Not in vain praise: why to praise children is harmful

Не хвалите напрасно: почему перехваливать детей вредно

Scientists have found that undue praise has a negative effect on the performance of children and their educational motivation.

to such conclusion experts from the University of Edinburgh, who published the results of an experiment in Journal of Experimental Psychology.

Scientists conducted a study involving students in grades 5-6 from Chinese schools poor district, among whom were 89 boys and girl 101.

Students were divided into three groups and were asked to solve each on three tasks of different complexity. The first group after the completion of each activity encouraged by the words: “You did a good job”, the second “You’re a smart man for himself”, the third group was left without praise.

Then the researchers compared the progress of children in all groups and for the entire period of study.

Thus experts were testing two types of thinking allocated to Western psychologists. The first is “growth Mindset” (“you tried to glory”) — the essence of which is that not all predefined natural abilities, and much could be accomplished with diligence and work. The second is the “static thinking” (“you’re a smart man for himself”), which assumes that all of the abilities inherent in us genetically. The experiment showed that positive motivation not only gave the children a positive effect, but in some cases harm the results of school — they have significantly falling grades.
In the result, the experts came to the conclusion that trying excessively to encourage the child, adults often ignore serious problems that children faced in learning. It is not necessary to use motivational phrases like the only way to rectify the academic performance of children.

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