World famous physicist Stephen Hawking died early on the morning of 14 March at the age of 76 years.
Throughout his life he struggled with a motor will narodowym disease. Despite his illness, he became one of the most influential and famous scientists of his time, reports Rus.Media.
His book “a brief history of time” became a bestseller, though it’s unclear how many people actually managed to read to the end. He appeared on several popular TV shows and provided his voice synthesized various records.
Stephen William Hawking was born in Oxford on 8 January 1942. His father, a researcher, a biologist, moved with his mother to London to avoid German bombing. Hawking grew up in London and St Albans, and received the diploma of the first degree in physics from Oxford went to Cambridge for post-graduate studies in cosmology.
As a teenager he was riding and Canoeing, but while studying at Cambridge, he was diagnosed motor neuron disease that has left him almost completely paralyzed. When he was preparing to marry his first wife Jane in 1964, his doctors gave him not more than two or three years of life.
But the disease progressed slower than expected. The couple had three children, and in 1988 – although He was able to talk using the speech synthesizer after the tracheotomy – he finished “a Brief history of time” – a guide to cosmology. He has sold over 10 million copies, though its author knew that it was called “the most popular book never read”.
Hawking discovered the phenomenon that became known as Hawking radiation when the black hole leaks energy and fades to nothing. He was known for his exceptional ability to visualize scientific solutions without calculation or experiment. But it was perhaps his “theory of everything” suggests that the universe evolyutsioniruet in accordance with clearly defined laws that draw the most attention.
“This is a complete set of laws can give us answers to questions, such as how the universe began”, – he said. “Where is this happening, and is this the end? If so, how will it end? If we find the answers to these questions, we will know the mind of God,” He said.
Stephen Hawking believed that his illness has brought certain benefits. One day he said, until his sickness came, he was bored.
But his condition inevitably led him to depend on others. He often gave tribute to his wife, who had nursed him for over 20 years. However, friends and relatives were shocked when he left her for one of his nurses, whom he married in 1995.
Until 2000, He was a frequent visitor of the emergency unit and the Addenbrooke hospital in Cambridge, while treating injuries. The police summoned for questioning a few people because of allegations that he was subjected to verbal and physical abuse for several years.
He was known as a messy, almost reckless driver of her electric wheelchair, and He insisted that his injuries had been caused by his stupidity. So he kept driving himself, without any help.
In 2007, he became the first who has experienced weightlessness on Board the so-called “vomit comet”, a modified plane, specially designed for the simulation of weightlessness. He said he did it to encourage interest in space travel.
“I believe that life on Earth grows when it destroys a disaster such as sudden nuclear war, a genetically engineered virus or other dangers. I think that humanity has no future if it doesn’t go into space, so I want to encourage public interest in space”.
In 2014, the movie “Theory of everything” was released, based on Jane Hawking’s story of their courtship and marriage. He met Eddie Redmayne in preparation of the actor to play the role of a scientist.