Herbs: a garden fresh

Fines herbes: un jardin des plus frais

The herbs are certainly plants the easiest to grow. A short guide to help you cultivate the most popular.

Sage

The plants will look great in the garden for about three or four years if you live in zone 5 (-29 to -23 °C). In cooler areas, this grass is grown as an annual. We pick the leaves above the woody part. This perennial needs full sun, and soil, well-drained soil.

Rosemary

We grow this perennial shrub in the garden as soon as the temperature becomes very lenient. It loves the sun and the soil moderately fertile and sec. It is the first excavated as early as the end of the summer — well before the period of freezing — to keep it in a terracotta pot inside. As it flourishes inside the winter, from one summer to the next, you will plant more and bigger and provided. To pick up the needles by cutting off the tips of branches.

Persil

Curly or flat, the persil is used in all the sauces. It is a biennial that it is possible to plant them in the garden, in full sun or semi-shade. He loves his sol-drained, moist, and fertilized. We can go inside, but it was, however, need more care than other herbs.

Laurier-sauce

Beautiful perennial shrub for the garden, you can also keep a bay leaf inside all winter, taking care to return before the first frost. We put it in full sun and ensure that its soil is watered and moist at all times. There is the picking of the leaves as soon as the plant reaches 30 cm (12 inches). Important : Do not confuse this with the laurier-rose, which is a beautiful plant, but poisonous !

Chives and chives garlic

Queen of the garden, the chives are added to salads, but also soups and sauces. The chives to the garlic, as it scares away japanese beetles. It can be grown inside on a window sill, and this, throughout the year. Perennial, it grows well in full sun to mid-shade, as long as its soil is well-drained.

Mint

This perennial is an invasive plant species that should be kept in the pot… even in the garden. This is set to mid-shade and is the control by pinching the buds as they appear. The mint is perfectly suited to the culture inside. Never pick more than a third of the plant at the time.

Thyme

Thyme is easy to grow. It is used in the garden, in full sun in a soil drained, for edging or in the trails. There are many varieties. You can pick thyme before or after flowering. Simply cut the ends of the stems. This perennial is tolerant of cold temperatures and it can be cultivated until late in the fall. It is also cultivated in a pot. It then transports the seedlings to the inside
for the winter months.

Basil

The type of basil differs from one cultivar to another : large and small leaves, flavor with lemon or aniseed, of purplish color, etc, It loves the sun and soil in the drained and wet. For a plant stays healthy, we pluck the flowers as soon as they appear, and they pick the young shoots by cutting off the head, just above a pair of leaves. Basil can be grown indoors, but as it is an annual, it will be necessary to renew the plant every year.

On the side of the kitchen…

Dill

Dill has a fragrance which enhances the flavour of the fish. Gardeners are familiar with the dill, which, naturally, keeps away the aphids. It fears neither the heat nor the sun, but make sure that there is no shortage of water.

Tarragon

Wonderful in marinades for chicken, pork chops or fish, it is very easy to grow in pot or in open ground. It often gets better results planting directly in the ground in a humus rich and well drained. Watch out for excess water !

Coriander

Coriander rises very quickly in a seed : it needs to be cut regularly and re-planting every three weeks if you want to have throughout the summer. She does not like the heat and prefers a soil rather sec It is not easy to cultivate.

On my balcony ?

Most herbs grow well on the balcony. But some, like dill and lovage, prefer to be put in full ground, because they need space. So, choose pots at least 25 cm in diameter. Avoid exposing your herbs in the midday sun, which burns the leaves and degrades their flavor. Follow the planting distance recommended : if you put too many plants in a container, they will be in competition to grow. Some herbs — such as tarragon, mint, bay leaf and rosemary, should be planted alone in a container.

What container is best ?

Any container will do provided they offer good drainage. It is generally preferable to potting them individually.

What herbs to choose ?

Chives, cilantro, tarragon, oregano, thyme, basil, persil, rosemary, savory (summer and sage are suitable for pot culture. Avoid choosing large plants, because the shock of transplantation could slow down their growth.

How the transplant ?

Use a potting mix of good quality. The growing use of the market agree. Water the seedlings before transplanting. Shake the jar to get out the clod of earth without damaging it. Do not plant deeper than it was in its pot of origin.

Where to place them ?

Most herbs prefer the sun. However, basil, persil, dill and mint adapt well to partial shade.

When the water ?

The earth of potted plants dry more quickly than the garden. It is necessary, therefore, daily monitoring of the humidity and watering as needed. The morning is the best time !

When and how to harvest ?

Use the sprouts to the top to prevent the plant goes to seed. Remove the leaves and dead branches and cut your herbs often. It is also best to harvest your herbs when the weather is cool and cloudy.

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