The researchers assessed the extent of human activity in the Antarctic, after analyzing satellite data for the period from 2005 to 2016.
Today, Antarctica is the largest protected area in the world. But people are actively exploring and this icy continent. The researchers assessed the extent of human activity in the southern part of the globe, analyzing satellite data for the period from 2005 to 2016, informs Rus.Media.
According to their research, all the buildings in Antarctica cover of 0.4 square kilometers, which is comparable to the area of the Vatican. While 81% of them occupy 54 274 square km of the continent, which is free from the ice. This is less than half a percent of the whole of Antarctica without ice.
Visual trace of a man, which refers to the land and waters with visible human activity, is 93 500 square kilometers, of which 58500 square kilometers refer only to the land.
The total area of the Antarctic territories, with direct human intervention is 5 242 square kilometers. More than half of the large areas with no ice near the shore, where penguins and other characteristic of the Antarctic species of the human footprint. To protect the continent from human activities, in 1961, was adopted by a Treaty with a view to its regulation.