Scripts heavily censored and deleted scenes: Hollywood is accused in a report published Wednesday by the organization Pen America to practice self-censorship to allow films to reach the huge chinese market.
Screenwriters, producers and directors to perform alterations of any kind, in the hope of hitting the 1.4 billion consumers in China, according to Pen America, american association for the defense of freedom of expression.
This is going to, is she, the removal of a flag to the taiwanese of the jacket of Tom Cruise in “Top Gun: Maverick” to the obliteration of China as a source of a zombie virus in the film ” World War Z “, which was released in 2013.
It is also to avoid certain sensitive topics, such as Tibet, Taiwan, Hong Kong or Xinjiang, and does not show the characters of the community based on sexual orientation.
“The appeasement of the chinese government and their censors became a way like other to do business,” the report says.
Beijing has one of the censorship systems the most repressive in the world in the department of propaganda of the chinese communist Party, which decides if a foreign film can have access to the local market.
Only a handful of foreign films are released each year in China, which will soon be the largest film market in the world.
The source of american super productions like “the Avengers: Endgame” or “Spider-Man: Far From Home” have made more revenue in China than in the United States.
“The chinese communist Party in fact engaged in a major influence on the fact that a hollywood film is profitable or not – and the leaders of the studios know it,” says Pen America.
This is the reason for which a former boss of Disney, Michael Eisner, had apologised to Beijing after the ban on the territory of the film Kundun by Martin Scorsese, released in 1997, which deals with the life of the Dalai Lama, the spiritual leader of Tibet in exile.
In Hollywood, some people ” take ownership voluntarily for these restrictions, without being asked “, and others call chinese censors on the shoots, still decries the report.
“If you have a project that is openly critical “, there is a fear that “you or your company are openly put on the black list,” says a producer.
“The approach of Hollywood, consisting in yielding to the dictates of chinese creates a standard for the rest of the world “, alarm, Pen America, warning against “a new normal” in countries proud of their freedom of expression.