Some fans hold a burrow at home the rights of a pet. Experts say that she’s quite amenable to domestication.
Mink are European and American. They differ from each other, informs Rus.Media.
European mink – Mustela lutreola is a small carnivorous mammal of the weasel family. The body length of the male mink is 50 cm, females 40 cm male is about 3 kg, females 1.600-2 kg.
The body of the mink is elongated and flexible, a narrow muzzle, short ears, short legs. Between your toes swimming membrane, which allows the animal to have a great swim and dive. During the voyage work the front paws.
The tail is fairly long, 12-18 cm, not fluffy.
The body is covered with thick, dense, but short fur. The underfur of the mink is not wet, no matter how much the animal was in the water.
In nature color mink fur from light brown to dark brown, the underparts lighter than back and sides. On the chin, usually white spot, which goes to the upper and lower lip. White spot sometimes on the chest.
Walks mink, as if Bouncing. Mink move not only on land but also on the bottom of the reservoir. Without air under water they can stay without any harm to yourself up to 3 minutes.
The American mink is different from a European face. The white fur of the American mink framing only the upper lip.
Length American 54-55 cm, tail length 25 cm, weight 2 kg.
The European mink is found in Eastern Europe, ranging from Finland to the Ural mountains.
Although, according to scientists in France, the mink appeared in 1839, and in Spain only in 1951, gradually spreading to the West.
Unfortunately, over the past half century the total number of mink for its extermination by man, has declined significantly.
Ukraine mink can be found at an altitude of 1120 m above the sea level.
The American mink lives also in Europe, where it was brought in the early 30-ies of the last century.
As the mink is closely tied to the aquatic environment, and the animal settles on the banks of rivers and other flowing bodies of water. Mink prefer remote places, clutter areas with sloping banks overgrown with alder, willow, shrubs and various herbs. Mink and settles on the shores of lakes, ponds, and rarely at the flow wetlands.
Hunting mink and on the waterfront and in the water. The main diet of the mink consists of small rodents, often the water rat, voles, frogs, tadpoles, newts, frogs, crayfish, eggs, fish, poultry, eggs. Could attack muskrats, to destroy a bird’s nest.
The fish, the mink catches a large enough size it can surpass the animal. On the day of the mink eats about 200 grams of food.
If there is no food in the pond, the mink can catch the bird near the villages. But more than 100 meters from their burrows the mink, as a rule, does not depart.
The boundaries of the site mink indicates special secret.
Without food the beast can live 3-4 days.
Mink do not hibernate and are active all year. During severe frosts can they for several days to emerge from the hole.
Mink live alone. Sami burrows burrows they dig rare, are often ready-made burrows of water rats, muskrats, low-lying hollows, various cracks, and debris. The living space of the animals lined with feathers, dry grass, moss. In a hole two outputs, and a separate toilet.
Her hole mink may leave only in the event of a flood or a very hungry winter.
The burrow animals make food.
In winter, the mink may run in search of food up to 2 km at night. In the summer, when more food around, the beast runs much less.
In case of danger, the mink could climb up a Bush or tree, but rather hiding in the water among aquatic vegetation, exposed to the surface only face.
Burrows can not be attributed to talking animals, they almost don’t make sounds. Only males when searching for females during the mating period, whistle and giggle. They know how to gently COO. The same vorovannym the female calms babies.
Mink breed in winter since February and spring. For one female cared for a few males. The strongest wins.
Pregnancy of females lasts for 2-2,5 months. Females appear 3 to 10 cubs that weigh no more than 7 grams. Cubs are born blind, with closed ears. Eyes and ears open from them in a month.
The female feeds the babies breast milk for 2 months, but after a month into the diet of calves is added to solid food. At the age of 3 months babies everywhere accompany the mother and learn to hunt. In 4 months mink become independent. By autumn they are looking for their own burrow.
In 10-12 months the young animals are considered sexually Mature and reproduce, on average, up to 3 years.
Mink live 8-10 years. Although scientists say that wild mink rarely live up to 5 years.
In spring and autumn mink shed, but the change of hair occurs in the fall and the winter animals is a dense thick fur.
Winter burrows helps to survive and subcutaneous fat layer.
But the man for whom St. was targeted because of its valuable fur, the enemy is mink otter.
Nowadays, the European mink is listed in the Red book.
Mink is among the useful for human and animal nature, as reduces the number of small rodents.
Some fans hold a burrow on the rights of a pet. Experts say that she’s quite amenable to domestication, but still when dealing with these animals are advised to wear thick gloves, as the mink is very sharp teeth. They can bite right through the hand, while hanging on it.
Defensively, the mink, the skunk secretes from the anal glands, to put it mildly, unpleasant smell.
Delicate mink are rare, most of these animals don’t need tenderness.
Those who still decided to take mink in the house, experts advise to take the animal is very young, at the age of six weeks. Then there is the chance to tame the beast. Zoologists say that St. smart and the animal quickly gets used to its name, bowls and tray.
To train the Ave is recommended to gently and kindly, as it is quite a vengeful animal, and does not forgive insults. But if you keep her in an apartment, that beast will tear away the curtains and throw on the floor pots and utensils. So you have to keep the animal in a cage, better in a special cage.
Fans of mink accustom them from early childhood to the collar and walk in the garden, Park, forest. Walk mink very much.
St. wary of unfamiliar animals, and in the case of a meeting with a cat or a dog rushes at home. With dogs living under one roof, St. willingly plays, and cats avoid the hole.
Bathing burrows put the bowl of water.
The food in home burrows, meat, offal, meat a gun, guts, fish, cheese, grain, oil cake, wheat bran, cereals, give vegetable fat, milk, whey, fresh minced vegetables. Mink essential vitamins – A, b, E, Pekarsky and boiled brewer’s yeast.
To Ave not missed, it is recommended to buy for her toys, the same mice for cats. It is desirable that they were squeaking or rattling. With such toys St. can play for hours.