Iran announced the launch of a “successful” Wednesday, a first military satellite, two months after the failure of the orbit of a satellite in a scientific and in a context of tensions with Washington, which continues despite the pandemic of novel coronavirus.
The announcement was made by the Guardians of the Revolution, the ideological army of the islamic Republic who has praised on its website ” a great success, and a new development in the area of the space for the islamic Iran “.
The satellite, named Nour, was ” launched successfully this morning from the launcher Qassed from the desert of Markazi (central) in Iran “, said the website Sepahnews, body Guards.
The satellite Nour (Light in Persian) has ” orbited the Earth for 425 km “, according to the same source.
State television has broadcast images of what it described as the satellite mounted on a rocket for launch Wednesday.
The fuselage of the rocket bears the name of the spacecraft, dubbed Qassed (Messenger in Persian). And on one side one could read the inscription: “Glory to God who has put that at our disposal “.
There was no way to independently verify this launch.
Saying you have visited the launch site three weeks ago, iran’s minister of Telecommunications Mohammad Javad Azari Jahromi has hailed Wednesday as a ” great national “, expressing its “sincere congratulations to the aerospace force of the Guardians”
“They are excellent,” he added on Twitter, referring to the satellite and the launcher, solid-fuel, three-storey ” used for the operation.
This launch comes more than two months after the failure on February 9, the orbit of a satellite for scientific observation, named the Zafar (Victory in Persian).
The launch of Zafar had been condemned by France and the United States, which have accused Tehran of wanting to strengthen its competencies in the field of ballistic missile through the launching of satellites.
The United States had qualified including the launch by Tehran of a rocket loaded in the launching of a satellite in January 2019 of “provocation” and a violation of the resolution 2231 of the security Council of the UN.
This resolution calls on Iran to ” not undertake any activity related to ballistic missiles designed to carry nuclear weapons, including launches using ballistic missile technology “.
Claiming to have no project to equip itself with atomic weapons, Tehran ensures that its programs, ballistic and spatial, are lawful and do not violate the resolution.
In full pandemic
Long-standing hostility between Tehran and Washington has been exacerbated since Washington decided in may 2018, to denounce unilaterally the international agreement on the iranian nuclear (concluded in 2015) and to restore economic sanctions punitive against Tehran.
Tensions have reached a new peak after the elimination of the powerful general iranian Qassem Soleimani, who was killed in a strike drone in the u.s. to Baghdad on 3 January.
And just recently, a new incident has made face-to-face April 15, the US Navy and the revolutionary Guards in the waters of the Gulf.
Iran sees itself as the policeman of the Gulf and denounced the western military presence in this arm of the sea is crucial to the world’s supply of oil.
The announcement of the launch of the military satellite Wednesday occurs on a background of severe health crisis in Iran, among the countries most affected by the pandemic of the novel coronavirus.
The islamic Republic accuses the United States of ” economic terrorism “, Tehran, in front of face both to the epidemic and to the u.s. sanctions that are choking its economy since their return in 2018.
For the past several weeks, Iran believes that the u.s. sanctions against Tehran, weakening its ability to fight against the pandemic.
These gas financially the country and restrict its ability to borrow on the international market.
On paper, the humanitarian goods (medicines, medical equipment in particular) are unaffected by the sanctions, but in reality, the international banks generally prefer to refuse a transaction involving Iran, regardless of the product concerned, rather than run the risk of exposing themselves to retaliation from the United States.
Tehran announced in march, have asked the international monetary Fund (IMF) for a line of emergency credit for an amount of up to approximately $ 5 billion.
But Washington, which is leading a campaign of “maximum pressure” against Iran, said it had no intention of authorizing such a loan, accusing Tehran of using its resources to fund ” terrorism abroad “.
Iran has officially registered almost 5.300 died of the new coronavirus, and approximately 85.000 cases of contamination, including the balance sheet, the more heavy the Middle East.
Some, abroad as inside the country, believe that these figures are under-estimated, referring to four to five times more dead.