Photo: Jacques Grenier Archives The Duty
Diabetes will affect approximately 629 million people in 2045, the predicted FID.
One in 11 adults in the world ($425 million) is diagnosed with diabetes, 10 million more than in 2015, according to figures published Tuesday by the international diabetes Federation (IDF) on the occasion of the world Day dedicated to this disease.
“Diabetes is one of the biggest health emergencies in the world. More action is needed […] to reduce the economic and social burden ” that it represents, the judge in a statement that the IDF, in which the figures are based on adults aged 20 to 79 years.
She believes that ” diabetes represents 12 % of health expenditures worldwide [727 billion US$] “.
Diabetes, ” which is associated with a number of complications affecting the eyes, heart, kidneys, nerves and feet “, is about 629 million people by 2035, as predicted by the FID.
While it is often assumed erroneously that diabetes is a disease of the affluent, the sub-saharan Africa is the region of the world where diabetes is the most advance in the world (+109 % against +22 % in Europe). Thus, more than 40 million Africans will be diagnosed with type 2 diabetes by 2035, making this disease a “public health problem” on the continent, announced on Tuesday that specialists in Abidjan.
“In sub-saharan Africa, the number of patients with type 2 diabetes was 19.8 million in 2013. By 2035, this number will more than double to $ 41.5 million, ” according to the Atlas of diabetes the IDF.
“These are alarming figures, and even under-estimated, these pathologies will increase everywhere in the world, but Africa will see the greatest growth,” said Dr. Amy Fall-Ndao, medical director of Sanofi francophone Africa.
“It was thought to be a disease of rich people. This is not true, ” says for its part, the director of the national program of fight against non-communicable diseases in Côte d’ivoire, Dr Valery Adouéni.
Diabetes, a disorder of the assimilation of sugars by the body, exists in two forms.
Type 2 diabetes (almost 90 % of cases) corresponds to a prolonged increase in the rate of sugar in the blood, often associated with obesity and lifestyle (inactivity, diet, etc.). Type 1 diabetes, which appears most often in a brutal way in the child’s or young adulthood, is characterized by insufficient production of insulin, a hormone secreted by the pancreas.
According to the IDF, ” more than 350 million adults currently run a high risk of developing type 2 diabetes “, or 34 million more than in 2015.