Neanderthals and the ancestors of modern humans split into separate species much earlier than scientists believed.
Estimates based on the DNA analysis indicated that it occurred 300 – 500 thousand years ago.
But a new study by University College London, denies this information. According to him, the last common ancestors of the two species lived about 800,000 years ago, according to .
“What is our life? Game!”“World mind games”: the premiere of “the World”, Experts examined the teeth of hominids from the Spanish “Cave of bones” (Sima de los Huesos), which are considered the forerunners of the Neanderthals, and found that they are different from the rest of Homo sapiens.
These hominids had very small back teeth (premolars and indigenous), as well as “classic” Neanderthals. Probably they were formed from larger and more primitive canines the last common ancestor of Homo neanderthalensis and Homo sapiens.
Note, in the cave was discovered the fossilized remains of about thirty of the early representatives of the genus Homo. Age Parking is estimated at about 430 000 years.
According to scientists, a special structure of the teeth of Neanderthals could theoretically be explained by the mutation in a particular population.
“But the simplest explanation is that the divergence between Neanderthals and modern humans occurred more than eight thousand years ago,” explained study author Dr. Aida gómez-Robles.
In this case, the speed of evolution of the early Neanderthal bones from the Cave would be comparable to the pace of development of other species.
Previously it was found that Neanderthals had a similar genetic traits with mammoths.