Overweight and obesity significantly increase the likelihood of developing serious diseases, according to the researchers.
Moreover, the extra pounds by 50% increase the risk of premature death.
British scientists studied the health of 2.8 million adults, paying special attention to the body mass index (BMI).
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It was found that a BMI of 25-30, the risk of developing heart failure increased by 20%.
When BMI is 35-40 the risk was more than doubled, with 40-45 – four times compared to people with healthy weight.
The study also showed that the body mass index of 25 to 30 also was associated with twice the risk of type 2 diabetes and sleep apnea – spontaneous delay of breathing during sleep.
In patients with a BMI of 30 to 35 developed diabetes five times more often, and apnea – almost six times more often than in healthy people.
For a BMI of 35 to 40 the risk was increased in nine and twelve times respectively, and for severe obesity (40 to 45) at twelve and twenty-two times.
In addition, excess weight affects blood pressure, heart (it was irregular) and the contents of cholesterol and other fats in the blood.
Scientists estimate that the body mass index of 40 to 45 to 50% increased likelihood of early death from any cause.
According to the authors of the study, over the past thirty years the number of people with obesity worldwide has tripled – if in 1975 there were 105 million, in 2016 – already 650 million.
Accordingly, increased and the number of diseases, including in children.
However, in a number of countries have already taken preventive measures to combat the obesity epidemic in the London transport introduced a ban on junk food advertising.