The Trudeau government plays its international reputation in the next few hours in New York, where the Un members will vote to determine whether Canada deserves a non-permanent seat in the security Council of the UN. Far from being a favorite, the Canada tire even the rear compared to the other two candidates, Norway and Ireland, according to several observers.
What is the merit of the application in canada ?
The international presence of Canada does not reflect the speech of Justin Trudeau, according to Jocelyn Coulon, a researcher at the Centre d’études et de recherches internationales of the Université de Montréal (CERIUM). For this ex-political advisor to the minister of foreign Affairs in 2016-2017, a defeat would illustrate ” the little influence that we exercise in the world “.
“Norway and Ireland have done things in the past five years, they have a balance substantial to present, which is not the case of Canada “, he says.
The canadian contribution to the international development assistance is at its lowest, and the number of embassies, diplomatic missions and blue Helmets on the ground is far from the lustre of yesteryear. In 2019, for example, canadian police peacekeepers have pulled out of the fight against extremism in Mali, at the same time, where 400 peacekeepers in ireland were on a mission of peace in Lebanon.
Difficult to defend the peace in the world when it is one of the 12 biggest arms exporters in the world, ” adds Bianca Mugyenyi, a coordinator with the canadian Institute of foreign policy. The Institute has delivered an open letter signed by more than 2500 people and more than 30 organizations to all the ambassadors of the United Nations, urging them to vote against the canadian bid.
What is the security Council ?
It is one of the central organs of the United Nations, born in 1945, at the end of the Second world War, to facilitate international dialogues and avoid new conflicts. The Board is responsible for the maintenance of peace and international security.
It consists of 15 member States, 5 permanent (the United States, China, Russia, France and the United Kingdom) and 10 non-permanent elected for 2 years by the general Assembly, bringing together 193 member States.
The security Council resolutions. This may include recommendations and / or advice (e.g. : condemnation of the firing of north Korean missiles), economic sanctions or trade (example : embargo on arms sales to South Africa during the apartheid era), or military actions (e.g. : mission for stabilization of Mali in West Africa).
Why Canada does it sit ?
Shortly after his election, in 2015, prime minister Trudeau said : “Canada is back “. For him, the re-engagement of the country in multilateral forums shunned by Stephen Harper is a priority of the first hour, and the security Council of the united nations is the most prestigious and influential of these forums.
Canada has not served for 20 years and his last campaign for access, in 2010, resulted in a dismal failure. Ten years later, the ex-premiers Jean Charest and Joe Clark, both committed by Ottawa to defend the canadian bid, believe that Canada must help address the most difficult challenges of humanity in the area of peace and security “, because ” these issues have direct implications for Canada.”
“More than ever we need cooperation with other countries for the repatriation of Canadians abroad, to contribute to the search for a vaccine or to maintain the supply chains “, illustrate in an open letter published in Le Devoir.
- 45 peacekeepers canadians deployed in the world (in 2019)
- 135 Norwegian
- 623 Irish
- To 0.26 % of gross national income (GNI) of Canada is dedicated to the development assistance
- 0.32 per cent of GNI for Ireland
- 1 % of the GNI of Norway
- 96 embassies canadian in the world (in 2019)
- 79 Norwegian ambassadors
- 66 embassies, irish