Photo: Ernesto Benavides Archives Agence France-Presse
The liberal government promised last year to provide the UN with about 600 soldiers and 150 police officers.
Justin Trudeau promises to support peacekeeping missions of the united Nations with military equipment and the training of peacekeepers. But to know where, when and how Canada will support its allies, it will have to wait. Because the government has no details to offer at the moment.
The prime minister is the host this week of an international conference on peace operations in the world. For the occasion, he, too, had a contribution to offer to the united Nations : aircraft and helicopter transport ; a rapid-response team ; and a helping hand to train peacekeepers from other countries, and to ensure the recruitment of more women in the armies of our allies.
All those promises, over a period of five years, remain, however, to negotiate with the united Nations and peacekeeping missions that are likely to claim this aid canadian. The canadian government is not able to specify within which operations it will be ready to offer its support and in which countries. The discussions and the decision-making process will likely take six to nine months, warns the government. “It is not to announce something today and have of the canadian armed Forces on the ground in the next week or the next,” said a senior official at a briefing for the media, which can not be identified.
The Trudeau government had promised, in the summer of 2016, to deploy up to 600 soldiers and 150 police officers within peace operations of the UN. This is always the case, but these forces will be divided among various operations.
The peace missions of the un will be able to call in a tactical support aircraft and helicopters that are armed for a maximum of 12 months at a time ; or a rapid intervention force of about 200 members of the armed forces and their equipment. The government has not been able to disaggregate the number of soldiers and equipment that could be deployed, because everything will depend on the operations that will be approved by the prime minister. The deployment of a helicopter Hercules, for example, may involve a hundred military if it is sent to extinguish a forest fire in British Columbia, but the number of military personnel can jump to 600 if the situation is more dangerous on the ground and that he should bluntly create an air base and ensure its security.
Canada will also provide training in schools or training centres such as those in Uganda or Kenya. Teams of advisers of formation (probably of a few tens of people) can also be deployed in one or two countries, where they will have the blue Helmets premises before and possibly during their mission with UN.
The Trudeau government promises finally a five-year project, with a budget of six million dollars, aimed at increasing the number of women peacekeepers. The UN had given the goal, two years ago, doubling their number. Women still represent, however, only 4.4 % of the personnel of the missions for the un — 3.7% of the 81 000 military personnel deployed, 9.8% of the police officers. Canada will partner with one or two countries which contribute in the efforts to maintain the peace of the united nations for help to recruit and train women in their ranks, and to help the missions of the international organization to make a place for women. The government will also create a fund, in which it will invest $ 15 million, to encourage countries to deploy more women.
The representatives of 70 governments met in Vancouver, Tuesday and Wednesday to discuss the peace operations of the UN, and pledge their own contributions to the efforts of the international organization.