The new majority municipale union of the left and environmentalists East the first in France at transcribe for its agents la limitation du right to strike, provided by the reform of the public service of 2019. Un agreement was signed between many unions and the Town Hall to put an end to strikes repeat “tatas”, name given in Marseille to the ATSEM, understaffeds chronics, who take care of school canteens.
« The agents expected a strong gesture on the recognition of the arduousness of their work. Instead, the social dialogue began urgently to engage trade unions in signing a memorandum of understanding on minimum service in the event of a strike. », Jointly deplores the CGT Ville de Marseille and the FSU Territoriale des Bouches-du-Rhône. On the other hand, the general plan of the Town hall for the schools will wait until 2021. A first meeting is not scheduled until January. In its program, the Printemps Marseillais promised investments, recruitments, and ” to take staff out of precariousness ».
But before tackling the causes of the recurring difficulties in the schools of the Marseille city, the municipality begins by breaking the thermometer of the social malaise that reigns there. Friday, December 11, she signed an agreement providing for her agents a notice period of 48 hours to declare themselves on strike and the obligation to be on strike from the first hour of service. One way to prevent strikes lasting an hour or part of the working day of low-income officers.
Or finally the provisions contained in an amendment to the law of ” civil service transformation », Voted by the senatorial right in June 2019. A measure adroitly modified then by the presidential majority in the final text of the law. This refers to local negotiations leading to the same result, but after discussion with the social partners. The negotiations should not exceed 12 months, after which, in the event of failure to reach an agreement, the town halls are authorized to put in place these provisions unilaterally. A “framework” of strikes in the form of a step backwards, after a media campaign with anti-civil servant overtones about their working time. All this against the backdrop of government objectives of reducing the number of employees in the public service.
A social regression on the left
To date, Marseille is the second city to implement this limitation on the right to strike. Rennes, led by Nathalie Appéré of the Socialist Party, preceded it, but ahead of the law in 2018. A laboratory in a way. Suddenly, Marseille is the first city to sign an agreement on the subject. For a left-wing municipality, environmentalist and citizen, this is a bit of a stain. Especially since the text on the transformation of the public service did not impose any urgency to translate locally the modification of the obligations made to the strikers.
In charge of negotiations for the City Council, the fourth assistant to the city Olivia Fortin considers the agreement as a step forward. Questioned by La Marseillaise, she still tries to justify herself: “cand chord allows three things that are entirely left […] Allow agents to find a working environment, ensure parents can work normally and finally allow children to eat lunch “. Almost Blanquer in the text. Not sure that the Marseilles “tatas” appreciate the left-wing nature of the statements made by the elected official, also a business manager in the events sector.
However, the city council will ratify the agreement in session on December 21, for application from the end of year holidays last: at the start of the school year, January 5. On the union side, the CGT and the FSU consider that the agreement – which they will not sign – does not solve the problems. They prefer to focus on other emergencies: “ a structural lack of staff », Which results in a low level of supervision of children: one agent for 25 pupils in nursery school and one for 50 pupils in primary school. Hence, ” degraded working conditions “And” overdue staff “. A situation further aggravated by the management of Covid-19.
This did not prevent three trade unions from initialing the agreement with the new municipality. Force Ouvrière in the lead, the first trade union organization among local people in Marseille. However, the union, long accused of municipal co-management with the Gaudin system, had in its time filed strike notices in the canteens for the ATSEM. Suddenly, despite the shift to the left of the municipal majority, its support practices hardly seem to change. Other signatories of the agreement, the CGC-CFTC electoral alliance and Unsa which says it takes its responsibilities in a press release dated December 14.
Clearly, the exercise of municipal power by the left or by left-wing coalitions, even tinged with a citizen list, does not prevent bad blows for social movements. A reality that is illustrated once again in Marseille, but also in Saint-Denis and Grenoble.