BALANCE SHEET The Ile-de-France regional chamber of accounts unveils a flash audit of the “crack plan” implemented between 2019 and 2021

< img class = "aligncenter" src = "/wp-content/uploads/2021/12/parisnbsp-why-malgreacute-25nbspmillions-deuros-le-nbspplan-cracknbsp-na-rien-changeacute-pour-les-residents-2a324e1. jpg "alt =" Paris & nbsp ;: Why, despite & nbsp; 25 & nbsp; million euros, the & ldquo; & ldquo; & ldquo; & ldquo; crack plan & nbsp; & rsquo; has & rsquo; nothing changed for the local residents & dquo; />

Crack consumers, September 26, at the Porte de la Villette square, in Paris. – Eric DESSONS/JDD/SIPA

  • The “crack plan” launched in May 2019 and bringing together the State, Paris city hall and associations, must be completed at the end of the year.
  • The regional chamber of accounts (CRC) in shows a mixed picture, with a sharp increase in emergency accommodation, but which was not enough to cope with the influx of crack users.
  • Indirect objective of the plan to “reduce unrest caused to public tranquility is found to be limited, ”says the CRC report.

Voil & agrave ;, it & rsquo; is finished & hellip; Not the career of Jean-Louis Aubert but the & laquo; & nbsp; crack plan & nbsp; & raquo; launched in 2019 and which must be completed the end of the year. The Regional Chamber of Accounts (CRC) of Ile-de-France has therefore decided; to take stock of its implementation, & agrave; the hour when & ugrave; many crack users will spend Christmas at the Porte de la Villette square, on the outskirts of the 19th arrondissement. Almost 25 million euros were spent mobilized over three years and yet for residents, nothing has really changed. Moreover, the CRC recognizes it & nbsp; & nbsp; & nbsp; & ldquo; & nbsp; the means implemented did not allow enough of & rsquo; remove [the crack users] from the street and thus reduce the disorders & agrave; public order. How to explain this failure?

Firstly, because the & ldquo; & ldquo; plan crack & rsquo; & rsquo; & rsquo; which brought together the prefecture of Ile-de-France, the police prefecture, the interministerial mission for the fight against drugs and addictive behavior (Mildeca), the ARS, the City of Paris and the Paris prosecutor's office did not primarily target & agrave; reduce nuisance on public roads. & ldquo; The primary logic is the medical and social care of crack users, explains Christian Martin, president of the CRC of Ile-de-France. & nbsp; This is not a shot directly shot towards safety public but indirectly, by removing users from the street, to reduce nuisance in the street. & nbsp; & raquo; Obviously if the primary objective is not, or poorly achieved, the one that follows will not be either.

More and more crack smokers

However, despite means much more consequent than anticipated & ndash; almost 25 million euros over three years against 9 million registered, & ld; the plan was undersized & eacute; & nbsp; & rdquo;, notes Christian Martin. In part because & ldquo; the will & nbsp; was not to process the whole of the problem, there was also an experimentation component. But also because & ldquo; & ldquo; since the start of 2020, the number of crack users in public space has increased. due to the arrival of a new audience, & rsquo ;, says the CRC report.

Today there would be 700 800 crack consumers in the public space. However, the plan only provided for doubling the number of places in emergency accommodation, generally in hotel rooms, by increasing them from 60 to 60%. 120. And even if, & agrave; thanks to the health crisis, the public authorities have gone far beyond this. objectives by opening around 400 places, there are still, according to the associations, around 300 & agrave; 350 & agrave; wandering the streets, with the potential nuisance this can generate.

A bottleneck

On the other hand, the plan provided for a logical course. Vulnerable users are first taken care of by marauders, then installed in emergency accommodation before being given medical and social monitoring. As much, the first two phases have seen a boost, as much the following passes for the poor relation. & ldquo; The creation of places for LHSS [health care drop-in beds] and LAM [Medicated reception bed] still remains in place. The project status, just like the Therapeutic Coordination Apartments [ACT] & nbsp; & rdquo;, laments the report. Consequence: & nbsp; & nbsp; & nbsp; & nbsp; the average length of stay [in emergency accommodation] before obtaining a place & nbsp; & raquo; downstream & ldquo; & nbsp; can be estimated; & agrave; five years & raquo; & hellip;

Another issue raised by CRC, & ldquo; & ldquo; the plan did not include night raids, when noise nuisance is most noticeable and disturbing & nbsp; & raquo ;. Likewise, & ldquo; of the six planned rest areas, only two were open & raquo ;. And above all, they are only open during the day & nbsp; while & ldquo; & ldquo; & nbsp; the main nuisance for tranquility public events are mostly seen at night, & rdquo; according to the CRC. Due, according to the magistrates, to a lack of human and land resources, finding a place to accommodate this type of population & agrave; Paris is indeed complicated.

Neither the residents, nor the crackers were involved. taken into account

On the other hand, notes Christian Martin, & ldquo; & ldquo; no additional action taken on the security actions; crackdown and crackdown: If you don't tackle the problem from both ends, it's never-ending. & nbsp; & raquo; Nevertheless, according to the CRC report, & ldquo; the Police Prefecture believes that the mobilization of its services made it possible to proceed. an increased number of arrests of dealers. What the City of Paris disputes.

Last but not least, the absence of local residents and crack users limits their effectiveness. of the crack plan. Responding to the report, Jean-Louis Loirat, the chairman of the Oppelia association, which works with these vulnerable audiences, noted that & ldquo; & nbsp; the pre-report underlines & rsquo; due to the weakness, not to say the absence, of taking into account the & nbsp; word of the local residents & nbsp; & raquo ;. In addition, he warns that & ldquo; since the AIDS epidemic, we know that nothing can be done for users without users. And according to him & ldquo; this blind spot seems to us a major factor in the failure & nbsp; & rdquo ;. Lessons & agrave; fire pending a possible new & ldquo; & nbsp; & rdquo; crack plan & rdquo;, which is not planned at this time.

Agreement and disagreement

It had started well, but it ended in black pudding. The rather exceptional coordination of so many different actors was the basis of the “crack plan”. And if it was “intense during the height of the health crisis”, notes Christian Martin, little by little “the meetings are becoming less frequent, more informal, and less conclusive: the desire for coordination is running out of steam”. For example, notes the report, “the arrests of crack users generally give rise, in accordance with the directives of the Paris prosecutor's office [yet a signatory to the plan like the police headquarters], to the destruction of crack pipes […]. Yet these are often part of the lower risk inhalation equipment distributed by CAARUD […] and funded by ARS, the City of Paris and Mildeca. ” We walk on the head. Moreover, writes the president of the Oppelia association: “the controversial disagreements […] between the various public authorities in recent months, in particular between the City of Paris and the police headquarters, have strongly contributed to the weakening of the initial dynamic ”. To the detriment of crack users.