The flower deservedly popular very beautiful and unpretentious flower – Primula room. Otherwise, it is called the common primrose.
In natural conditions it grows in the Crimea, the Carpathians, the Caucasus, Western Europe and North Africa, informs Rus.Media.
Rod primrose belongs to the family of primroses. Plant height usually ranges from five to twenty centimeters, fibrous roots. The leaves average three inches in diameter, rosette, oblong-oval or lanceolate, with serrated edges, pubescent and wrinkled.
Primroses are annual and perennial. For growing at home better suited to an annual flower, for example, obconica or Chinese primrose.
Care at home
Despite the fact that Primula is undemanding to growing conditions, adhere to in the process of growing certain rules still have.
Illumination. For the placing of a pot of Primula are ideal for Windows facing West, East or North. Drafts should not be. Optimal for growing will be a bright room, but direct sun on the plant should be avoided.
Temperature. Optimal for primroses is a range from +16 to +20 C. Even if the temperature in the room does not rise above +16, abundant flowering is still possible to achieve.
When the primrose blooms, it is desirable to reduce the ambient temperature up to +12-14 Sec. In spring and autumn would be the best temperature range of +18 to +20 C, in winter – from +16 to +18 C. a Suitable temperature of the air provides long and abundant flowering.
Watering. Primrose should be watered moderately, allowing to dry the surface of the substrate. We can not allow drying earthen coma, but the overflow of the plant is contraindicated, the root system rots.
Never pour water directly on the leaves. If you ignore this rule, the leaves will begin to rot.
Humidity. Primrose room easily tolerate higher and lower humidity. Spray the plant, as it will lead to rotting leaves.
The ground. To avoid water stagnation should be put on the bottom of the pot a layer of drainage, otherwise the roots zagniyut. The substrate is the easiest way to buy in a flower shop already cooked and is suitable for plants of the family of the primroses. To make the soil mixture with your hands, take the same amount of peat, leaf soil and sand.
Feeding. To support and stimulate the development of the primrose should be used weak solutions of mineral fertilizers that are composed of minerals. Feeding are made once in two weeks. During the rest of the flower they do not need.
If you fertilize before flowering, it will grow only leaves, therefore, fertilize the primrose, when it has already bloomed.
Periodically remove the plants Sachse leaves, stems and flowers.
Primrose is planted by dividing the Bush and seeds. In the second method, planting is carried out in specially prepared soil, in a shallow but wide container. After planting they should be covered with glass or plastic. To ensure germination, it is necessary to create favorable temperature range: from +16 to +17 Sec. If planting is done correctly, the first shoots will appear after 14 days. When they will be at 1-2 leaf, plants should be transplanted into pots.
The optimal time for breeding primroses division – 3-5 year of life. Before this age the flower grows well. Dig the plant and divide into several parts. Thus it is necessary to pay attention to the kidney restore – it should be on each piece. Sprinkle the cut with ash and plant faster to soil mix. In the first month the seedlings require abundant watering. The best time to start growing primrose – autumn and spring.
The optimal time for transplantation primrose – once in four years. Whether in conjunction with a change to propagate the flower. The best time for the procedure – the end of September.
Transplant the Primula should be after purchase. This is because the care of plants in a place where it was acquired, is different from what is in the home. It is not necessary to transplant the flower at a glance: the plant should adapt to the new conditions. Otherwise, the stress associated with change, superimposed on the weakness caused by the change of environment and green pet may die.
Most growers begin transplanting the plant, if not satisfied with its appearance or, for example, bought a beautiful new pot. Approach to the care of the flower needs to be smart.
Pests and diseases
The most common disease of primroses is the rot of the stems and root system. Also common:
- powdery mildew;
- cucumber mosaic.
The most dangerous for primrose spotting is caused by fungus regular cercosporella. As a rule, the plants affected in may. The first symptom on the leaves appear pale spot rounded. Over time the spots become reddish-brown with yellowish spots or become gray. In July, the spots covered by white or gray bloom, the affected leaves dry up. Primula is not in bloom and often dies.
Get rid of the scourge will help the fungicide. Remove and destroy leaves with spots, and then treat flower “Topsino” or “Fundazol” in accordance with the instructions for use of the drug.
Of pests on the leaf of Primula settle and root-knot nematode, weevil, aphid, spider mite. In severe cases pests treat flower “Acarina”, “Proforma” or “Fufanon” in accordance with the instructions for use.