Urologists explained the origin of kidney stones and how much water should you drink to avoid it (water can bring the sand from the body and prevent the formation of stones).
The main reason for the development of kidney stones is still not fully understood, however it has been established that the major role is played by violation of metabolism, in particular the change of water-salt balance and the chemical composition of blood. For these condition is affected by different factors below we present the most common.
Lack of fluids
Most people in the kidney is the deposits of salt and sand — so they leave the body together with the excess liquid, need water. To understand that you don’t have enough fluid, the color of urine. If it is yellow or dark yellow, it means there is a risk of stagnation of sand. A good indicator is transparent or straw-yellow urine. The higher the amount of liquid, the better the kidney and the less likelihood of stone formation.
An important caveat: we’re talking about plain water, do not count coffee, tea and other beverages. Thus in the course can go natural juices and fruit drinks prepared on pure water. However, when kidney disease patients have to buy water of weak mineralization. Healing water, rich in minerals, can give extra strain on the kidneys and contribute to the development of the disease.
A healthy person I would recommend to consume about one and a half liters of water. But if he plays sports or live in a hot climate, the water load should be increased by one liter. Patients who had been treated for kidney stones, should pay special attention to the quantity and quality of water consumed is high risk of recurrence.
Salty, fatty, fried and acidic foods
Kidney stones are much “younger”. If 10-15 years ago it was predominantly ill women after 35 & men after 40, but today I treat 20-25-year old patients. As a rule, they have stones due to abuse the junk food, especially fast food, chips, sweet carbonated water, salt, pepper, spices. It is better to reduce the consumption of such food a maximum of once a week.
Climate and hard water
The concentration of salts may increase due to climate change — if, for example, in winter to go for a month in a country where the average temperature is above 25 degrees (or drink more liquids). Felt that the increased sweating? Add at least one to two cups of water.
In addition, stones are formed in people living in regions with hard water.
If the stone is large — from 0.5 to 1 centimeters — usually occurs renal colic. The pain can be both permanent and episodic. Wait, when unpleasant feelings will pass by themselves, not worth it. In such cases, you should immediately go to the doctor — the stone can cause inflammation and as a result, obstructive pyelonephritis (a dangerous condition resulting in the violation of the outflow of urine).