PARIS | armed conflict have displaced more than 660, 000 people in the world since the call at the end of march from the UN to a cease-fire general in the face of the crisis of the sars coronavirus, according to a report by the Norwegian refugee Council (NRC) published Friday.
On 23 march, while the pandemic blazed already in the world, the secretary-general of the UN Antonio Guterres launched an appeal to a “cease-fire immediately, anywhere in the world”, in order to protect the most vulnerable civilians in conflict-affected countries.
Between this date and the 15th of may, at least 661 000 people had to flee their homes in 19 countries affected by armed violence, according to the report of the NRC, which reminds us that the displaced, living in appalling sanitary conditions, are even more exposed to the COVID-19.
The democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) is the country most affected: the clashes between armed groups and government forces forced him to flee 482 000 persons over the period studied, according to the report.
This immense country ravaged by multiple conflicts and health crises repeatedly for decades, were already in 2019 nearly 1.7 million people displaced, says the NGO. Nothing in April, more than 260,000 people have fled attacks by armed groups and military operations in the province of Ituri (north-east), according to the report.
Even in countries where the warring parties have expressed their support to the call for a cease-fire, the fighting did not stop, the report said, citing Yemen, in the war since 2014 and in the grip of the worst humanitarian crisis in the world, according to the UN.
The region of lake Chad has also experienced a wave of population displacement, Chad and Niger being the most affected. Afghanistan, the central african Republic, Syria, Somalia and Burma have all seen more than 10 000 people displaced over the same period.
The security Council of the united nations, paralyzed by a confrontation between the United States and China, failed to agree on a resolution on a cessation of general hostilities in the face of the pandemic.
“While people are displaced and killed, the powerful members of the security Council of the united nations bicker like children in a sandbox,” said the secretary general of NRC Jan Egeland, calling them to show themselves “to the height of the situation”.