinking enough clean drinking water, then you do yourself a disservice: there will be a stronger concentration of urine in the bladder. This leads to increased growth of microorganisms.
Another reason for stagnation can be called a sedentary lifestyle and sedentary work. And the last factor that contributes to the development of cystitis doctors begin unprotected sex, and not always the partner can suffer sexual infections. In this case, it is still exchanged microflora, and sometimes pathogenic. That is why cystitis can be very difficult to be treated. The first signs are usually seen within twelve hours.
The symptoms of cystitis
The first and surest sign of cystitis — frequent urge to urinate. Moreover, the urine may not always stand out well.
Second, it produces burning and itching in the urethra (i.e. the urethra) during urination.
Thirdly, in cystitis occur pain and discomfort in lower abdomen, pelvis, genitals.
Often the urine may be cloudy, and sometimes bloody. While a person worse overall health, there is pain in the lower back. It is noteworthy that in children and the elderly symptoms of cystitis may not be so pronounced. But most of these people tend to endure and be silent about the symptoms, so the disease can be detected not so fast.
And sometimes the only signs of this disease can be fever, nausea and abdominal pain. In addition, often the symptoms of cystitis may be added irritation of the external opening of the urethra. For example, some men and women has Allergy to vaginal deodorants, toilet soap or talcum powder, even colored toilet paper.
Treatment of cystitis
When such symptoms should not wait until everything goes by itself. Be sure to visit a doctor who will help to identify the cause of the formation of cystitis, as well as appoint competent treatment.
The attending physician in this case is a urologist (for men) gynecologist (for women). In acute cystitis, which was formed for the first time, at observance of all recommendations to cure the disease in just 7-12 days. For this to work, you need to find a competent antibacterial drugs and other medicines. Before that, the patient passes the following tests: urinalysis, urine culture microflora, ultrasound.
In acute cystitis, the doctor usually prescribes bed rest and a special diet. Exclude from the diet the following products:
It should say that the recovery depends on the attitude to the human disease. The patient should be care about yourself to heal in the future to save yourself from the risk of re-infection.
Drink plenty of fluids
Need to drink at least 10-14 glasses of drinking water a day. Try to avoid drinking tea, completely eliminate from the diet of coffee and alcohol as they hinder fluid provoke the swelling and irritation of the bladder.
In your diet should be less of food and products that contain calcium. This is required during treatment. Such products include milk, cheese, yogurt.
Use a heating pad
To relieve pain put it between your legs, on your stomach or on your back warmer. If there are no special object, you can take a bottle with warm water or a bag of heated millet (salt).
Drink water with soda
Club soda can reduce the acidity of urine and to relieve you from your unpleasant burning sensation. You need every three hours to drink a glass of water in which is dissolved a spoonful of soda.
Wash once a day
If you get an infection it is important to prevent its reproduction. Taking a shower, washing out the urinary organs, you can help yourself. Generally recommended for women to do this every time after urinating — first front, then rear. This will eliminate the risk of pathogens from the anus to the urethra.
In any case, you’ll need the address to the gynecologist or the urologist. Not endure the pain and frequent urination because it can cause more serious diseases.