Hero of Sobibor, Simon Rosenfeld: the concentration camp prisoner who took Berlin

Герой Собибора Семен Розенфельд: узник концлагеря, взявший Берлин

Did not Seeds Rosenfeld, the last participant of the uprising at the Sobibor killing center – the only successful one in the history of the Second world war. The correspondent of TV channel “MIR 24” Anna Derkach met with a hero, a soldier three years ago and recorded an interview with him.

“About the uprising, I personally learned at the last moment. Nobody knew. It secretly was because we were trying and failed,” he said.

Three years ago Simon Rosenfeld long remembered in the life of the main event, the uprising in the death camp Sobibor, 14 October 1943. And talked as if not 75 years ago this happened and for days he waited in the carpentry shop of the Nazis, broke through the barbed wire and ran through the minefields of a terrible hell to freedom.

In Sobibor, a prisoner of the red army Rosenfeld brought from the Minsk ghetto. It was waiting for the same fate as another 250 thousand prisoners, gassed and burned in ovens. But he decided to leave. I had someone from the prisoners to serve the camp, to unpack the slain, to build the barracks. In carpentry the leader of the uprising of the Soviet officer Alexander Pechersky and Rosenfeld asked the crucial question.

“You axe to kill a man? I say: if you need for business – you can! He smiled beautifully, he is a very handsome man was of the caves!”, – remembers the veteran.

In the battle group included nine of the caves. Some were lured the Nazis into the warehouse with things, others were already waiting for them there with axes.

“Called into the workshop. I came back and the axe hit him. Me immediately the boy Lerner was also hit. And he fell,” – said the participant of revolt of the Arkadi Wallpaper, .

“And so with the second German, third German, and the fourth German. I had to kill Frances, who led the camp. I did my homework, and he didn’t come. The only German who didn’t come,” recalled Rosenfeld.

The plan of the caves was only partially successful. To seize the Armory, the prisoners could not. The guards opened fire and people had no choice but to flee in the forest through the minefields. Of the 550 prisoners to freedom broke 350. The rest of the mowing machine guns in the towers. Nearly a hundred were blown up by mines. Another 170 were later caught and executed by the Germans. Only 53 of the former prisoner of Sobibor, including the head of Pechersk, lived to the end of the war.

“This is what you need to have the rod inside, what you need to have the will to in such inhuman conditions to fulfil all this, and in General to wish for!”, Natalia says, Ladychenko, granddaughter of Alexander Pechersky.

Simon Rosenfeld after escaping another war. Participated in the capture of Berlin and even inscribed on the Reichstag his way of fighting – “Baranovichi – Sobibor – Berlin.” The inscription has not survived, but remained in the memory of the great history of resistance that all, without exception, the heroes of Sobibor, carried through life.

Farewell to Simon Rosenfeld will be held in the Israeli town of Bnei Aish, where a veteran is a veteran lived in the last time.