Glycolic acid: application in skin care

If you ask what is glycolic acid, we can say that it is the answer to all your problems.

Гліколева кислота: застосування у догляді за шкірою

You’ve probably heard that chemical peels are much more effective and safe physical exfoliants (scrubs with abrasive particles). Even according to statistics, Pinterest is the number of search queries about liquid the peels (they are acidic, they are the same chemical) over the last year has increased by 58%. This suggests that acid is still rule, though not in high concentrations, because the microbiome of the skin to break undesirable, informs Rus.Media.

One of the safest acids for mcrobie is glycolic. Its often recommended to use at home, since small concentrations of this substance in the toner (and often it can be found in such products) are suitable for any skin type, even the owner of sensitive skin will not feel discomfort when selecting the low concentration of glycolic acid.

What is glycolic acid

If you ask what is glycolic acid, we can say that it is the answer to all your problems. Unfortunately, with the skin, but still. Especially if you have hyperpigmentation, scars, acne or rashes. Glycolic acid that leaves skin radiant with health and cleanliness, so no wonder many beauty products containing this component, having in the title the word glow.

Glycolic acid is a AHA or alpha-gtoxycodone. This water soluble ingredient that increases the skin because it exfoliates exclusively dead layer of epidermis, called the stratum corneum, thereby improving the complexion and verbnice skin’s surface.

Sometimes people use scrubs with the goal of exfoliation, but many of them are abrasive and can cause irritation. In contrast to similar physical peels, glycolic acid, when used in the right percentage and when done properly, is a much more gentle method of exfoliation. It does not cause irritation, does not create a physical break in your skin. But it is important to use the correct one for your skin type, the concentration of a substance – yet it’s acid, it does not say.

What types of skin is suitable glycolic acid

It is suitable and beneficial for all skin types, but especially for the age, because it helps to get rid of wrinkles and hyperpigmentation. Also it is great for oily and acne-prone skin. As you know, acne is formed from what is Packed with fat and bacteria block pores dead skin cells, so pores can be cleaned by simple means, because of what appears inflammation. Glycolic acid removes the upper Horny layer of the skin, preventing the appearance of acne.

In addition, with the aging of our skin peels and is updated slower, so such chemical exfoliants, removing dead skin cells, reveal newer skin, which becomes smoother and more radiant.

How to use glycolic acid in skin care

Most people buy over-the-counter beauty products, such as cleanser, serums and toners. Because AHA is glycolic acid, it is soluble in water, so it often can be found in serums and toners, water-based. They can be used several times a week or daily, if the type and condition of the skin.

Only if you have sensitive skin, you should start slowly – very slowly. Start small, using money from a small percentage of acid in a day, and increase dosage gradually. Guided by their feelings and condition of the skin. You should not be redness and irritation from the glycolic acid, because it is one of the most soft.

In addition, as with any AHA acid, glycolic makes the skin photosensitive, i.e., more sensitive to the sun and can dry you out or cause burns and worsen the situation with hyperpigmentation, if you use the ingredient in the morning. Therefore it is best to use products with this substance in the evening and in the morning you must apply sunscreen.

The correct percentage using a glycolic acid

The maximum allowable concentration of glycolic acid in products for home skin care – 10%, but it all depends on skin type, for example, people with sensitive skin are advised to use products with a concentration of not higher than 4-5%. Because the higher the percentage, the greater the likelihood that the tool will penetrate deeper. This may sound good, but actually you can cause a chemical burn on the skin, especially if you leave the glycolic acid for a long time. Anything above 10% should be applied only by a dermatologist.

Glycolic acid with different level of activity is found in a wide range of beauty products, including cleanser, toners, creams, masks and peels. Most medications for persons are from 8% to 10%. Some creams, of prescription, can be even 15% and used every day.

Peels for home use really well tolerated with safety to the 30-percent concentration, but the pH of this product should be low (e.g. pH 3.5). But dermatologists can use the solutions with 30-70% glycolic acid for the treatment in the office. However, regular use of this product with 8-10% concentration of glycolic acid will give the same benefits for the skin, and salon visit every few months for the procedure of peeling with a higher concentration.