Mushroom season: how to distinguish poisonous mushrooms from edible

Грибной сезон: как отличить ядовитые грибы от съедобных

In Ukraine came the autumn, and that means it’s time to gather mushrooms. However, not every mushroom can be a useful and edible.
Edition of “RBC-Ukraine” reports that many edible mushrooms have poisonous twins, who cleverly disguised his fellows.
Here are the recommendations and tips on how to distinguish poisonous mushrooms from edible.
1. Bleda toadstool and mushroom.
Bleda phalloides is the most dangerous of the poisonous mushrooms due to a deadly toxin of amantina, against which no antidote. Moreover, it is very similar to everyone’s favorite mushroom.
The mushroom is dry, smooth or slightly scaly round cap, white or grayish color, and records that are under the cap immediately darken from the touch. They grow in open lit or swampy areas, along forest roads and even in the garden.
Toadstool has some significant differences. It has no SAC film at the base of the legs, her records under the cap do not change color from the touch and it grows mainly in deciduous forests.

2. White fungus and satanic fungus.
Edible white mushroom has a beige or white color caps, which does not change in the fault, if to tear off a piece of it.
Sataninskie mushroom has a brown or red riding hood, after which the severed piece in the fold will acquire a blue tint.

3. Honey and false honey agarics.
False mushrooms don’t carry the danger of death, however, can considerably impair the digestive process. Moreover, with these mixed them up very easily, because the mushrooms grow groups in the same areas (stumps, exposed roots, broken trees).
Edible mushrooms have a small skirt on the leg, which about no. Also, the hat edible honey has a lamellar structure and small scales. Besides, these mushrooms do not grow more than six inches.
False mushrooms often have bright coloration and unpleasant odor, which can be determined.

4. Chanterelles and false chanterelles.
These popular mushrooms also have very similar counterparts. First of all they are distinguished by the intense orange color of the cap and dark brown base legs.
In addition, these chanterelles have a thicker leg and a bulge near the cap, which doubles no.

It should be noted that this list is not full, because full of poisonous mushrooms which are cleverly disguised as edible. Therefore, in order to avoid an accident, we recommend that before going for mushrooms, armed with the appropriate reference.

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