Mixed policy: what might be behind the failure of Warsaw to call Russia enemy

The head of the office of the President of Poland Krzysztof Mersky said that the confrontation between Russia and the West will result in negative consequences for the Warsaw. The official indicated that to enhance dialogue Moscow should abandon the “policy of force in the region.” Earlier during the NATO summit, the Polish leader Andrzej Duda declined to name Moscow the enemy. Meanwhile, Warsaw continues to attract the U.S. military, citing the need to protect themselves from Russia. Experts believe that the Polish authorities finally caught in its own political course.

Разнонаправленная политика: что может стоять за отказом Варшавы называть Россию врагом

Reuters © Kacper PempelПольша will not support attempts to provoke confrontation between Russia and the West, because they can lead to negative consequences for Warsaw. This statement was made head of the office of the President of Poland Krzysztof Mersky in an interview with Reuters.

“As a country that shares borders with Russia, we will never insist that antagonism in the relations of Western countries with Russia, because then we can become a victim of this hostility,” said Merski.

The head of the Polish office noted that at the moment space for dialogue between Poland and Russia remains limited.

“Currently, opportunities for diplomacy, and for dialogue (with Russia. — RT) is limited,” said the Polish official, immediately placing the order for a greater dialogue Moscow needs to change its policy.

“Russian policy may change, can open the way for a wider dialogue, but it will require changes to the terms. First and foremost, the departure from the power politics in the region.”

Before you set conditions for Moscow, the Polish side it is worth remembering whose fault it was Russian-Polish relations have degraded to the current level, said in an interview with RT senior researcher at the Institute of Slavic studies Vadim Volobuev.

“Warsaw, it is worth remembering that she did everything to make contacts between our countries were reduced to a minimum. However, she places all responsibility on Moscow”, — said the analyst.

Разнонаправленная политика: что может стоять за отказом Варшавы называть Россию врагом

The President of Poland Andrzej Duda at the NATO summit Reuters, © Kevin Lamarque

A threat without an enemy

The President of Poland Andrzej Duda recently also declined to call Russia an enemy in the course of the NATO summit, which was held in London on 3-4 December.

Then following the meeting of representatives of countries participating in the Alliance was circulated a joint statement on behalf of the members of NATO, in which the main threats were identified including the “aggressive actions of Russia”.

Later, however, in the course of communication with journalists, Duda refused to call Russia an enemy and instead said that she is a neighbor, with whom the Alliance does not always agree, considering some of Moscow’s actions are unacceptable.

“There is no enemy. NATO is now no one to attack… the Enemy can be called a terrorist organization who allow themselves to attack the citizens and soldiers”, — said the Polish President.According to Duda, is not allowed to talk “about some kind of enemy on the state level,” adding that in relation to Russia, NATO has no “hostility”.

A few days after the summit, with the same statement was issued by the Secretary General of the North Atlantic block Jens Stoltenberg. During an interview with CNN he also said that the Alliance does not consider Russia its enemy.

“We don’t make lists of enemies. We do not define Russia as an enemy. We see a more assertive Russia, which has used force against a neighboring country — Ukraine… We do not divide the world into enemies and friends,” Stoltenberg said.

Such a dual policy common to all countries, consisting of NATO, said head of the sector of regional problems and conflicts IMEMO the name of Yevgeny Primakov, RAS Konstantin Voronov.

“On the one hand, they took a course at deterring Russia, and with other — strive to maintain a dialogue with it. This is due to the course of the administration of the trump for a revision of allied relations and a major transformation in Western Europe, which is seeking independence after breccia,” — said the expert.

Разнонаправленная политика: что может стоять за отказом Варшавы называть Россию врагом

Us troops in Poland © Kacper Pempel

The American presence

Despite recent statements by top officials in the last few years Poland has repeatedly called for capacity-building in the country American military presence, citing the need for “protection” from Russia.

In August 2019, Prime Minister of Poland Mateusz Morawiecki said that Warsaw was interested in placing on its territory on a long term basis a new NATO base — the head of government explained that the need to strengthen the Eastern flank of the Alliance.

At the same time Minister of foreign Affairs of Poland Jacek Czaputowicz said that the expansion of the contingent of US forces in Poland will play a much greater role in containing Russia than the deployment of American forces in Western Europe.In late September, the President of the United States Donald trump and Andrzej Duda during the meeting on the sidelines of the 4th session of the UN General Assembly in new York signed a Declaration envisaging the increase in the number of US troops in Poland. According to the document, to 4.5 thousand American troops already stationed in Poland on a rotating basis, to join another 1 thousand.

After a meeting with trump and the signing of the Declaration Duda stated that such actions are “adequate response” to Russia’s policy. In his opinion, the deployment of the U.S. military is committed “to prevent new military conflicts”.

Then, on 26 September, the Minister of national defence, Mariusz Blascak said that the headquarters of the American forces on the Eastern flank of NATO prepaired from Germany to Poland. According to the Polish Minister, the US military presence in Poland, “deters any aggressor” because “American troops are the strongest in the world.”

Also, the Polish authorities actively promoted the idea of building the country’s largest military base to accommodate the American military contingent, which was proposed to be called “Fort trump.” Warsaw was ready to allocate $2 billion to Finance the project, but Washington, this idea is not supported.

Разнонаправленная политика: что может стоять за отказом Варшавы называть Россию врагом

The head of the office of the President of Poland Krzysztof Mersky globallookpress.com © Krzysztof Szczerski

“You’ll have to change your course”

It is worth noting that during an interview with Reuters Krzysztof Mersky raised another issue, which for many years speculating Warsaw in dialogue with Russia — the investigation into the crash of Tu-154 of the then President of Poland Lech Kaczynski near Smolensk in 2010.

“The decision of the Russian side to keep secret the circumstances of the crash near Smolensk, a heavy burden lies on the Russian-Polish relations,” said Merski.

We will remind, the accident occurred in April 2010, when Lech Kaczynski’s plane was landing at the airport Smolensk-North. On Board were 96 people — 88 passengers and eight crew members flying at the mourning events in Katyn. They all died.

In 2011, the interstate aviation Committee issued a final report on the results of the technical investigation in which the cause of the crash was named as the crew’s decision to land in thick fog.

Despite the conclusions of the IAC, the Polish government demanded a revision of the results of the investigation, and also began to promote various speculative and conspiracy theories of what happened, for example, about the alleged detection of traces of explosives.Konstantin Voronov, in conversation with RT said that such statements on the part of officials of the Polish obviously will not interfere with Warsaw to install any kind of contact with Moscow on the basis of one or two neutral conciliatory remarks. The desire to tone down the rhetoric against Russia may be due to economic reasons, he said.

“Poland is quite complicated, especially under the new administration of the EU, which will reduce the budget for the next five years. Accordingly, Warsaw will lose many subsidies, access funds of the European Union, which equalize levels of economic development of the countries of the Union, and many projects. In these circumstances, Poland will soon have to change its course, accordingly, the possibility of building not only political but also economic relations with Russia is increasing,” said Konstantin Voronov.

This opinion is shared by the candidate of historical Sciences, lecturer of the Department of regional studies and foreign policy history and archives Institute RSUH Vadim Trukhachev.

“Perhaps, the EU said that if Poland will be very zealous, she cut funding. Furthermore, Warsaw will presidential elections and, accordingly, carry them in the pre-war atmosphere, which was in the country until recently, it would be too much,” said the analyst in conversation with RT.

According to Vasily Kuznetsov, the statements of the Warsaw demonstrate that “power in the country all confused.”

“Russian-Polish relations today simply does not exist. The Polish authorities have ended a relationship to the contacts between our countries were reduced to a minimum. So they have to restore relations with Russia”, — concluded the expert.Alexander Karpov, Alyona Medvedeva

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