In the care of the Mirt at home need to consider a lot of nuances which depend on the full development of the plant.
How to properly care for Myrtle at home
Myrtle is a very interesting plant that is included in the corresponding family of Myrtles. It grows in Mediterranean countries with subtropical climatic conditions. In General, the name itself is of Greek origin and comes from the word “fragrance.” Due to the similar name the fact that the leaves and flowers of this plant contains essential oils that emit a very pleasant and soothing fragrance, informs Rus.Media.
Externally, the Myrtle is a beautiful small tree has elongated and pointed leaves, arranged oppositely. The leaves have a bright green color, its cuttings short.
As to water?
When Myrtle very important to have regular watering: it is impossible to forget that the plant is from the subtropics, so it loves moisture. Along with the waterings should be sprayed every day tree. If land is sufficiently moist, the plant will begin to turn yellow and dry.
And spraying, and watering should be done only with the help of settled water.
In winter watering rules change: you need to go to a moderate regime, that is, one watering a week. Also eliminates the need for spraying (only if tree is not left in a warm room).
It is best to place the Myrtle on the South side of the house. In principle, the Myrtle will grow on the Eastern side and even Western. But in this place, in the South window the plant will be maximum comfortable and will be able to blossom. Note, however, that in the afternoon, especially in summer, should be lightly shaded tree. To do this, use a screen or curtain.
Temperature and humidity
When selecting the temperature regime again, consider the natural habitat of the plant. For this reason, in summer, the optimum temperature is about 22-24 degrees. It will be useful to make a tree in the garden or on the balcony. A constant finding Myrtle in the apartment, do not forget to ventilate the room.
In winter, it is necessary to decrease the temperature to 10 degrees.
With all this need to ensure an appropriate level of humidity: in summer it needs to be high enough.
A little about dressing
When Myrtle can safely use complex fertilizers intended for flowering houseplants. In summer, the optimum frequency of feeding, every week. In winter this can be done on a monthly basis.
Myrtle is a plant that is slow growing, so transplant is not recommended too often. However, all young trees should be transplanted every year, increasing the volume of the pot. Adult plants can be in the same pot for about 3-4 years.
The most optimal time for transplantation – winter, when the tree is dormant.
The whole transplant process looks like this:
- Recommended to dry earthen room, which does not irrigate within several days. This will facilitate the extraction of plants;
- Then just flip the old pot with the plant and carefully removing the tree, holding him by the base of the trunk;
- The roots of the plants need to handle some kind of stimulant, that improve the survival of Myrtle;
- The new pot is filled with clay pebbles. We should not forget about the drainage;
- Then preparing the substrate. By the way, when initial landing, and in the future, the best substrate is peat and loam (30%) and humus and river sand or sifted (20%);
- The prepared substrate is filled to the bottom of the pot;
- The plant is established in its new pot is filled with substrate is aligned;
- After the transplant should be watered abundantly Myrtle, until the water seeps from the drainage holes;
After all phases of the tree is transferred to a shaded area.
There are two method of reproduction Myrtle:
Propagation by cuttings will occur if the soil temperature will reach 25 degrees. This is an extremely important condition.
Reproduction is performed using apical cuttings.
Another option propagation – using seeds. This method has a major drawback: the seeds germinate for a long time. But many are already familiar with such difficulties and may try to grow a Myrtle that way. For propagation by seed you need to prepare the substrate, consisting of peat and sand. The mixture is also recommended to sprinkle a little soil. The substrate and the soil surface is covered with a plastic film.
For good germination it is important to observe two conditions:
- To provide ambient light;
- To monitor the temperature, which should be maintained at 21 degrees.
Equally important in this method of reproduction to form a crown.
Flowering young plants have to wait for the second or third year.
Want to get flowers of the Myrtle have to know that this should not trim the plant in spring. Pruning is generally better to postpone until then, until the end of flowering.
The flowering period is the beginning and the middle of the summer, June-July. The flowers turned out beautiful, you must comply with two rules:
- To provide proper care for tree;
- To organize permanent access of fresh air for the plants.
Improper care will lead to the development of diseases, and in this case to talk about the bloom will not have to. Not observed flowering and when the concentration of Myrtle in the indoor environment, where mainly the stagnant air.
The flowers of the tree are arranged like this:
- Or in the axils of the leaves single;
- Or when assembled in the brush.
Petals 4-6, the flowers are simple and double. The main part of the flower is located in the upper part of the plant because that is where the best lighting.
Diseases and pests of Myrtle, methods of dealing with them
To begin, we note that any special diseases or serious problems of Myrtle is not observed. But some of the disease are sometimes unable to meet.
For example, in conditions of poorly drained the soil by trees may develop root rot. Some problems can arise from failure to comply with the key rules of care: insufficient light, poor irrigation. It is always important to consider the fact that Myrtle is a quite capricious plant, and therefore every condition, her care must be followed as accurately as possible.
Also the tree is often exposed to the attacks of insects: thrips, scale insects, spider mites, and aphids. For this reason, you need to carefully monitor the condition of the plant and, if there are any negative signs, carefully inspect for presence of insects. Especially important is a requirement with respect to old plants.
If pests were discovered, it is necessary to obtain an appropriate drug to combat them. To use this product in strict accordance with the instructions.