October 17 – international day for the eradication of poverty

17 октября  - Международный день борьбы за ликвидацию нищеты

October 17 marks the international day for the eradication of poverty(International Day for the Eradication of Poverty).

The observance of the International day for the eradication of poverty can be traced back to 17 October 1987. That day more than hundred thousand people gathered at Trocadero in Paris, where in 1948 was signed the universal Declaration of human rights to pay tribute to the victims of extreme poverty, violence and hunger.

They proclaimed that poverty is a violation of human rights, and reaffirmed the need for joint efforts to enforce those rights. These convictions are inscribed in a Commemorative stone, which was opened that day.

Since then, people of different backgrounds, beliefs and social origins have gathered every year on 17 October to renew their commitment and show their solidarity with the poor. Replicas of the commemorative stone have been unveiled around the world, and they are a gathering place for the Day. One such stone is in the garden of the headquarters of the United Nations, and is the site of the gala ceremony, organised annually by the Secretariat of the United Nations in new York.

In 1992, in its resolution (A/RES/47/196), the UN General Assembly declared 17 October as the International day for the eradication of poverty and invited all States to devote the Day carrying out and promotion, depending on country circumstances, specific interventions related to the elimination of poverty and misery. And the purpose of this Day is to increase awareness of the need for the eradication of poverty and destitution in all countries.

In the resolution, the Assembly urged intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations to assist States, at their request, assistance in organizing national events in connection with the Day, and requested the Secretary-General to take the necessary measures, within its available resources to ensure the success of the Day by the United Nations.

October 17th is the day when the world can actively draw attention to the hardships and disasters of people living in poverty when they are unable to speak out about their problems, and when you can recognize that the poor plays a major role in the fight against poverty. Since the start of the Day it is the most important part was the participation of the representatives of the poor. The day of 17 October also reflects the willingness of persons living in poverty to use their expertise and knowledge in order to promote the eradication of poverty.

And each year the events held in the framework of the Day dedicated to a specific theme, among which in different years were: “joint efforts to end poverty”, “human Rights and dignity of people living in poverty”, “Children and families speak out against poverty”, “From poverty to decent work: bridging the gap”, “leaving No one behind: think, decide and act together against extreme poverty”, “building a sustainable future: together to end poverty and discrimination”, etc.

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