Knotweed or knotweed – an annual herbaceous plant of the family Polygonaceae.
The knotweed plant is quite tall, its branches reach a length of 20-80 cm. However, this plant mainly spreads, grows low to the ground. Its leaves is small in size and resembles in its form of an ellipse. Knotweed blooms from April to autumn, the flowers are inconspicuous small greenish white or pink.
The avian Highlander small fruits, similar to triangular nuts. They only eat birds, so the plant is popularly called the bird crap.
The collection and harvesting of medicinal raw materials
In folk medicine used only ground parts of plants – leaves and stems. And more useful upper layers – about 40 centimeters. The rest of the branches – hard and unsuitable for collecting. Of particular value are the flowers of the plant. It is desirable to gather in greater numbers.
Harvesting is carried out throughout the summer. Dry in a shaded but well-ventilated areas. Direct sunlight is bad because it loses a lot of medicinal properties of knotweed. It is very important to cut the plant for harvesting in dry weather and, of course, far from the dusty roads.
After drying, the plant is kept in a gauze or cotton packs. Although it is possible in the glass jars to air. The storage room should be dry and dark.
Biochemical composition of knotweed
What explains the knotweed belonging to the category of herbs? This plant contains a huge number of different nutrients, for example, it contains a lot of ascorbic acid. Also it is rich in carotene – the vitamin A, which is responsible for normal skin color and the sharpness of our vision. In addition, avian knotweed contains a lot of oxalic acid and tannins.
In its greenery, is the pectin, which rids the body of poisons and harmful metals. Knotweed, improves blood, as a lot of iron.
The presence of herbs of organic silicon compounds – a true gift of nature! The role of silicon for the human body cannot be overemphasized. Silicon is considered the most important element for life, just remember that there are bezvylazno types of organisms, but there is no beskrayney of life forms. It’s no wonder academician Vernadsky identified silicon in the first place from all of the basic elements of life.
Useful and medicinal properties of knotweed
Medicinal properties of bird’s Highlander used in the treatment of diseases of the liver, kidneys, stomach and intestines, skin (dermatitis, eczema, atopic dermatitis). Grass has a beneficial effect on the circulatory system, lowers blood pressure, increases blood clotting.
The main purpose of knotweed as medicines – reducing the size of kidney stones. Silicic acid in the composition of plants is destroying the strong ties of calcium salts in the stones and crushes them into molecules that are easily excreted in the urine. Large kidney stones, superhard coral and soft cleavage is not exposed.
Speaking generally about its healing effect on the kidneys, it should be noted that a decoction or infusion of herbs effective for kidney inflammation and acts as a diuretic.
Hemostatic properties of knotweed are used for bleeding of the mucous membranes and accompanying inflammation. The decoction is applied on bleeding wounds, drink to reduce menses, after abortion and childbirth. Herbal infusion well recuperating after surgery, useful for iron deficiency anemia due to blood loss during menstruation in girls.
Knotweed is known for its unique ability to restore women’s reproductive function by increasing tone of uterine walls. Therefore, frequently used as adjuvant therapy in female infertility.
The use of knotweed in folk medicine
For treatment using infusion (decoction) knotweed – both internally and externally. For its preparation, 20 grams of chopped herbs, pour a glass of boiling water and heated in a water bath for 15-20 minutes, remove and leave for another 45 minutes. After this infusion of strain and bring boiled water to 200 ml. Infusion of knotweed can be stored in the refrigerator for three days.
Infusion of knotweed is usually administered orally 2 tablespoons before meals 3-4 times a day. Outwardly infusion is used for compresses, lotions, baths. It is taken for treatment of the following diseases:
Infertility is knotweed increases the intensity of uterine muscles, normalizes hormonal balance, activates the breath, the Use of knotweed, the body is better supplied with oxygen. All this contributes to the improvement of reproductive functions and fast pregnancy, and the drug is best taken at the same time spouses. At the first suspicion that conception has occurred, the reception of knotweed grass should be discontinued.
When kidney stones – knotweed promotes discharge of dense, rocky formation of urolithiasis, especially useful plant for violation of salt exchange. Take the infusion of knotweed also after removal of kidney stones and as a prophylactic.
When various bleeding (uterine, hemorrhoidal, intestinal, pulmonary) – knotweed contributes to the speed of blood clotting, stopping the bleeding process. Hemorrhoids useful warm baths at night with a decoction of knotweed grass.
In diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and cholecystitis – the infusion knotweed normalizes the digestive system, accelerates the flow of bile, reduces inflammation of the mucosa of the stomach and intestines, promotes healing of ulcers of the stomach and duodenum.
For the treatment of skin diseases, wounds, ulcers, eczema, and inflammation of the mouth, mucosa of the lips and bleeding gums – knotweed prevents putrefactive processes, disinfects, relieve, relieves inflammation and improves healing. It is recommended to use the infusion for rinsing the mouth, washing wounds and applying poultices.
Hair loss – knotweed strengthens the hair follicles, providing them with vitamins and other nutrients. Infusion is necessary to rinse hair daily, course till 20 procedures.
Recipe alcohol tincture knotweed for the treatment of liver and gallstones 2 teaspoons of dry grass pour 200 ml of alcohol and insist for ten days. Then strain the tincture. In half glass of water add 15-20 drops of the tincture, used as a choleretic remedy three times a day.
Contraindications to the use of knotweed
Like any medicinal plant, including knotweed need to be applied with caution. Do not exceed the norms, to take into account that there may be individual intolerance of the plant, until the allergic reactions.
It is therefore necessary to start the treatment with small doses and monitor the reaction. In spores there is a certain amount of silicic acid which makes it unacceptable to use it in diseases of the bladder and acute kidney disease.
It must be remembered that the knotweed has a strong krovozhadnogo action. Therefore, it is contraindicated in people who suffer from thrombophlebitis. Its use can exacerbate the disease.
And it is contraindicated in diseases of the heart. Don’t eat knotweed and in pregnancy, as it affects the tone of the uterus. It can cause premature birth or miscarriage.