What a coincidence that the publication of this history of pharmacy in Quebec, while the whole world is grappling with the worst pandemic in its history and in different countries it is active in laboratories to discover the vaccine that will save hundreds of thousands of lives. The pharmacy, in general like that of the street corner, will have a crucial role to play in this chain of solidarity to save lives.
To arrive at the Jean Coutu and other Familiprix today, it was necessary to go through all kinds of periods from the recipes of grandmothers and decoctions scots of our brothers the indians up to the followed e-today, through the creation of a genuine pharmaceutical industry and major research laboratories.
It is now far, the time in which the pharmacist prepared his decoctions, in a small corner of his local. But it is not very far from the time when the pharmacist was considered a vulgar seller of pills. The oldest recall that he was selling the same cigarettes.
Today, the pharmacist may contribute to certain diagnoses and make decisions regarding the health of a person suffering. This is to say that its role has changed. It is this evolution, this “quiet revolution” in the practice of the profession, according to the expression of Yanick Villedieu in his preface, that reflects the author Johanne Collin, a sociologist and a historian.
In Quebec, we live in a double tradition, the French and british, and the practice of pharmacy is no exception. But before, there were the Arabs, who ” have played a fundamental role in the transmission of medical knowledge and pharmaceuticals from Antiquity to the Middle Ages “. Most importantly, they will serve as a transmission belt of knowledge of the Romans and Greeks to come up in Europe. They must, among other things, the use of the alembic for the manufacture of various alcoholic beverages, plants such as borage, the aniseed, the cinnamon, the camphor, the poison-nut, of precious stones with which they lend themselves to all kinds of virtues, of the nitrate of silver, salts of gold and of silver, of mercury and potash. Did you know that the syrup used in pharmacy comes from the Arabic Scharâb, which means drink ?
It is from the Sixteenth century, as the author says, that seem to be the first pharmacopoeia in the modern sense of the term, ” that is to say, those constituting collections of official medicines “. In 1638, in France, after 39 years of hard work and experimentation of all kinds, appears to be the first codex that brings together ” all the materials and recipes used in the manufacture of drugs “. There are some 650 plants, 90 animal products, and some sixty minerals. “Oils, small dogs, earthworms, lizards, toads, frogs, and scorpions mix of powders obtained with the help of teeth and skulls crushed and a wide range of products crafted from excreta of humans or animals “. What shudder in the period of the pandemic.
The relationship between doctors and apothecaries have always been strained. Because of their long years of study, the disciples of Aesculapius allow the right to monitor the pharmacists, their premises and their products. The doctors did not hesitate to criticize some of the dubious practices of their colleagues apothecaries, which replicate in the same way. Until the establishment, in 1777, the College of pharmacy of Paris, who will at last give its letters of nobility to the profession.
In Quebec, after the defeat of 1760, the practitioners of pharmacy must give place to the apothecaries and other chemists and druggists of british origin. But they will come back into force at the beginning of the Twentieth century, ” the rich in this of a double heritage, unique on the north american continent “. We could even say triple, taking into account the contribution of recipes native american, primarily plant-based, in the healing of certain diseases.
In the time of a pandemic to the COVID-19, here is a reading that is required. You will know a little more about the importance of hygienic measures in the live-set to avoid any type of outbreaks.
Fight against the zombies/ These ideas that are destroying America
The journalist Paul Krugman, economics Nobel laureate, has gathered a party of his editorials published weekly in the New York Times. These “ideas zombies” of which he speaks are, in fact, false news that the ultralibéraux and large corporations carry them and which eventually impose, such as, among others, on the Obamacare, the health insurance, which would work badly, because supposedly it was too expensive. Imagine : in the midst of a pandemic, people die in the United States because they cannot afford the exorbitant costs of health care and hospitalization. “There is still time, said the reporter, to fight for truth and justice by eradicating all ideas-zombies. ”
Alain Badiou is a French philosopher, too little known in Quebec. Icon of the radical left and is a specialist in Marx, he wonders about the election of a man like Trump at the head of the largest imperial power in the world, four years ago. He was then to Los Angeles, invited by the University of California. He lived, that night, ” the horror of a night deep […] a disaster […] that causes irresistible to feelings of depression, fear, or even panic “. In a hundred pages, it explains in simple terms the millennial struggle for justice, so that today ” two hundred and sixty-four people possess, by inheritance, or by income, as much as seven billion others who populate the world “.
The real life is here/Travel yet ?
At the time of the confinement mandatory or self-imposed by the pandemic of COVID-19, this book asks essential questions. Why travel and escape even if it is now “possible to eat a hamburger as well in Beijing as in Paris” ? But, as writes the author, ” the temptation of the journey is rooted in us “. Elsewhere we questions, we plot, beyond tourism professionals, who intend to shape our desires and tastes. Travel thus leaving the least traces possible. “We exist thanks to our itineraries. “A book full of wisdom.