HONG KONG | forced march: China has adopted Tuesday a controversial law on national security to Hong Kong, perceived by its critics as a way to muzzle the opposition in the autonomous territory.
Ignoring the calls of the Western, the national parliament voted unanimously this text, which comes a year after the start of demonstrations in the former british colony against the influence of the central government.
Still smarting from these events, Beijing will be imposed in a few weeks this law that circumvents the legislative council and local fears of the opposition in hong kong a decline unprecedented freedoms since the handover of Hong Kong to China in 1997.
The text was submitted since last Sunday, the standing committee of the national parliament, as a body submitted to the chinese communist Party (CCP).
“The national security law in Hong Kong has been officially adopted,” said Tuesday in a press release the DAB, the main party of hong kong pro-Beijing.
Several media outlets in the territory, such as television, RTHK or the daily South China Morning Post confirmed the information, citing sources close to the matter.
For the central government, it is with this law, ensure stability, to put an end to the vandalism that peppered the events of 2019 in the city of 7.5 million people, as well as to suppress the current pro-independence.
For the opposition pro-democracy Hong Kong and several western countries including the United States, this act constitutes an attack against the freedoms and autonomy of the territory.
Difficult to time to know the actual implications of the text: its precise content has not yet been published.
The official news agency new China had, however, given in June of the outline, stating that the law intends to punish the “separatism”, “terrorism,” “subversion” and “collusion with foreign forces and foreign”.
A “body of national security”, directly under the central government, should also be set up in Hong Kong — a first. It would be responsible to collect information and prosecute crimes against the national security.
The idea of having an organization of chinese power prerogatives in the autonomous region concerned a strong local opposition. Because the separation of powers does not exist in mainland China, led by the CPC.
“This marks the end of Hong Kong as the world knew it. With broad powers and an act of ill-defined, the city will turn into a # étatdepolicesecrète”, has gazouillé Tuesday, Joshua Wong, one of the figures of the pro-democracy movement in hong kong.
The political party Demosisto, he founded with other activists in 2014, announced Tuesday its dissolution. This training was called in particular to the self-determination of the territory — a position that could potentially fall within the ambit of the new law.
Since its handover, Hong Kong enjoys a large autonomy in relation to mainland China, under the principle of “One country, two systems”.
Hong Kong people enjoy freedom of expression, freedom of the press and an independent judiciary.
The EU condemns
Western governments have said in recent weeks is concern for the international status of the city, one of the leading financial centres in the world.
This law “risks undermining seriously the principle of “One country, two systems” and the high degree of autonomy as well as the prosperity of Hong Kong,” responded Tuesday to the AFP Nicolas Chapuis, ambassador of the european Union (EU) in China.
The foreign ministers of the G7 (Germany, Canada, United States, France, Italy, Japan, and the United Kingdom) had also called to get back on this project.
Anticipating the vote, Washington had announced Monday the end of sales of defence equipment sensitive to Hong Kong to avoid “that it falls into the hands” of the chinese army. Beijing promised on Tuesday a “retaliation”.
The United States has already decreed as early as the last week of visa restrictions for chinese officials accused of “undermine” the autonomy of the territory. China has responded with a similar measure aimed at the Americans, “having badly behaved” in criticizing the law.
What will be the reaction of hong Kong people after the vote of the text? Events of magnitude at first sight seem difficult to arrange: the authorities of Hong Kong prohibit always gatherings of more than 50 people because of the epidemic of COVID-19.