A team of 58 scientists went to a one-month expedition to explore the abyss near the coast of Australia. Conducting research at depths of 4000-6000 meters, scientists had hoped to find many new species, and they succeeded. Scientists have found many interesting specimens, the appearance of which ranged from strange to scary. Their unusual appearance they are required high water pressures, eternal darkness and a small amount of food, which can be found at this depth, reports the Telegraph.
Glass sponge (Glass Sponge), the Glass sponges have a skeleton composed of six-rayed silicon needles, some of which can reach one meter in length. They feed by “sifting” through your body of bacteria and other unicellular organisms from the water.
Needle red crab (Red Crab Spiny) This bright red crab has a spiny armor of thorns, which protect his body from the dangers of the ocean depths. Actually that’s not true crabs because they have a greater kinship with the hermit crabs, despite the fact that they have a spiny carapace.
Fish-coffin (Coffinfish) This mysterious little deep-sea fish is a coffin with muddy blue eyes and red fins belongs to the group of udenstvertne. This is potentially a new species.
Peanut worm (Peanut Worm): This deep-sea worm belonging to the family of worms called sipunculida, and though it looks like something else, the scientists saw in the form of the similarity with peanuts in the shell. The word on the peanuts they are becoming more like when you squeeze his head inside. They can also produce offspring from both of the opposite sex, so on their own.
Shark vyrazitel cookies (Cookiecutter Shark) or Brazilian glowing shark This terrible bioluminescent shark has sharp triangular teeth close to and dwells at a depth of about 1000 meters. It preys on large fish, sharks, whales, dolphins, gnawing at them to pieces the size of a cookie, hence the name.
Fish-drop (Blob Fish) This fish was caught from a depth of 2.5 km close to the New South Wales, Australia. It has soft, watery flesh and to obtain its food by ambush, lying motionless on the bottom waiting for unsuspecting prey to pass by.
Fish-lizard (Lizard Fish) to Be the dominant predator on the depth of 1000-2500 meters is very difficult, because at this depth very little food. So the fish-lizards live far away from each other to maximize scarce resources.
“Faceless” fish (“Faceless” Fish) This eyeless and faceless fish was discovered at a depth of 4000 meters. For the first time this species was discovered over 140 years ago in the Northern Coral sea during the first Oceanographic expedition sail-steam Corvette “Challenger”. A century later, the species was re-opened in Australia.
Grimpoteuthis, also known as the Dumbo octopus (Dumbo Octopus) Its unusual name, this octopus has got due to the presence of fins, very reminiscent of the ears of the disney character Dumbo. However, in contrast to the cartoon elephant, this octopus uses its fins to gently glide through the deep and dark abyss.
Corallimorph (Corallimorph), These coral organisms belong to the same group as anemones, jelly fish, hard corals and other sea creatures palpal.
A brittle star, or smaakvolle, or brittle star (Brittle Star) brittle Stars are found worldwide, from the Northern shores of Siberia and ending in the southern part of Antarctica, but despite this they are yet still unknown.
Osedax or zombie worm (Zombie Worm) Osedax can be found in the decaying remains of whales on the ocean floor. They make their way to the bone and find their living there. These worms have no mouths and intestines, but they have bacteria that digest food for them.
Giant sea spiders are actually it not quite spiders, but some of the oldest arthropods of the planet Earth. The structure of their body is very simple, because it is slightly more complex than an ordinary straw, of which they are composed. Many sea spiders have legs that glow in the dark.
Carnivorous crustaceans (Flesh-Eating Crustaceans), These amphipods, also known as amphipods, are deep-sea scavengers, absorbing almost all the nutrients that they face, including the decaying remains of dead whales that come from the world over them.
Holothuria scotoplanes, also known as the Sea pig (Sea Pig), These funny creatures have been discovered in Freycinet marine reserve near Tasmania. They are a kind of vacuum cleaner of the ocean, because during the movement along the bottom they absorb microorganisms through their tubular legs.
Hedgehog-pancake (Pancake Urchin) In fact, these round sea creatures in their natural environment is not round.
Fish tripod (Tripod Fish) In the Russian language these fish are better known as abyssal batter. Like all fish of this species that has very rigid fins and small eyes. In the process of obtaining food, they become against the tide exposing their pectoral fins forward, trying to smell prey that will sail past them.
Blind acne acne This unusual jelly has a skin where no scales and live at depths of 2000-6000 meters. In addition he has no eyes, because at the depth at which it lives, there is no light.