Milliyet: NATO and the “space command”

Milliyet: НАТО и «космическое командование»

The leaders of the countries-members of NATO will meet in London on 3-4 December 2019. Traditionally, before the leaders ‘ summit meeting of Ministers of defence and foreign Affairs of member States and clarify the details of the agenda. One of the major themes this year — space. This topic will also be included in the agenda of the leaders who will discuss NATO’s objectives related to space, and the strategy needed to achieve them. Will be determined by the road map.Actually this topic is not new for the defense and military community. It was widely discussed during the cold war, under the famous project of the US “Star wars”. This project, which was to force the Soviets to increase their military spending and undermine the Soviet economy, gave the expected results at the end of 1980-ies.The topic reappeared on the agenda when US President, trump presented the “air force Space Command” 29 Aug 2019. Trump said that the force was created “to prevent attacks against the US interests in earth orbit”. He explained that this is a response to the changed situation in the sphere of security and threats. The purpose was to protect “strategically important satellites against attack”. The U.S. apparently shared his view of the risks and threats with its NATO allies and subsequently made this topic in the agenda of the leaders of the countries — members of the Alliance.Since the launch of the first satellite in 1957 in Earth orbit was taken about nine thousand satellites. Currently around the Earth continues to spin about five thousand, but of these, about two thousand are active.901 satellite belongs to the United States, 299 — China, 153 — Russia, 709 — other countries. With regard to the appointment of American satellites, 38 of them were placed in orbit for civilian use, 523 — commercial, 176 — in the military, and 164 of the satellite belong to different government institutions. Satellites are used in a wide range of fields, from television to telephony, from navigation to business and Finance, from meteorology to environmental observation and climate, from security to monitoring and detecting natural resources from tracking social, economic changes to space Sciences and exploration.The United States has created a similar command in 1985 in competition with the Soviet Union. Some time after the end of the cold war, in 2002, abolished it. But today the main reason for the create similar command is, of course, China, which is considered a serious competitor of the US in space. Moreover, when China launched an anti-satellite missile in 2007, shooting down an old satellite that was in orbit, that was enough to mobilize US.The share of China and the intent and the methods have demonstrated the possibility of an attack on orbiting satellites. Since then, the United States continued to work on the protection of satellites for the detection, monitoring, guidance, communication, global positioning, electronic protection and intelligence gathering, as well as satellites, which are of vital importance for target detection and operation of missiles. Although in 2011-2012 the attempt to gain acceptance in NATO similar document failed, the United States, apparently, will convince the countries — members of NATO of the need to include space and defense satellites in strategic doctrine of the Alliance.

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