Libération: Europe is in distress — so fragile and vulnerable it was from the 30’s

Libération: Европа терпит бедствие — такой хрупкой и уязвимой она не была с 30-х

The rise of radical movements in many European countries, which no longer interferes with the historical memory of the horrors of fascism, Nazism and francoism, was the result of a “climate of anxiety and mistrust” towards democratic institutions, writes columnist for Libération. According to the journalist, these sentiments are the fruit of a combination of factors, but in the end only one thing matters Europe had not been so weak since the 30-ies of the last century, and to help her can now only radical reform of the European Union.

“Historical memory has ceased to be a brake” for all sorts of radical movements in Europe: in Spain last Sunday “on the fourth in four years, parliamentary elections” far-right party Vox could gain 15% of the vote, doubling thus the number of its voters, writes the French Libération. In turn, continues the correspondent of the publication, in Germany for several years, increasing support of public uses of the radical right-wing party of ADH — and “memories of the Third Reich, the quintessence of absolute terror and horrific stain on the history of the German nation, again, not interfere with the free people choose to return to hell.” And even in Italy “of jingoistic populism performed by Matteo Salvini emerges the image of Mussolini,” stresses the journalist.Meanwhile, in Northern and Eastern Europe, which “have recently been freed from the Soviet yoke and the totalitarian public order,” is flourishing “of illiberal regimes,” the article reads. “These nationalist and authoritarian countries that enthusiastically made a mockery of the rights and freedoms, justice, the media and universities, through generous subsidies from the EU set up a brutal government pursue the opposition and insult a sincere Europe. And with such nodemocracy now lives half a dozen countries — members of EU”, — says the author.“If we add more and absurd behaviour of the honourable house of Commons of great Britain in the last three years and ascent to the post of Prime Minister Boris Johnson is a cynical but expressive populist, who shows himself to be a liar and a demagogue, and the other is clever and comical speaker; if you observe how inevitably drawn into the quagmire of a “Grand coalition” led by the already exhausted Angela Merkel; when you consider how fragile the parliamentary majority in Italy and how elusive — the majority in the government of Spain, it becomes impossible to deny the parliamentary democracy of Europe are in a deep crisis”, — says columnist for Libération. According to the author, this crisis only aggravated the separatist sentiments in some regions, including Catalonia, Scotland and Flanders Belgian, and the fact that even in France, where presidential institutions remain strong, citizens are less satisfied with the state of society and more inclined to believe that democracy loses its effectiveness.”So fragile, vulnerable and unstable, the Old world has not been since the 30-ies of the last century,” says the author.According to the journalist, one of the reasons for the growth of the distrust of democracy was the economic crisis of 2008, whose consequences for the purchasing power, employment and public investment were felt for ten years after that — in fact, Europe could get rid of them only recently. The crisis “has caused throughout Europe a wave of discontent, anxiety, but in the end — and doubts about the effectiveness of democracy,” he writes.The impact of the crisis has increased the inflow of migrants, which reached a peak by 2015 — that is, to the time when the economic effect from 2008, made itself felt. Migration wave “gave rise to concern — especially among the most vulnerable segments of the population — punched holes, through which leaked to populism and nationalism”, says the author. The vulnerability of Europeans and their governments have further identified a series of terrorist attacks in Madrid, London and Paris, which became the “manna from heaven for the demagogues”, he said.However, in addition to these specific circumstances, the situation in Europe affects the overall situation “of uneasiness, misunderstanding, doubts and grievances,” the report says. “It rarely happens to match so many destabilizing factors. On the one hand, of great concern — especially among the less educated — causes a technological revolution, and especially since unlike the US, China and Israel, which it has benefited Europe to adapt to it with great difficulty. And yet, trump unleashed a trade war, the emergence of hot spots, the Russian rearmament and military power of the United States and China are creating among Europeans a feeling of nakedness. Contribution to this secret trouble making and ageing of the European population, which severely contrasts with the population abundance on other continents. If we add to that occurring in the tempo field of the canter moral and ethical changes, it becomes clear why European democracy a sensation of drowning” — lists the author.The logical reaction to all this will be radical reform of the European Union, because the described problems are exactly the regional scale, concludes columnist for Libération. “However, this will require the resolve and unity…”, — concluded the journalist.

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