The advantages of electric cars before the cars on internal combustion engines today is obvious to all.
Therefore, more and more motorists think about the transition to a more ecological transport. And any potential owner of the electric vehicle concerned in what way and how often will it need to recharge the iron horse. Let us reflect a bit on this. How often need charging?
It is clear that one answer to this question cannot be – all depends on the mileage, you wound every day in their normal life, reports Rus.Media.
Current models of electric cars can be overcome without the EQ to 150 – 160 km. of Course, there are supernovae whose producers promise you 426 km on a single charge Tesla), but Patriotic man in the street they are still very few available. According to the testimony of Nissan Leaf owners they manage not charging to get to 130 – 140 km.
Based on these indicators, you can estimate that for the average person whose daily trajectory movements in the city – house-work-house, will be sufficient to charge the machine every 3 to 4 days, depending on the remoteness of the office from home. If your work involves constant traveling around the city, there will need daily charging (for example, this can be done at night while you sleep).
How much the battery is charging?
Most modern electric cars are lithium-ion batteries. And saragat they are, unfortunately, not as quickly as we would like their owners, because the traction battery of the electric vehicle powered by direct current, and in the city network alternating current. To charge the battery from the network, a special on-Board charger supplied with the machine, converts the AC grid to DC. And the more powerful the device, the faster it will charge your electric car.
Therefore, the question of the velocity of the charge, there is no unequivocal answer as to the question of the duration of its action.
So, for example, charging a Nissan Leaf with the charging setup Nissan need 8 hours, that is, such a machine conveniently placed on charge over night or for the whole working day, provided that you do not go out of the office.
But Tesla, which is charged by installing High Power Wall Connector, you can do it in 3.5 hours, so it can be charged whenever the owner just decided to take a break and a few hours to relax, surf the Internet or play your favorite game .
But, if you left the loaded car in the garage for a long time, don’t worry that until the moment you need it, the battery is “sit”. Li-ion batteries lose their charge very quickly – no more than 3% for the month.
How to charge electric car
There are 4 main ways to “feed” your iron friend:
- from the city mains – although now this method is almost not used because of security method, no one can guarantee);
- from the mains alternating current – protection is provided by using the standard cable that comes with the electric car;
- with single-phase connector SAE J1772 or Mennekes three-phase connector is a safe and fully controlled charging rate; gas stations usually have labels indicating power available;
- the fast charging current with the help of special stations of the type System A (or CHAdeMO Yazaki) and System C (CCS) is really the fastest way to charge the electric vehicle with direct current. For example, the battery of Nissan Leaf to 80% will not need more than 30 minutes.
In the near future we are waiting for the release of a self-charging electric car on solar batteries .
How much to charge electric car
Let’s try to estimate what the costs would entail charging the electric vehicle. If the usual machines on the internal combustion engines uses the concept of the displacement of fuel per kilometer, electric cars are considered consumption kilowatt-hours per 1 km.
Full battery electric vehicle is approximately 80 kWh. As we said above, this is enough for about 160 km. that’s 0.5 kWh per 1 km or 50 kWh per 100 km. Multiply the current cost per kilowatt-hour and get the amount you “eat” your electric car in their budget. But agree that clean air is worth it.